闽南与台湾地区民间工艺调查研究

A Study on Folk Handicrafts in South Fujian and Taiwan

作者: 专业:专门史 导师:汪毅夫 年度:2008 学位:博士 

关键词
闽南 台湾 民间工艺 行会 行例

Keywords
South Fujian, Taiwan, folk handicraft, guild, guild’s practice
        近年来,随着闽台区域文化研究的升温和学术界的高度重视,大批学者着手并深入闽台两地开展调查,对闽台两地的信仰、习俗、宗教和区域经济做了系统的分析,但是却仅仅局限于经济史、文化史和宗教史的研究范畴,对于闽南和台湾地区民间工艺的研究却尚未展开。本文立足于闽台两地丰富的文化资源,从民间工艺的题材内容、施作技艺、工匠身份、材质选用等入手,进行逐一比对、分析,通过对区域性民间工艺的田野调查,结合史料、文献记载的佐证,研究民间工艺传承人的传承谱系、传承人口诀和技艺特点,并采集民间工艺的行会行例习俗的范例,探讨闽台民间工艺生产的动作机制与模式。最后力求以宏观的视野考量闽台民间工艺的整体之脉络,探其源流,同时又从微观的视角对鲜活的个案之剖析求其精髓。在研究方法上,侧重于对著名艺师的生命史追问和代表性作品的介绍,涉及工艺的传承和技术的创新的特点,同时还重点研究门类工艺美术在题材与民间,信仰与民间,语言与民间的关系,以及民间工艺行会的“行例”和技术传授的口诀等,力求全面客观地展示闽台民间工艺的形态与特征。文章以闽台民间工艺作为研究的对象,从门类艺术的形态分析与传承人的访谈所获得的第一手资料,实为该地区民间工艺活态文化最为真切的写照,在此基础上建立相关的资料数据和档案,将为日后“闽南文化生态实验保护区”的工作决策和非物质文化遗产保护,提出理论上的有力依据和参考。一方面,它填补了闽台传统手工业发展史研究上的空白,另一方面,也将增进了海峡两岸对中华文化的认同感和历史感,对防止“文化台独”,增进祖国和平统一具有较高的历史意义和社会价值。
    In recent years, with the increasing of the research and the academia’s high-level attentions to the regional culture in Fujian and Taiwan, many scholars commenced on the investigations in the two areas and made a systematical analysis on the beliefs, customs, religions and regional economies in Fujian and Taiwan. However, they confined their studies to the categories of the histories of economy, culture and religion, and ignored the studies on folk handicrafts in Fujian and Taiwan.Basing on the rich cultural resources in Fujian and Taiwan, the paper studied the successors’ family trees, pithy formulas and skills of the folk handicrafts through the comparisons and analysis on the subjects, skills, craftsman’s status and material selections by ways of field investigations and analysis of document records and historical data. Moreover , the author chose the guild’s practices as the example of research and inquired into the production models and institutions of folk handicrafts in Fujian and Taiwan. So the main purpose of the study is to investigate the whole sequence and look into the origins of folk handicrafts in Fujian and Taiwan with a macroscopical view and analyze the pith through case study with a microcosmic view.As for the method of study, the paper laid emphasis on the inquiries of the famous artisans’ life history and the introductions of their representative works, which included the succession of handicrafts and the innovation of skills. Moreover , in order to make an overall and objective analysis on the forms and features of folk handicrafts, the paper focused on the research of the guild’s practices, the pithy formulas and the relations between the subjects and the folk, the religions and the folk, the languages and the folk and so on.In this paper, the author chose the folk handicrafts in Fujian and Taiwan as the object of study. The first-hand information through the analysis on the features of some art forms and the interviews with the successors is a real picture of the local folk handicrafts. The relevant data and records based on this will provide theory basis and reference for the later working decisions and immaterial culture heritage protections during the works for the cultural ecosystem reserve in Fujian and Taiwan. On the one hand, it supplied a gap for the studies on the history of traditional handicrafts industry in Fujian and Taiwan, and on the other hand, it will promote the sense of identity and history for the cross straits and have historical significance and social value for preventing culture independence of Taiwan and promoting the peaceful unification of our motherland.
        

闽南与台湾地区民间工艺调查研究

摘要2-3
Abstract3
第1章 导言6-20
    1.1 选题及研究的意义6-9
    1.2 研究方法及前期准备9-14
    1.3 闽台民间工艺现有研究综述14-20
第2章 闽台民间工艺的文化意涵20-42
    2.1 闽台民间工艺的渊源20-33
    2.2 漳、泉移民台湾地区与民间工艺传播33-42
第3章 闽台民间工艺的主要门类42-120
    3.1 石雕42-55
    3.2 木雕55-62
    3.3 彩绘62-64
    3.4 剪瓷雕(剪粘)64-76
    3.5 陶瓷76-81
    3.6 木版年画81-85
    3.7 皮(纸)影雕刻85-89
    3.8 布袋戏偶雕刻89-102
    3.9 漆艺102-104
    3.10 寿山石104-108
    3.11 剪纸108-110
    3.12 刻纸花灯110-115
    3.13 刺绣115-118
    3.14 金属工艺118-120
第4章 闽台民间工艺传承人及其口诀120-160
    4.1 闽台民间工艺传承人120-155
    4.2 闽台民间工艺口诀155-160
第5章 闽台民间工艺运作机制与模式160-172
    5.1 营造的主事与受雇160-162
    5.2 组织结构与分工162-164
    5.3 对场竞作形式164-172
第6章 闽台民间工艺的行业习俗及行会行例172-182
    6.1 古代民间工艺行会的产生的背景172-174
    6.2 古代漳州地区民间工艺行业习俗174-182
第7章 闽台民间工艺图式分析182-208
    7.1 人物图式184-196
    7.2 花鸟走兽196-202
    7.3 水族202-203
    7.4 博古图203-204
    7.5 线条图形204-208
第8章 闽台民间工艺的美学特征208-224
    8.1 生活世界的娱乐与教化208-212
    8.2 生活世界的表现方式212-214
    8.3 民间工艺的审美品格214-216
    8.4 民间工艺的造器之观216-218
    8.5 民间工艺的技艺之美218-219
    8.6 民间工艺的特色之美219-224
结语224-228
附录228-253
参考文献253-256
攻读学位期间承担的科研任务与主要成果256-257
致谢257-258


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