生存困境的执着追问

—— 孙频小说论
The Pursuit of Subsistence Predicament

作者: 专业:中国现当代文学 导师:黄书泉 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 安徽大学

Keywords

Sun Pin, survival predicament, Character image, artistic strategy, thought connotation

        从创作之初,孙频就以一种独特的姿态出现在人们的视野中,她始终对人的生存困境执着追问着。在其文学创作中,她从某个具体个体出发,不动声色地观察人的生存状态,对人的生存处境进行深刻的思考,同时,也对人心灵世界中隐秘的情感追根溯源,思考困境背后的根源。因此,本篇论文从孙频具体的创作文本入手,并结合作家访谈与已有的研究,从生存困境叙事这个角度对孙频的作品进行深刻的研究和探讨,期望可以呈现出一个新的研究视角。引言部分主要介绍孙频其人以及对其作品研究的现状,接着阐述研究本篇论文的目的和意义,为本篇论文的展开奠定一个良好的研究基础和背景。第一章重点探讨孙频小说中生存于困境中的人物形象——在贫困中挣扎的农民、匍匐在城市里的边缘人、在人生情爱中困厄的女性以及困惑彷徨的知识分子等。对这些人物形象的刻画,不仅表现了孙频对人的生存困境的执着追问,而且也体现了她对底层民众的深切关注。第二章主要分析孙频小说中生存困境叙事的艺术表现和思想内涵。首先,艺术表现主要从两个部分来分析:一是使用冷峻压抑的意象;二是运用灵活的艺术视角。这些独特的艺术方式的运用,让孙频小说中的生存困境叙事得以巧妙而灵活地表现出来,达到含蓄深刻的美学效果。其次,其生存困境叙事也包含着深刻的思想内涵即对困境突围的探索、对社会和人性的批判以及对人生存在形而上的哲学思考。因而,其生存困境叙事具有丰富的文学意义和思想价值。第三章主要分析孙频为何会如此执着于生存困境叙事。这一章主要从两方面入手,一是作家的童年经验与生命体验使她无形中选择了为底层民众发声,关注底层人民的生存处境;二是她对其他优秀作家们的文学接受,影响了她的审美意向,让她自觉认同对人的生存困境书写的意义和价值,因而也进一步影响其文学创作。结语部分主要是在前面几个章节的基础上对孙频笔下的生存困境叙事进行总结,分析孙频生存困境叙事在当代文坛上的独特性以及文学价值,同时指出其艺术和思想上的局限性,希望可以更加公正、客观地看待孙频的文学创作。
    From the very beginning of creation,the grandchildren appeared in people’s eyes in a unique attitude,that is,she always persevered on the human existence predicament.Starting from a specific individual,she traced hidden secrets in the spiritual world of human beings,observing the state of existence of human beings quietly,thinking deeply about the living conditions of human beings,observing the life direction of people in distress,and asking questions Common human dilemma.Therefore,this article starts with the text,with writer interviews and existing research,deeply studies and discusses Sun’s works from the perspective of his survival predicament,and hopes to provide a new research perspective.The introductory part mainly introduces the topic of the selection of Sun Pin and her research status,and then elaborates the purpose and significance of this thesis,laying a good foundation and background for this thesis.The first chapter focuses on the character images of surviving Sun Pin’s novels-peasants struggling in poverty,marginalized people in cities,women distressed in life love affair and confused intellectuals.Through the portrayal of these characters,they show the profound concern Sun Pin has of the grass-roots people.The second chapter mainly analyzes the artistic tactics and ideological connotation of the narration of survival dilemma in Sun’s fictions.The art strategy mainly analyzes from two parts:First,the image of the depressing use of the image;second,the flexible use of the art perspective.The use of these unique artistic strategies makes the narration of survivor’s predicament in Sun’s fictions cleverly displayed and achieves the subtle and profound aesthetic effect.Moreover,the narrative of its predicament in existence also contains profound ideological connotations,that is,reflections on predicament,distinct criticism and philosophical inquiry into metaphysical survival.Therefore,the narrative of its survival predicament has rich literary significance and ideological value.The third chapter mainly analyzes why Sun Pin is so obsessed with the narrative of survival predicament.This chapter mainly starts with two aspects.First,the author’s childhood experience and life experience make her choose the bottom voice for the bottom people and pay attention to the living conditions of the bottom people.Second,her acceptance of literature by other excellent writers has influenced her aesthetic intention,allowing her to consciously agree on the meaning and value of writing the human predicament,which further affects her own literary creation.The conclusion is mainly on the basis of the previous chapters,sums up the narration of Survival Predicament under the theme of Sun Pin,analyzes the uniqueness and literary value of the narration of Survival Predicament in the contemporary literary world,at the same time point out its limitation in art and thought it is hoped that we can view Sun’s literary creation more objectively and objectively.
        

生存困境的执着追问

中文摘要3-4
Abstract4-5
引言7-11
第一章 生存困境下的众生相11-25
    第一节 在贫困中挣扎的农民11-14
    第二节 匍匐在城市里的边缘人14-17
    第三节 在人生情爱中困厄的女性17-20
    第四节 困惑彷徨的知识分子20-25
第二章 生存困境叙事的艺术表现和思想内涵25-44
    第一节 独特的艺术表现25-35
    第二节 深厚的思想内涵35-44
第三章 生存困境叙事的成因探析44-52
    第一节 童年经验与成长体验44-47
    第二节 文学接受与审美趋同47-52
结语52-54
参考文献54-57
致谢57-58
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文58
        下载全文需58


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