胡乔木晚年对中共重大政治理论问题的研究和再认识

Old Age Hu Qiaomu’s Research and New Cognition of the CPC’s Significant Political Theory

作者: 专业:马克思主义理论与思想政治教育 导师:张继良 年度:2008 学位:博士 

关键词
胡乔木晚年 中共 政治理论 研究和再认识

Keywords
old age Hu Qiaomu, the CPC, political theory, research and re-cognition
        本文就胡乔木晚年对中国共产党的重大政治理论问题的贡献进行了系统地梳理和研究。胡乔木晚年处在中国哲学社会科学舞台的中心,也处在中国共产党重大政治理论问题的决策中心,这两个中心的特殊地位使他能够从中国政治的全局来思考和研究中共的重大政治理论问题。而作为一个党史专家、百科全书式的学者使他又能够对中共的重大政治理论问题从学术的角度来审视。较高的马克思主义理论素养、渊博的知识底蕴、特殊的地位、多重的身份使他对中共重大政治理论的研究不仅有政治的高度,而且有理论的深度。本文试图从中国改革开放的大背景,通过对胡乔木晚年的政治理论观点的梳理,来窥视中国共产党关于中国特色社会主义理论的创立、形成、发展变化的轨迹,并试图以本文的研究成果为中国特色社会主义理论体系的深入研究提供一点参考。该文以基本的事实为依据,以历史主义的态度为准绳,以研究胡乔木晚年对中共重大政治理论贡献为切入点,全面系统地梳理和评析胡乔木晚年关于对坚持和发展党的指导思想—马克思主义、毛泽东思想的新认识;关于对什么是社会主义和如何建设社会主义的新思考;关于对社会主义时期党的“左”倾错误的新探讨;关于对人道主义和异化问题、新的治史理念、文艺与政治的关系问题的研究和再认识;评议他的新认识的理论意义和现实意义。既充分肯定他的理论贡献,也不粉饰其存在的缺陷和偏颇。第一章,胡乔木晚年对党的指导思想的新认识。第一,关于坚持和发展马克思主义的新分析。阐述了胡乔木晚年所强调的从四个方面即坚持马克思主义的辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义的世界观和方法论、坚持社会主义并最终实现共产主义的奋斗目标、坚持为无产阶级和最广大人民群众谋利益的无产阶级学说和随着实践的发展而发展的马克思主义的理论品质来理解坚持马克思主义的精神实质问题;阐释了他关于马克思主义如何与中国革命和建设的实际相结合从而使马克思主义得到发展的新见解;梳理了他关于马克思主义与毛泽东思想、毛泽东思想与新时期的方针路线即邓小平理论之间继承和发展的关系的新认识;概述了他对中国共产党在十二个方面发展马克思主义的具体内容的新总结;阐述了他关于新时期加强马克思主义研究的新思考。第二,关于坚持和发展毛泽东思想的新见解。全面阐述了胡乔木晚年对毛泽东历史地位的客观评价和对坚持毛泽东思想的新论述;综合梳理了他提出的要把毛泽东思想与毛泽东的思想、毛泽东思想与毛泽东的晚年错误严格区分开来的新主张及对毛泽东思想内涵的新界定;客观地介绍了他提出的实事求是、群众路线、独立自主、自力更生是毛泽东思想灵魂的三个基本点的新见解;实事求是地分析了他关于对毛泽东思想既要坚持又要发展的新论述;并从国际国内大视野就其对中共指导思想新见解的理论价值和现实意义进行了实事求是的评议。第二章,胡乔木晚年对社会主义基本理论问题的新探讨。阐述了胡乔木晚年对我国改革开放前社会主义观的反思;梳理了他提出的社会主义与资本主义有双重关系以及建设社会主义必须向资本主义学习的新主张;概述了其对中国特色社会主义内涵的新见解;解析了他对社会主义的新认识;对胡乔木的有关新探讨进行了实事求是的评议。第三章,胡乔木晚年对如何建设社会主义的新认识。第一,关于社会主义经济建设。梳理了胡乔木从理论和实践两方面对我国改革开放前经济建设上的失误所进行的系统反思;阐释了他提出的新时期社会主义经济建设的新主张;第二,关于社会主义的民主建设。从社会主义民主的地位、民主的内涵、民主的实现形式、正确处理民主问题的几个关系等方面阐述了胡乔木的社会主义民主观;第三,关于社会主义精神文明建设。全面分析了胡乔木关于社会主义精神文明的地位、内涵、与物质文明的关系、精神文明建设的核心等方面的新主张。通过对社会主义经济、民主、精神文明建设三个方面的研究,全面阐述了胡乔木晚年的社会主义建设观,回答了在如何建设社会主义的问题上,胡乔木晚年的新探索。并就有关新认识对创立和完善中国特色社会主义的理论价值和现实意义进行了评议。第四,胡乔木晚年对党的“左”倾错误的新分析。全面阐述了胡乔木对“文化大革命”发生的原因、“文化大革命”的性质、“文化大革命”的教训的新论述以及对“无产阶级专政下继续革命”理论的剖析和否定;系统梳理了胡乔木晚年关于社会主义社会阶级斗争的作用、存在的范围、评价标准以及正确区分和处理社会主义时期两类不同性质矛盾等一系列问题上的新见解;阐释了他晚年关于党的历史不能简化为路线斗争史、倡导用两种趋势来分析党的历史的新观点;概述了他晚年对中共犯“二十年左倾”错误原因的新探讨;评议了其新见解对中共在理论和实践上实现拨乱反正的现实意义。第五,胡乔木晚年对其他重大理论问题的研究。阐述了他对人道主义和异化问题的理论探讨;关于对文艺与政治关系的新见解;关于对中共治史理念的新主张;分析了其新观点的理论意义和现实指导意义。余论。就胡乔木晚年对中共重大政治理论问题的贡献进了总体的评价;对其理论研究中值得商榷之处进行了客观的实事求是的评议;并探讨了他晚年取得辉煌理论成就的原因;对本文研究的不足进行了简要的总结。
    This paper combs through and investigates old age Hu Qiaomu’s contribution to the CPC’s significant political theory. Hu Qiaomu was in the philosophical social science centre of China, and the decision centre of the CPC’s significant political theory in his later years. The special position enabled him to contemplate and investigate the significant political theory from an overall viewpoint of China. Meanwhile, as an expert of the CPC’s history, an encyclopedia-like scholor, he could examine the CPC’s significant political theory from an academic viewpoint. Due to his qualification of mastering Marxism, profound knowledge base,special position and multiple capacity, he could investigate the CPC’s significant political theory both politically and thearetically. Via taking the Reform and Opening-Up of China as the background, via combing through old age Hu Qiaomu’s political and theoretical point of view, this paper sees segment of a whole of the developing and changing course of the CPC’s political theory, intends to contribute a little reference material to the deep investigation of the scientific system of socialist theory with Chinese characteristics.Basing on the facts, taking historicism as criterion and the old age Hu Qiaomu’s contribution to the CPC’s political theory as thebreakthrough point, this paper combs through and comments on old age Qiaomu’s new cognition of maintaining and developing Marxism and Mao Zedong Thought, which are the CPC’s guiding thoughts; on the new thinking of what is and how to construct Socialism; on the new enquiry of correcting the“Left”wrong deviation of the CPC in Socialist period; on humanitarianism and alienation; on the research and new cognition of the new studying history and the relationship between arts and politics; on the realistic and theoretical meaning of his new cognition. This paper affirms his theoretical achievements, however does not whitewash the defect and partial opinion.The following parts are the content of this paper.Chapter 1, Hu Qiaomu’s new cognition of the CPC’s guiding thoughts in his later years. The following words are his new cognition of persisting, developing Marxism. The paper expounds Hu Qiaomu’s understanding of persisting the nature of Marxism, which he emphasized from four aspects, they are: persisting the world outlook and methodology of Marxist dialectical and historical materialism, persisting socialism and realizing the goal of communism, persisting the proletarian theory of benefiting the proletariat and the people and persisting the Marxist theoretic quality of making progress with the deveolping practice; the paper interprets his new viewpoint on the production of China-style