钧官瓷断代和不同时期刘家门窑钧瓷的研究

Jun Official Porcelain Dating and Different Stage of Liu Jiamen Porcelain Researching

作者:  导师:李国霞 年度:2010  院校: 郑州大学

Keywords

The Jun porcelain of Jun Official kiln, The Jun porcelain of Liu Jiamen kiln, Proton induced X-Ray emission, X-Ray diffraction, Scanning Electron Microscope
        钧瓷是宋代“五大名瓷”之一,为了研究其艺术价值和历史文化背景等,许多考古工作者对钧瓷进行了多年的考古研究,但钧瓷系窑口众多,发掘出来保存较为完整的钧瓷窑口很少。刘家门窑钧瓷是发掘地层较为分明、历史跨度比较长的窑口,自2001年发掘以来未曾有人对其进行过深入分析研究。本论文选用了2004年发掘的禹州钧台窑钧官瓷和刘家门窑五期样品作为研究对象,用质子激发X射线荧光分析(PIXE)技术测定了其化学组成含量,通过多元统计分析结果考察刘家门窑各期的相互关系及它们与钧官瓷的关系;用X射线衍射(XRD)进行物相分析,判断各个典型样品成形后胎体所含物质;根据样品胎体物理性能测试,观测各期样品的胎体致密度;最后通过扫描电镜观察钧官瓷和刘家门窑典型时期样品的胎、釉及二者交汇的中间层微观结构,了解它们之间的区别与相似之处。以上工作的目的主要有两个:第一,通过以上实验分析,从宏观到微观深入观察刘家门窑各期钧瓷之间的关系,探究刘家门窑各期的烧制工艺。第二,通过和钧官瓷的对比分析,试图发现刘家门窑各期和钧官瓷之间的相似程度,探索钧官瓷烧制年代之谜。实验分析结果表明:1)刘家门窑各期之间相互关系紧密,很难完全区分开来。依此推测,刘家门窑各期从原料来源和烧制工艺上一脉相承。2)刘家门窑三期前钧瓷从化学组成的因子分析、判别分析和物理性能的吸水率及空隙率同钧官瓷相比较,该期与钧官瓷更为接近。因此,推测钧官瓷和刘家门窑三期前甚为相似。
    Jun porcelain as one of "famous kilns of Song",their artistic value and historical and cultural background is very worthy of study. So many archaeologists on Jun porcelain for years of archaeological research, but Jun porcelain is an enormous ceramic series, we had not found a more complete preservation Jun Porcelain Kilns up to now. Liu Jun porcelain kiln is the only one which have a clearly defined era and very broad span of history kiln. Since 2004 it has not been conducted in-depth analysis. This paper, we choose the official Jun porcelain from Juntai kiln and the five stages Liu Jiamen Jun porcelain from Liu Jiamen kiln to study. Using proton induced X-ray fluorescence analysis (PIXE) method measured its chemical composition, study the relationship of five period Liu Jiamen kiln and compare their relationship with Jun official kiln by multivariate statistical analysis; Using X-ray diffraction (XRD) phase analysis carried out to determine the typical sample contain substances; according to the result of Physical properties of the sample test, observing the density of the sample body; Finally, using scanning electron microscopy, observe the differences and the similarities about the glaze,the middle layer and the body between the typical samples from Liu Jiamen kiln and the samples from Jun official kiln. The goals of this work as:First, by the experimental analysis, we observed the relationship of Liu Jiamen kiln in the different stages from macro to micro.Secondly, we compare the porcelain of Jun official kiln and Liu Jiamen kiln, trying to find the similarity from Liu Jiamen kiln and Jun official kiln.The results of these experimental shows:1)The different stages of Liu Jiamen kiln can not be divided and separated from each other. It means that they have the same raw materials source and the similar processes craft.2) The third stage of Liu Jiamen kiln have much more similarity with Jun the water absorption rate of physical properties. So we infer that the Junofficial kiln started at the beginning of Yuan dynasty.
        

钧官瓷断代和不同时期刘家门窑钧瓷的研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5-6
1 引言9-15
    1.1 钧瓷简介9-11
        1.1.1 钧瓷的历史发展9-10
        1.1.2 钧官瓷烧造年代研究10-11
    1.2 刘家门窑考古断代情况简述11-13
        1.2.1 刘家门窑一期前阶段11
        1.2.2 刘家门窑一期后阶段11-12
        1.2.3 刘家门窑二期阶段12
        1.2.4 刘家门窑三期前阶段12
        1.2.5 刘家门窑三期后阶段12-13
    1.3 核分析技术在古陶瓷研究中的应用13
    1.4 研究意义13-15
2 钧官瓷和刘家门窑钧瓷的PIXE数据分析15-34
    2.1 质子激发X射线荧光分析(PIXE)15-19
        2.1.1 基本原理15-16
        2.1.2 PIXE实验16-17
        2.1.3 样品及实验数据17-19
    2.2 因子分析与判别分析19-22
        2.2.1 因子分析19-20
        2.2.2 判别分析20-22
    2.3 刘家门窑钧瓷和钧台窑钧官瓷PIXE数据分析22-33
        2.3.1 刘家门窑钧瓷和钧台窑钧官瓷釉因子分析22-25
        2.3.2 刘家门窑钧瓷和钧台窑钧官瓷胎因子分析25-28
        2.3.3 刘家门窑钧瓷和钧台窑钧官瓷釉判别分析28-30
        2.3.4 刘家门窑钧瓷和钧台窑钧官瓷胎判别分析30-33
    本章小结33-34
3 钧官瓷和刘家门窑钧瓷物相及物理性能分析34-45
    3.1 物相分析34-40
        3.1.1 X射线衍射仪(XRD)的基本原理34-35
        3.1.2 实验及样品制备35-36
        3.1.3 钧官瓷和刘家门窑钧瓷胎的物相分析36-40
    3.2 钧官瓷和刘家门钧瓷的物理性能40-45
        3.2.1 实验方法和测量结果40-41
        3.2.2 数据分析41-44
        本章小结44-45
4 钧官瓷和刘家门窑钧瓷显微结构的对比分析45-55
    4.1 扫描电子显微镜的原理与成像45-46
    4.2 样品的制备方法46-47
    4.3 钧官瓷和刘家门窑钧瓷胎显微结构47-49
        4.3.1 钧官瓷胎的显微结构分析47-48
        4.3.2 刘家门窑钧瓷胎的显微结构分析48-49
    4.4 钧官瓷和刘家门窑钧瓷中间层的显微结构49-51
    4.5 钧官瓷和刘家门窑钧瓷釉的显微结构分析51-54
    本章小结54-55
5 总结与展望55-57
    5.1 总结55-56
    5.2 展望56-57
参考文献57-59
个人简历59-60
致谢60
        
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