19世纪欧洲浪漫主义童话的叙述分层结构研究

A Study on the Structure of Narrative Stratification of the European Romantic Fairy Tales in the Nineteenth Century

作者: 专业:中国语言文学 导师:徐行言 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 西南交通大学

Keywords

European Romantic Fairy Tales in the Nineteenth Century, Literary form of Fairy Tales, Narrative Stratification, Narrative Transgression, Narrative Cyclical Transgression

        童话作为一种文学体裁,其从发端到成形,再从民间口述到文人创作,经历了漫长的发展历程。在经历了19世纪的浪漫主义洗礼后,欧洲童话内部出现分化,童话文本的结构、情节以及逻辑逐渐复杂,出现了欧洲童话发展史上民间童话向艺术童话的演变。因此,本文以19世纪欧洲浪漫主义童话为核心,以叙述分层理论与实践为研究切入点,在重访叙述分层理论的同时,将理论系统地应用到19世纪欧洲浪漫主义童话的经典文本中,体会19世纪欧洲浪漫主义童话中叙述分层结构的变化态势。再从叙述分层结构变化角度反观欧洲童话发展史,得出欧洲民间童话在19世纪浪漫主义时期向艺术童话推进并非偶然,而是载体、读者与作者童话文体观变化等因素影响下的必然。叙述分层结构与以上因素的相互作用,促成了欧洲童话文体的演变。本文第一章对19世纪欧洲浪漫主义童话研究现状及叙述分层理论进行梳理,呈现从叙述分层结构角度研究19世纪欧洲浪漫主义时期童话文体变迁的可行性及创新性。本文第二章,首先阐述以《一千零一夜》为代表的阿拉伯民间文学对欧洲文学的影响,其后,对格林童话、豪夫童话、安徒生童话、蒂克童话分别进行解构分析,得出民间童话中的《格林童话》大多采取一个“隐含作者”讲述一个故事的模式,其叙述层次相对较为单一但部分作品已出现叙述分层结构的萌动。霍夫曼、豪夫等人的艺术童话则在创作过程中对叙述手法进行了充分创新,使文本拥有多个叙述层次,充分运用了叙述分层结构。本文第三章,以第二章中文本叙述层次的解剖为基础,对艺术童话中,各叙述层次间发生的相互跨越、回旋跨越情况进行阐释,以期厘清19世纪欧洲浪漫主义童话文本中叙述跨层及回旋跨层结构。本文第四章,建立在叙述分层结构与19世纪浪漫主义童话文本全面统筹分析的基础上,表明叙述分层结构的产生与物质载体的介入、童话文体观的改变息息相关,童话文体观的改变作用于童话创作上,推动了欧洲民间童话向艺术童话发展,而欧洲民间童话向艺术童话发展的一个侧影就是叙述分层结构的运用和丰富。
    As a literary genre,fairy tales have undergone a long development process,from its origin to its formation,from folk narrative to literary composition.After experiencing the 19th-century European Romanticism,internal divisions occurred in European fairy tales: their text structures,plots,and internal logic gradually became complex,resulting in the evolution from folk fairy tales to artistic fairy tales.Therefore,this article takes the European Romantic Fairy Tales in the 19th-Century as the core,the theory and practice of narrative stratification as the starting point.While,revisiting key concepts of narrative stratification theory,these concepts are systematically applied to European Romantic fairy tales in the 19th-Century.In the classic texts,I experienced the changing trend of narrative stratification structure in the 19 th century European romantic fairy tales.I reviewed the development history of European fairy tales from the perspective of narrative stratification structure changes,and concluded that European folk fairy tales promoted to the artistic fairy tales in the romantic period of the 19 th century was not it is inevitable that it is influenced by factors such as the carrier,the audience and the change of the author’s stylistic concept.The above factors promote the development of European folk fairy tales to artistic fairy tales by acting on the narrative stratification structure,and promote the fairy tales in the form of text structure changed differentiated.The introduction,first chapter of this paper,presents the research status and the narration stratification theory of fairy tale of the European Romanticism in 19 th century.Taking narration stratification structure as an cutpoint,It studies the feasibility and innovation of styles changes of fairy tales behind the background of European Romanticism in the 19th-Century.The second chapter firstly elaborates the influence of Arabian folk literature represented by "one thousand and one nights" on European literature.Then,in order of Grimm’s fairy tales,Howe’s fairy tales,Hans Christian Andersen fairy tale,and Aztec fairy tale,It expounds that Grimm’s fairy,one of the folk fairytales,mostly adopt a mode of "implied author" when telling storys.The narrative level is relatively single,but in some works the narrative stratification structure began to germinate.The art fairy tales of Hoffman,Hauff,and others conducted innovation in narrative techniques in the creation process,which enabled the text to have multiple narrative levels and made full use of the narrative stratification structure.The third chapter of this paper,based on the narrative layering of the second chapter,explains the transgression of narrative levels in the artistic fairy tale,in order to clarify the narrative transgression and cyclical transgression structure of the European romantic fairy tale texts in the 19 th century.The fourth chapter of this paper is based on the comprehensive combination of stratification structure and fairytale tests of romanticism in the 19 th century elaborated in the first two chapters,suggesting that the birth of narrative stratification structure has a close relationship with the intervention of material carrier and changes of fairy tale style view.The changes of fairy tale style view affect on the creation of fairy tales,promoting the development of folk fairy tales to art fairy tales and a silhouette of which in Europe is the use of narrative stratification structure.
        