Marxism------ Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory, which expressed how Marxism combined with the revolution and construction practice of China; the paper combs through his new understanding of the relationship between inheritance and development, that is the relationship between Marxism, Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory, the last one is the principle and line in a new period; analyses his new cognition of the criterion of developing Marxism; summarizes his new conclusion of the CPC’s developing Marxism from twelve aspects; sets forth his new reflection on strengthening Marxist research in the new stage. The following is the new analysis of persisting and developing Mao Zedong Thought. This part sets forth Hu Qiaomu’s objective evaluation of Mao Zedong’s historical position and the new exposition of persisting Mao Zedong Thought in his later years, thouroughly combs his new proposition of rigorously distinguishing Mao Zedong Thought from Mao Zedong’s thought and the old age Mao Zedong’s error, redefines the connotation of Mao Zedong Thought; practically and realisrically judges his new understanding of the three basic points of the soul of Mao Zedong Thought, which are seeking truth from the reality, following the mass line and maintaining independence and keeping self-reliance; objectively introduces his new exposition of both persisting and developing Mao Zedong Thought; objectively assesses the theoretical and parctical value of his new understanding of the CPC’s guiding thought from national and international point of view.Chapter 2, Hu Qiaomu’s new investigation of socialist basic theory in his later years. This part sets forth Hu Qiaomu’s counter-reflection on national socialist concept of China before Reform and Opening- up in his later years; combs through his proposition that there is dual relationship between socialism and capitalism, and if the former needs to be constructed it must learn from the latter; summarizes his new understanding of the connotation of the socialism with Chinese characteristics; analyses his new cognition of communist goal that should be from near to far future; comments on Hu Qiaomu’s related new investigation practically and realisrically. Chapter 3, Hu Qiaomu’s new cognition of how to construct socialism in his later years. This chapter consists of three parts. Part one, on cocialist economic construction. This part combs through Hu Qiaomu’s systematic reflection on the faults of the national economic construction before Reform and Opening- up theoretically and practically; interprets his new proposition of socialist economic construction in a new stage. Part two, on socialist democratic construction. This part summarizes Hu Qiaomu’s view on socialist democracy from the aspects of its position, connotation, form of socialist democracy and coordination of several democratic relationships. Part three, on socialist cultural and ideological progress. This part analyses Hu Qiaomu’s new proposition of the position, connotation, the relationship with material civilization and the core of socialist cultural and ideological progress. Via the investigation of socialist economic, democratic and cultural, ideological construction, this part summarizes Hu Qiaomu’s socialist construction view in his later years, gives old age Hu Qiaomu’s new exploration of how to construct socialism, appraises the theoretical value and practical significance of Hu Qiaomu’s new understanding of founding and perfecting socialism with Chinese characteristics.Chapter 4, Hu Qiaomu’s new analysis of the CPC’s“Left”wrong deviation in his later years. This part summarizes Hu Qiaomu’s new proposition of the cause, nature, launching theory and the lesson of the Great Cultural Revolution; combs through old age Hu Qiaomu’s new understanding of a series of socialist problems such as the function of class struggle, existent range, appraisal standard and dealing with the two kinds of heterogeneity contradiction in socialist stage; interprets his new understanding in his later years that the CPC’s history should not be simplified as the history of line struggle, and the CPC’s history can be analyzed by two tendencies; summarizes his new exploration of the origion of the CPC’s“twenty years Left wrong deviation”; appraises the practical meaning of his new undersatanding that affects the realization of the CPC’s briging order out of wrongs theoretically.Chapter 5, Old age Hu Qiaomu’s research on other great theoretical problems. This part summarizes his new theoretical probe into humanitarianism and alienation; his new understanding of the relationship between arts and politics; his new proposition of the CPC’s studying history concept, and appraises the theoretical and practical meaning of his new ideas. The remaining part. This part appraises old age Hu Qiaomu’s investigation of the CPC’s great political and theoretical problems; gives an objective, practical and realistic deliberation to some point of his theoretical research that is open to question; and probes the reason of his glorious achievement in his later years.
        

