《清明》(1979-1989)研究

The Study of "Qingming"(1979-1989)

作者: 专业:中国现当代文学 导师:汪杨 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 安徽大学

Keywords

"Qingming", New period, Literature trend of thought, Anhui Literature

        《清明》是在十一届三中全会精神鼓舞下创办的文学期刊,也是新时期文学思潮的实验场地之一,积极参与了“伤痕文学”、“反思文学”、“改革文学”的写作潮流,促进了我国新时期文学的发展。作为安徽本土最具权威的大型纯文学期刊,它是安徽当代文学的风向标,引领了省内文学创作和艺术探索的文艺潮流。它与新时期以来我国当代文学一同成长,是当代文学地域化的重要见证者,同时参与了安徽地区文学的建构,是当代中国文学进程中不可缺失的一环。从全国范围来看,它是新时期内陆地区文学期刊发展的一个缩影,以原生态的方式记录了新时期文学的发展过程。论文研究的主要目的是通过对《清明》(1979-1989)的整体研究,还原期刊的发展史以及由此衍生的文学史。论文主要采取搜集整理史料、文本细读的方式进行研究。绪论部分介绍了研究对象《清明》,并阐释了选择1979-1989年为研究段的原因、该选题的研究现状、论文的研究方法、意义及写作思路。第一章梳理《清明》的新时期。《清明》创刊于新时期初期较为宽松的文学环境中,它的诞生无疑与当时的社会文化背景相关,创刊号确立了刊物“文艺种类齐全、小说为主阵”的基本格局,“中篇小说”不仅是其主推栏目,也成为其日后坚持的编辑风格。80年代末,当《清明》期刊的经济危机初显时,编辑部一方面通过调整定价、缩减版面来降低生产成本,另一面开始与企业合作。第二章探究新时期《清明》的文学面向。栏目是刊物发文的窗口,具有较强的导向性,对刊物整体结构而言至关重要。新时期《清明》以小说为主阵,兼及诗歌、散文、评论等文学体裁,本章主要透过“小说栏目”、“诗歌栏目”、“散文栏目”、“理论栏目”的更迭情况,来探讨新时期《清明》发文比重、选稿倾向及审美风格的变化。第三章分析《清明》对于新时期现实主义文学思潮的参与情况。80年代文学思潮此起彼伏,编辑部对于这些思潮的取舍,可以看出其发文倾向与办刊特色,凸显了刊物的个体风格和审美倾向。在办刊实践中,《清明》较为重视“伤痕文学”、“反思文学”、“改革文学”,这也体现出《清明》重视现实主义的文学作品、坚持“直面现实、反映生活”的发文立场。第四章阐述《清明》与新时期安徽本土文学的互动关系。《清明》是皖籍作家发文的重要园地,培育了一批优秀的文化皖军,推出了新时期安徽文学的新生力量;其举办的文学会议以及设置的文学奖项,丰富了新时期安徽地域文学,推动了本土乃至全国范围的文学创作和文艺思潮的发展。可以说,《清明》的发展史亦是新时期以来安徽文学史的简写本。《清明》作为新时期文学期刊的一个生态样本,透视着我国当代文学的发展。它对于现实主义文学作品的坚守,对安徽文学场域的构建,构成了这一地域期刊的研究价值。梳理《清明》的发生与发展,不仅丰富了当代文学期刊研究,而且可以帮助我们更好地窥探新时期的文学生态。
    "Qingming" is a literary periodical inspired by the spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.It is also one of the experimental venues for literary trends in the new period.It actively participates in the writing of "Scar Literature","Reflective Literature" and "Reform Literature’.It has promoted the development of Chinese literature in the new period.As one of the most authoritative and large-scale purely literary periodical,’Qingming’is considered as the signpost of contemporary literature which leads the trend of literary creation and artistic exploration.It is accompanied by the growth of contemporary Chinese literature since the new period and is an important witness to the regionalization of contemporary literature.It also actively participates in the construction of literature in Anhui and it is an indispensable part in the process of contemporary literature.From a national perspective,it is a microcosm of the development of literary periodicals in the new period.The main purpose of the thesis research is to restore the development history of journals and the literary history through the study of "Qingming"(1979-1989).The paper mainly adopts the ways of collecting and collating historical materials and studying the text carefully.Chapter One combs the new period of "Qingming"."Qingming" was founded at the beginning of the new period literature in a relatively relaxed environment,its birth was undoubtedly related to the social and cultural background,the first issue of established the basis structure of the publication:"containing a variety of art forms but focus on novel".Novella is not only the main push column,but also the main characteristic.In the late 1980s,in the face of a serious economic crisis,the editorial department reduced the production costs by adjusting pricing and reducing the layout.It also started to cooperate with enterprises to ease the economic pressure on the publication.Chapter Two explores the literary orientation of "Qingming" in the new period.This column is the publication window of the publication.It has strong guiding force and is very important to the overall structure of the publication.In the new period,"Qingming" mainly focuses on novels and literary genres such as poetry,prose and commentary.Therefore,this chapter focuses on the changes in "novels","poetry columns","prose columns" and "theoretical columns" to explore the proportion of"Qingming" articles in the new period,the tendency of manuscripts and the changes of aesthetic styles.Chapter Three expounds the intertextual relationship between "Qingming" and the realism literary trend of thoughts in the new period.Literary thoughts in the 1980s came one after another.The editorial office’s choice of these currents of thought shows the tendency of publication and the features of publication,highlighting the individual style and aesthetic tendency of the publication.In the practice of publishing,"Qingming" pays more attention to "Scar Literature","Reflection Literature" and"Reform Literature".It also reflected that "Qingming" emphasizes realistic literary works,and insists on the position of "facing reality,reflecting life".Chapter Four elaborates the interaction between "Qingming" and Anhui local literature in the new period."Qingming" is an important development platform for local writer.With the help of ’Qingming’,the ’ Anhui’s Culture Army’ was established,Which promoting the new force of regional literature in the new period.In addition,the literary conferences and literary awards held by it enriches the new period of Anhui Regional literature has promoted the development of local and even nationwide literary creation and ideological trend of literature and art.It can be said that the history of "Qingming" is also an abbreviated version of Anhui’s history of literature since the new period.As an ecological sample of literary periodicals in the new period,"Qingming"reveals the development of contemporary literature.Its adherence to realistic literary works and dedication to Anhui literature constitute the research value of this periodical.Combing the occurrence and development of "Qingming" not only enriches the study of contemporary literary journals,but also helps us to better explore the literary ecology in the new period.
        

《清明》(1979-1989)研究

摘要3-5
Abstract5-6
绪论9-12
第一章 《清明》的新时期12-23
    第一节 《清明》的创刊背景与创刊号12-15
    第二节 《清明》的编辑风格15-19
    第三节 《清明》的发展危机与刊物策略19-23
第二章 新时期《清明》的文学面向23-31
    第一节 刊物主打的小说栏目23-25
    第二节 流派纷呈的诗歌栏目25-27
    第三节 透视人间百态的散文栏目27-28
    第四节 类型多样的理论栏目28-31
第三章 《清明》与新时期现实主义文学思潮31-42
    第一节 《清明》与“伤痕文学”31-35
    第二节 《清明》与“反思文学”35-37
    第三节 《清明》与“改革文学”37-42
第四章 《清明》与新时期安徽文学场域42-48
    第一节 《清明》与文学皖军42-44
    第二节《清明》的文学活动44-48
结语48-50
参考文献50-53
附录53-94
致谢94-95
攻读硕士学位期间发表的学术论文95
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