19世纪欧洲浪漫主义童话的叙述分层结构研究

摘要5-7
abstract7-8
第一章 绪论11-22
    1.1 研究对象11-12
    1.2 研究现状12-15
        1.2.1 国外研究背景12-13
        1.2.2 国内研究现状综述13-15
    1.3 叙述分层理论梳理15-17
    1.4 研究思路总述17-20
    1.5 研究方法20-22
第二章 19世纪欧洲浪漫主义童话的叙述分层结构22-48
    2.1 《一千零一夜》对叙述分层结构形成的影响22-23
    2.2 格林童话中叙述分层结构的萌动23-29
        2.2.1 魏以新译本:叙述框架的无意变换和叙述层次的有意省略24-27
        2.2.2 杨武能译本:因“我”而起的新框架与并行不悖的单一性27-29
    2.3 豪夫对叙述分层结构的典型套用29-35
        2.3.1 以框架为基础的叙述分层形式30-34
        2.3.2 主叙述层次判定的相对性34-35
    2.4 叙述者导向下《安徒生童话》中的叙述分层结构分类35-43
        2.4.1 叙述者隐身式叙述分层结构37-39
        2.4.2 叙述者显身式叙述分层结构39-42
        2.4.3 双层叙述者式叙述分层结构42-43
    2.5 蒂克童话中叙述分层结构的灵活妙用43-48
        2.5.1 《金发的埃克伯特》:叙述分层与神秘主义44-46
        2.5.2 《穿靴子的猫》:叙述分层与剧中剧46-48
第三章 19世纪欧洲浪漫主义童话中的“阿拉贝斯克”式叙述结构48-64
    3.1 “阿拉贝斯克”式叙述结构48-49
    3.2 叙述跨层:方向的二重性49-59
        3.2.1 方向二重性:上层侵入下层50-54
        3.2.2 方向二重性:下层侵入上层54-59
            3.2.2.1 下层侵入上层的常规形式55-56
            3.2.2.2 下层侵入上层的特殊形式——局部性层次升级56-59
    3.3 回旋跨层:基于叙述分层基础上的层次复杂化59-64
第四章 叙述分层结构在童话文体中的审美功用和发生学机制64-79
    4.1 童话文体中叙述分层结构的审美功用64-66
    4.2 童话文本载体与叙述分层结构66-70
    4.3 童话文体观改变与叙述分层结构70-79
        4.3.1 读者角度的童话文体观改变与叙述分层结构70-73
        4.3.2 作者角度的童话文体观改变与叙述分层结构73-79
第五章 结语79-81
致谢81-82
参考文献82-87
攻读硕士学位期间发表的学术论文87
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