蔡居厚诗学批评考论

The Study of Cai Ju-hou’s Poetry Criticism

作者: 专业:文艺学 导师:刘飞 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 安徽大学

Keywords

Cai Ju-hou, poetry criticism, Cai Kuan-fu Poetics, Poetic History

        《蔡宽夫诗话》内容广博、考证详细、评价中肯、见解独到,推崇天然自在、事出己意、日锻月炼之诗,反对造语之病、失题之病、使事之病。考证渊博细致、有理有据,评价不偏不倚、公正得体。历来为诗论家们广泛引用,是宋诗话中较为有价值的一篇。《诗史》虽多讲述诗歌本事,但偶也透露着一丝真知灼见。本文以《蔡宽夫诗话》和《诗史》的作者蔡居厚的诗学批评为研究对象,重在考察蔡居厚其人及从其历代诗歌批评中所抽绎出的诗学批评理论,力求对蔡居厚的诗学思想有一个较为全面的认识。全文共分为三个章节:第一章:蔡居厚其人考。由于学界在《蔡宽夫诗话》作者的问题上至今没有达成共识,故首先对《蔡宽夫诗话》的作者进行考证;其次,结合诗话具体内容对蔡居厚的家世、生平仕宦、思想性格及诗歌创作进行考证,梳理、整合相关资料,以便使蔡居厚人物形象更加丰满,对其诗学批评有更为深刻的认识。第二章:蔡居厚的历代诗歌批评。本章分为三个部分,以时代的先后为序,依次论述蔡居厚的历代诗歌批评。第一部分是蔡居厚的先秦汉魏六朝诗歌批评,主要涉及对诗骚与汉魏古诗、陶渊明、六朝其他诗人的诗歌批评;第二部分是蔡居厚的唐代诗歌批评,主要论述作者对杜甫诗歌的批评、对韩愈、白居易及中唐诸诗人诗歌的批评和对李商隐、司空图及晚唐诸诗人诗歌的批评;第三部分是蔡居厚的宋代中前期诗歌批评,主要论述对王安石、王禹偁和欧阳修诗歌的批评。第三章:蔡居厚的诗学批评观。本章建立在蔡居厚对历代诗歌批评的基础上,提炼出蔡居厚论诗的主要观点:包括“日锻月炼,语工意足”、“天然自在、浑然天成”、“气格高胜、不落窠臼”,此外,蔡居厚对于书论也有自己独到的理解。
    Cai Kuan-fu Poetics has a broad content,detail textual research,pertinent evaluation and unique opinion.It praises highly of nature,trying hard to refine the word and expressing itself exactly.It also opposes to using arbitrary and discretional words,avoids deviation and over-quotation.Its textual research is erudite,meticulous and reasonable.Its evaluation is equitable and appropriate.Cai Kuan-fu Poetics is one of the valuable poetics in the song dynasty which has always been widely quoted by the critics.Poetic History is more about poetry stories,but it also reveals penetrating judgments sometimes.This article takes the author of Cai Kuan-fu Poetics and Poetic History who named Cai Ju-hou as the research object,focusing on himself and his criticism of ancient poetry criticism,in order to make a more comprehensive study of Cai Ju-hou’s poetic thoughts.This article is divided into three chapters:Chapter One:The textual research about Cai Ju-hou.Academic circles haven’t reached an agreement about the author of Cai Kuan-fu Poetics,so first of all,studying on its author.Secondly,studying on Cai Ju-hou’s extraction,lifetime and official career,thought and character,poetic creation,analyzing and integrating related data to make the character of Cai Ju-hou fuller and know profounder about his poetic criticism.Chapter Two:Cai Ju-hou’s poetic criticism in various dynasties.This chapter is divided into three parts which expounds Cai Ju-hou’s poetic criticism in accordance with the order of the times.The first part mainly involves the poetic criticism of the pre-Qin period and the two Han dynasties to the six dynasties.The second part mainly involves the poetic criticism of Tang dynasty.The third part mainly involves the poetic criticism of the early Song dynasty.Chapter Three:The opinion of Cai Ju-hou’s poetry criticism.This chapter is based on Cai Ju-hou’s poetry criticism in various dynasties,concluding three main opinion of Cai Ju-hou’s poetry criticism.In addition,Cai Ju-hou has unique comprehension about calligraphy.
        

蔡居厚诗学批评考论

摘要4-5
Abstract5
引言8-13
    一、研究目的和意义8-9
    二、研究现状综述9-13
第一章 蔡居厚生平著述考13-32
    第一节 《蔡宽夫诗话》作者考13-18
        一、作者为蔡居厚说13-14
        二、作者为蔡肇说14-15
        三、作者为蔡启说15-18
    第二节 蔡居厚的家世、生平仕宦、思想性格及诗歌创作18-32
        一、蔡居厚的家世18-19
        二、蔡居厚的生平仕宦19-23
        三、蔡居厚的思想性格23-27
        四、蔡居厚的诗文创作27-32
第二章 蔡居厚历代诗歌批评32-62
    第一节 蔡居厚的先秦两汉魏晋南北朝诗歌批评32-37
        一、评《诗经》、《楚辞》、汉魏古诗33-34
        二、评陶渊明34-36
        三、评六朝其他诗人36-37
    第二节 蔡居厚的唐代诗歌批评37-53
        一、推崇杜甫37-41
        二、评韩愈、白居易及中唐诸诗人41-49
        三、评李商隐、司空图及晚唐诸诗人49-53
    第三节 蔡居厚的北宋中前期诗歌批评53-62
        一、评王安石54-57
        二、评王禹偁57-58
        三、评欧阳修58-62
第三章 蔡居厚的诗学批评观62-73
    第一节 日锻月炼,语工意足62-65
    第二节 天然自在,浑然天成65-67
    第三节 气格高胜,不落窠臼67-73
结语73-74
参考文献74-82
附录82-93
致谢93-94
攻读学位期间发表的学术论文94
        下载全文需58


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