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科学发展观对马克思主义社会发展理论的传承与发展

On the Scientific Concept of Development’s Heritage and Development to Marxist Theory of Social Development

作者: 专业:马克思主义哲学 导师:刘灵光 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 广西师范学院

Keywords

Scientific concept of development, The development of Marxism theory, Heritage and Development

        科学发展观是在传承马克思主义关于发展的理论的基础上,紧密结合当代中国实际,总结和借鉴国内外的历史经验教训而形成的;是我们党对建设中国特色社会主义规律性认识的升华,是对马克思主义社会发展理论的传承与发展,是马克思主义中国化的又一丰硕成果,是当代中国的马克思主义。科学发展观的核心是以人为本,基本要求是全面、协调、可持续。这四个方面是对社会发展客观规律的科学总结和高度概括,是马克思主义实事求是思想路线的生动体现。以人为本是指以最广大人民群众中的每一个具体、现实的人为本。以人为本既传承了马克思主义为最广大人民群众谋利益的一以贯之的价值取向,又发展了人民群众是历史的创造主体和价值主体的唯物史观,洋溢着浓郁的中国特色、中国作风、中国气派,是马克思主义中国化的经典表达方式,是马克思主义中国化进程中的又一座新的里程碑。全面发展是指发展要有全面性、整体性,不仅经济发展,而且政治、文化、社会等各个方面都要发展,要按照中国特色社会主义事业总体布局全面推进经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设以及生态文明建设。全面发展既浸透了社会发展普遍联系、全面性的观点,而又坚持了社会发展重点论和两点论的有机统一,是对马克思主义社会整体发展理论的传承和发展。协调发展,是指发展要有协调性、均衡性,社会主义现代化建设各个环节、各个方面的发展要相互适应、相互协调、相互促进,生产关系与生产力、上层建筑与经济基础相互协调、相互促进。它既丰富了统筹兼顾的战略思想,又提升了其本身的方法论意义,这些从中国特色社会主义建设伟大实践中总结出来的真知灼见,将马克思主义社会协调发展的思想推进到了一个全新的层次和高度,因而也是对马克思主义社会协调发展思想的最好传承与发展。可持续发展是针对目前阶段我国经济社会发展过程中如何处理好人口与资源环境的关系而提出来的,特指人与自然的关系而言的。可持续发展不仅首次提出“资源节约型、环境友好型”的人与自然关系新理念,而且提出了人类社会永续发展的途径。如果说马克思主义创始人更多地是从生产发展的角度揭示人与自然和谐的重要意义,揭示自然之于人的根本意义,强调资源对于生产的重要性,环境对于人类生存的重要性,那么,可持续发展则是从社会发展、社会和谐、人的发展的角度,更为充分地揭示了人与自然和谐共处的现实意义,因而体现了对马克思主义人与自然关系理念的传承与重大发展。
    Scientific concept of development in the heritage of Marxist theory of development based on the close connection with China’s reality, to sum up and learn the historical lessons at home and abroad formed; is our party’s understanding of the laws of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the sublimation of the Marxist theory of social development, heritage and development of Marxism in China is another great achievement, is Marxism of contemporary China.The core concept of scientific development is people-oriented, the basic requirement is a comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable. These four aspects of the objective laws of social development of science and concise summary of the Marxist ideological line of seeking truth from facts a vivid expression. People-oriented refers to the masses of each concrete, realistic people. People-oriented both the heritage of Marxism for the masses to seek the interests of a consistent value orientation and the development of the people is the history of the creation of the subject and the value of the main body of the materialist conception of history, filled with strong Chinese characteristics, Chinese style, Chinese style Marxism in China is a classic expression of Marxism in China in the process of another new milestone. To have comprehensive development means the development of a comprehensive, holistic, not only economic development but also political, cultural, and social development in every aspect, in accordance with the overall layout of the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, promote overall economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction and ecological development. Comprehensive social development, development is generally saturated with links, comprehensive point of view, but insisted the focus of social development and the two points of the organic unity of the Marxist theory of the overall development of community heritage and development. Coordinated development means the development must be coordinated, balanced, all aspects of socialist modernization, the development of various aspects of adaptation to each other, mutual coordination and promotion, production relations and productive forces, the superstructure and the economic base their mutual coordination and promotion of . It enriches the overall consideration of strategic thinking, but also enhance the sense of its own methodology, which from the great practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics, summed up the insights of Marxist ideas to promote social development to a whole new level and height and, therefore, the coordinated development of Marxist thought the best social heritage and development. Sustainable development is aimed at the current stage of economic and social development process of how to deal with the relationship between population and resources and environment of their argument, especially as the relationship between people and nature purposes. Sustainable development is not only for the first time that "resource-saving and environment friendly" relationship between man and nature, new ideas, and proposed approaches to sustainable development of human society. If the founders of Marxism is more revealing from the perspective of the development of production people the importance of harmony with nature, reveals the nature of man is fundamental to emphasize the importance of resources for production, the importance of the environment for human survival, then Sustainable development is the social development, social harmony, human development perspective, more fully reveals the harmonious coexistence of man and nature, the practical significance, which reflects the nature of the relationship between Marxism and philosophy of heritage and significant development .
        

