开封菜肴名称的语言文化探析

The Analysis of Language and Culture of Kaifeng’s Dish Names

作者: 专业:语言学及应用语言学 导师:张俐 年度:2011 学位:硕士  院校: 河南大学

Keywords

the name of Kaifeng dish, rhetorical devices, traditional culture, glossary constitution, the rule to name, to regulate the language

        语言的表现形式是多种多样的,菜肴的名称属于其中重要的一种,开封菜肴名称带有明显的地域文化烙印。开封菜肴的名称与开封地理概况有着密切的联系。开封菜肴的名称反映了开封饮食文化的历史和发展,正是深厚的饮食文化底蕴和独具特色的饮食风俗塑造了开封丰富多彩的菜肴名称。开封菜肴的名称使用了多种修辞手法。这些修辞手法的使用不仅便于饮食消费者理解、记忆、识别菜肴,还能直接影响和刺激广大饮食消费者的消费欲望。菜肴名称还对饮食文化的传播与交流、引导广大饮食消费者的消费动向起着重要的作用。而良好的修辞效果在这一过程中有着相当重要的作用。揭示开封菜肴名称所使用的修辞手法和修辞的表达效果,有利于促进菜肴名称的规范化、合理化运用。开封菜肴的名称从命名的艺术手法来看分为写实类菜名和写意类菜名。写实类菜肴名称呈现出朴实无华的特征。写意类菜肴的名称大多借助联想、想象等手段采用各些修辞手法,例如借代、比喻、象征、用典等修辞手法来美化菜肴。也由于这修辞手法的使用,这类菜肴名称常呈现出不同的风格特征,要么古朴典雅,要么诙谐幽默。写意类菜肴名称很难从名称上看出菜肴的原料构成和口味类型,但是写意类菜肴名称能够使消费者眼前一亮,产生“心意相通”的感觉,使消费者能够从菜肴名称产生联想,进而意会写意类菜肴名称的含义。开封菜肴的名称与我国的传统文化同样有着深刻的联系。开封菜肴的名称体现了我国传统文化的精神核心。我国的传统文化好似一颗根深叶茂的参天大树,饮食文化便是这棵大树上繁衍出的枝叶,从传统文化的母体中汲取丰富的营养。开封菜肴的名称体现了丰富的饮食文化内涵,饮食文化又折射着我国的传统文化。所以我们说开封菜肴的名称包含着深厚的传统文化意蕴。以口味命名类的菜肴所体现了我国古代的五行生克、阴阳消长的哲学思想,即开封菜肴名称与我国阴阳五行的哲学思想有着重要的内在联系。开封饮食文化所追求的“原形、原物、原汁、原味”离不开我国古代道家“自然清淡”思想的影响。对“色、香、味”的追求,是开封菜肴名称的一大特点,这一特点深受我国儒家食精脍细的美学思想的影响。同时开封菜肴名称也反映了我国原始神话的一些印迹。神话是远古人民对自然、社会现象的认识,是人类社会生活和心理生活的复杂结晶。作为我国一种古老的社会文化现象,原始神话一直影响着人们的日常生活,处于其氛围之中的饮食活动必然会受其影响。我国远古神话对开封菜肴名称的影响突出表现在龙、凤、麒麟、鱼等菜肴原料的命名上。开封菜肴名称的词汇构成有一定的特点。本文对开封菜肴名称的词汇构成进行深入的分析,揭示出开封菜肴名称常用词汇的特点。原料类词语、调料类词语和烹饪术语、数字、地名、人名、某些颜色类词语或某些色彩鲜明的器物类词语也可进入开封菜肴的名称。这些词语进入开封菜肴的名称之后,在形式上和意义上便构成了一个固定的整体,成为有着新的能指和所指的语言符号,专门指称某道开封名菜。开封菜肴名称具有一定的命名理据。其命名具有一定的任意性。然而语言符号不仅仅具有任意性,还包含着一定的理据性。开封菜肴名称命名的任意性受理据性制约,其任意性只能在它的理据性所规定的范围之内运作。我们把开封菜肴命名的词内理据主要分为原料类理据、造型类理据、颜色理据、味道理据和数字理据。开封菜肴的命名除了具有词内理据外,还具有其词外理据即文化理据。其文化理据主要体现在菜肴名称中数词的应用及某些器物类词语的应用。本文以实地调查、网络调查和搜集开封的一些菜谱得来的菜肴名称为基本语料,运用文化语言学、修辞学、社会语言学、语言理据等相关理论,来描写分析开封菜肴名称,揭示其修辞特征、文化特征和词汇构成。指出开封菜肴名称中出现的不规范现象,并提出相应的对策进行规范,力争做到描写充分、解释全面。
    The language form is many and varied; the dish name is an important kind of language form. Dish name of Kaifeng has the obvious region culture brand mark. The dish name of Kaifeng and the Kaifeng geography survey have the close relationship. The dish name of Kaifeng had reflected the Kaifeng deep diet culture history and the development. It’s just the deep culture and long history mode so many kinds of dish name. The dish names of Kaifeng have many rhetorical devices. With these rhetorical devices ,it is easy for many people to understand、remember and identify different dish names. It also can stimulate many customers’purchase desires. But the good rhetoric effect has the quite vital role in this process. Promulgating rhetorical device and rhetoric expression effect which the Kaifeng dish names have used is advantageous in the promotion of Kaifeng dish name’standardization and the rationalization. The name of dish of Kaifeng can be divided into the realistical name and abstractive name, according to the naming artistic technique. The realistical name of the dish presents the plain characteristic while the abstractive name is in the help of association and imagination in means and uses the rhetorical devices to beautify the cooked food, such as metonymy, analogy, and symbol. Because of the use of this rhetorical device, the name of dish often shows different stylistics, either elegant plain or jokily humorous. It is difficult to tell the raw material and its taste from the name but it can attract the consumer at once and make them feel“touch the cord”. The abstractive names of the dish make the consumer associate and then get the meaning of the name. There is a profound link between the name of Kaifeng dish and our county’s traditional culture. The name of Kaifeng dish manifests the spirit cord of the traditional culture. Our country’s traditional culture seems a deep-rooted and flourishing towering tree, while the diet culture is its branches and leaves that derives the rich nutrition from the traditional culture. The name of Kaifeng dish performs the connotation of the rich diet culture which in return reflects our country’s traditional culture. Therefore, we may say the name of Kaifeng dish contains profound traditional culture. The dish named after the taste shows the philosophy of Wu Xing (co-exist and conflict) and Yin Yang (increase and decrease), namely, the name of Kaifeng dish and the Wu Xing and Yin Yang have the important inner link. The diet culture of Kaifeng pursues“the original form, original things, raw juice, original taste”which was influenced by Taoism–nature and light .It is another character of the name of Kaifeng dish to pursue that the color is nice ,savor fantastic, taste good. This gets the influences from the Confucionists’aesthetics thought to fine food. Meanwhile the name of Kaifeng dish also reflects the trace of our country’s primitive myth. The myth was the ancient people’s understanding to nature and social phenomenon and also the complicate production of the human social and psychological life. As an old social culture phenomenon, the primitive myth has always affected people’s daily life and thus the diet culture which carried on in this atmosphere would be definitely influenced. The influence of primitive myth to the name of Kaifeng dish especially display to name the raw material of the dragon, phoenix, and unicorn. The glossary constitution of the name of Kaifeng dish has certain characteristics. This thesis makes an extending analysis on the lexical structure of the names of Kaifeng dishes in order to reveal the features of common vocabularies about Kaifeng dishes. Names of Kaifeng dishes can be made up by terms about raw materials, flavors, cuisine words, numbers, place names, people’s names, colors, and terms about implements. Having been used as the names of Kaifeng dishes, these terms form a fixed integration and become new language signs especially refer to some Kaifeng dishes. The naming of Kaifeng dishes are based on some reasons which are arbitrary to some extent. However, these language signs not only are arbitrary, but also have some reasons. The arbitrariness is restricted by reasons and must work within the limit of reasons. The in-term reasons of Kaifeng dishes naming mainly include raw material reasons, sculpting reasons, color reasons, flavor reasons and number reasons. Besides the in-term reasons, there are also out-term reasons or cultural reasons, which are mainly reflected in the application of numbers and implements words in Kaifeng dishes’names. This thesis takes dish names acquired by field survey, online survey and some diets in Kaifeng as the basic materials. On the basis of related theories like cultural linguistics, semantics, social linguistics and language reason, the thesis makes a descriptive analysis on Kaifeng dishes’names to reveal the semantic, cultural features and its lexical structure. The thesis points out that the nonstandard phenomenon in the names of Kaifeng dishes, and poses relevant strategies to regulate their names in the purpose of a sufficient description and comprehensive explanation.
        