胡乔木晚年对中共重大政治理论问题的研究和再认识

中文摘要3-5
英文摘要5-8
绪论11-17
    一、选题的意义11-12
    二、研究现状概述12-14
    三、研究对象的时间和内容的界定14-15
    四、研究手段和研究方法15
    五、学术价值15-17
第一章 胡乔木晚年对党的指导思想的新认识17-52
    一、关于坚持和发展马克思主义的新分析17-31
    二、关于坚持和发展毛泽东思想的新见解31-49
    三、对胡乔木有关新认识的评议49-52
第二章 胡乔木晚年对社会主义基本理论问题的新探讨52-92
    一、对改革开放前我国社会主义观的反思52-64
    二、关于社会主义与资本主义关系的新认识64-78
    三、关于构建中国特色社会主义理论体系的新思考78-89
    四、对胡乔木有关新探讨的评议89-92
第三章 胡乔木晚年对如何建设社会主义问题的新认识92-138
    一、关于新时期经济建设的再思考92-111
    二、关于新时期民主建设的再思考111-120
    三、关于新时期精神文明建设的新主张120-135
    四、对胡乔木有关新认识的评议135-138
第四章 胡乔木晚年对党的“左”倾错误的新分析138-181
    一、关于对“文化大革命”的评析138-152
    二、关于社会主义社会阶级斗争的新见解152-160
    三、关于“路线斗争”的新主张160-168
    四、关于中共犯“二十年左倾错误”原因的新分析168-178
    五、 对胡乔木有关新分析的评价178-181
第五章 胡乔木晚年对我国其他重大问题的研究181-213
    一、关于人道主义和异化问题181-191
    二、关于文艺与政治关系的新主张191-197
    三、关于中共治史理念的新思考197-213
余论213-223
    一、胡乔木晚年理论思考中可商榷的几个问题213-218
    二、 胡乔木晚年理论成就的评价和取得辉煌成就的原因218-221
    三、本文研究的缺憾221-223
参考文献223-232
后记232-234
攻读学位期间取得的科研成果清单234


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