科学发展观对马克思主义社会发展理论的传承与发展

摘要4-6
ABSTRACT6-7
绪论10-15
    一、研究目的及意义10-12
    二、研究现状综述12-15
第一章 对社会历史主体论的传承与发展15-28
    第一节 马克思主义创始人的社会历史主体观15-17
        一、马克思恩格斯:“为绝大多数人谋利益”15-16
        二、列宁:“保证社会全体成员的充分福利和自由的全面发展”16-17
    第二节 中共三代领导人关于为最广大人民群众谋利益的思想17-21
        一、毛泽东:“全心全意为人民服务”17-18
        二、邓小平:“最终达到共同富裕”18-20
        三、江泽民:“始终代表最广大人民的根本利益”20-21
    第三节 以人为本:完善和升华了社会历史主体论21-28
        一、以人为本是指以最广大人民群众中的每一个具体、现实的人为本21-24
        二、以人为本是对马克思主义社会历史主体论的完善和升华24-26
        三、以人为本是马克思主义中国化的经典表达方式和新的里程碑26-28
第二章 对社会整体发展观的传承与发展28-35
    第一节 马克思主义创始人的社会整体发展观28-29
    第二节 中共三代领导人关于我国社会整体发展的论述与实践29-31
    第三节 全面发展:深化与拓展了社会整体发展观31-35
        一、全面发展凸显了社会发展普遍联系和全面性的观点32-33
        二、全面发展是坚持社会发展重点论和两点论有机统一的典范33-35
第三章 对社会协调发展观的传承与发展35-43
    第一节 马克思恩格斯的社会协调发展观35-37
    第二节 中共三代领导人关于我国社会协调发展的论述与实践37-40
        一、毛泽东同志对协调发展的探索37-38
        二、改革开放以来对协调发展的认识与实践38-40
    第三节 协调发展:丰富和提升了社会协调发展观40-43
        一、丰富了统筹兼顾的战略思想40-41
        二、提升了协调发展的方法论意义41-43
第四章 对人与自然关系理念的传承与发展43-53
    第一节 马克思主义创始人的人与自然关系理念43-45
    第二节 中共三代领导人关于人与自然关系的理念45-49
        一、毛泽东同志对人与自然关系的认识与实践45-46
        二、改革开放以来对人与自然关系的认识和实践46-49
    第三节 可持续发展:开创了人与自然关系理念的新境界49-53
        一、首次提出“资源节约型、环境友好型”的人与自然关系新理念49-51
        二、提出了人类社会永续发展的途径51-53
结束语53-55
主要参考文献55-59
后记59-60
攻读硕士学位期间发表论文60
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