试论新历史主义视阈中的《亚瑟与乔治》

A Study on Arthur & George from the Perspective of New Historicism

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:袁洪庚 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 兰州大学

Keywords

Arthur & George, New Historicism, plurality of history, subversion and containment, self-fashioning

        《亚瑟与乔治》体现巴恩斯有关历史与文学密不可分的基本立场。尽管针对这部小说中的后现代主义尤其是戏仿已有比较深入的研究,从新历史主义角度对该小说的研究还有待进一步深入。本文从新历史主义视角切入,深入分析新历史主义的主要观点:历史的多元化、颠覆与抑制、自我塑型在《亚瑟与乔治》中是怎样体现的。区别于传统历史主义,新历史主义家通常用复数的、小写的历史以及关于女性的历史取代单数的宏大历史。巴恩斯在《亚瑟与乔治》中强调历史的多样性,重构和重新讲述有色人种和女性的历史,这些历史虽然没有引起广泛的关注,但的确真实发生过,有据可考。同时,本文考察了《亚瑟与乔治》中巴恩斯对司法权力话语的颠覆和抑制,以及他如何刻画边缘人群在外部世界与内心世界不可或缺的相互作用下重构个人身份,阐释历史多元化的意义和展示文学如何彰显历史的文本性。
    Arthur & George embodies Julian Barnes’ basic viewpoint that history and literature are inseparable.Though there have been insightful researches on the novel centering upon postmodern principles,particularly parody,relevant studies from the perspective of New Historicism remains strengthen.The present author approaches the novel in light of New Historicism and analyzes meticulously how new historicist principles—the plurality of history,subversion and containment and self-fashioning are manifested in Arthur & George.Discriminated from traditional historicism,new historicists usually substitute histories and her-stories for grand “History”.Following the suit,Barnes highlights diversity of history,reconstructs and retells women’s and colored people’s histories,supposedly unknown but still inconspicuously traceable in historical records.The present author,examining Barnes’ subversion and containment of judicial power discourse and how he describes marginalized people’s reconstruction of individual identity under the indispensable interaction between the external world and the internal world,elucidates the significance of plurality of history represented in literature as a display of the textuality of history.
        

试论新历史主义视阈中的《亚瑟与乔治》

Acknowledgements6-8
Abstract8
摘要9-10
Introduction10-12
Chapter One Arthur & George and New Historicism12-27
    1.1 Julian Barnes and Arthur & George12-16
    1.2 Literature Review16-19
    1.3 The Overview of New Historicism19-27
Chapter Two Rewriting the Marginalized’s History27-41
    2.1 Overt and Covert Discrimination Against Colored People28-35
    2.2 Conventional and Unconventional Women in Man-Dominated Society…35-41
Chapter Three Subversion and Containment of Judicial Discourse41-52
    3.1 Operation of Judicial Disourse in the Constabulary Investigation41-46
    3.2 Arthur’s and the Public’s Subversion of Judicial Discourse46-48
    3.3 The Home Office’s Containment of Judicial Discourse48-52
Chapter Four Self-fashioning of the Marginalized52-66
    4.1 Arthur: A Modern knight53-55
    4.2 George: A Rationalistic Solicitor55-61
    4.3 New Women’s Self-fashioning61-66
Conclusion66-68
Notes68-71
Bibliography71-74
硕士期间发表论文情况74
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