开封菜肴名称的语言文化探析

摘要4-6
ABSTRACT6-7
引言10-14
    一、研究现状10
    二、研究意义10-11
    三、研究方法和语料来源11-14
        (一) 菜谱11
        (二) 实地调查11-12
        (三) 网络资源12-14
第一章 开封菜肴的历史和发展14-16
    一、开封地理概况14
    二、开封的饮食文化历史和发展14-16
第二章 开封菜肴名称命名的修辞手法和开封饮食文化16-24
    一、开封菜肴名称的修辞手法16-20
        (一) 开封菜肴名称中的积极修辞16-19
        (二) 开封菜肴名称中的消极修辞19-20
    二、开封菜肴名称与开封饮食文化20-24
        (一) 开封菜肴名称反映出开封地区丰富多样的烹调方式和方法20-21
        (二) 开封菜肴的名称反映了开封人对菜肴的色美、味美、形美的追求21-24
第三章 开封菜肴名称与我国的传统文化24-30
    一、开封菜肴名称体现出了中国五行文化24
    二、开封菜肴名称中的原始神话内涵24-26
    三、开封菜肴名称体现了孔子的饮食文化观26-30
        (一) 原料精26-27
        (二) 加工精27
        (三) 刀法精27-28
        (四) 烹饪技艺精28-30
第四章 开封菜肴名称的词汇构成和命名理据30-40
    一、开封菜肴名称的词汇构成分析30-33
        (一) 写实类的30-31
        (二) 写意类的31-33
    二、开封菜肴的命名理据33-40
        (一) 开封菜肴名称的词内理据33-37
        (二) 开封菜肴名称的文化理据37-40
第五章 开封菜肴名称的语言规范40-44
    一、开封菜肴名称中存在的问题40-41
    二、规范开封菜肴名称的一些建议41-44
        (一) 加大菜肴名称宣传力度41
        (二) 提高饮食工作者的语言文字水平,坚决杜绝使用错别字41-42
        (三) 坚持名实相符的命名原则42-44
结论44-46
参考文献46-48
致谢48-49
        下载全文需58


本文地址:

上一篇:清丰方言与体貌相关的几个助词研究
下一篇:确山方言中的几个助动词

分享到: 分享开封菜肴名称的语言文化探析到腾讯微博           收藏
评论排行
公告