The Girl Who Walked on Air’s Inheritance of and Deviation from the Victorian Bildungsroman

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:王庆勇 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 天津理工大学


Bildungsroman, The Girl Who Walked on Air, inheritance, deviation, comparison

    Emma Carroll is an English teacher of middle school in Somerset.She has graduated with honors from Bath Spa University’s MA in Writing For Young People.At the same time,Emma Carroll is a great British writer for children.Being an English teacher has helped her to learn children’s reading habits.The Girl Who Walked on Air(abbreviated as The Girl)is Emma’s second work,describing the story of a little girl Louie who has grown up in a circus and pursues her dream with persistence and endeavor.The novel has been nominated for the 2015 Carnegie Medal.The Girl has been published in July 2014.So far,little research has been done about this novel in China.Professor Wang Qingyong is the first to translate the novel into Chinese.And in June 2016,the Chinese translation is published in China.After its publication,the novel gradually attracts attention from readers and critics.This paper will start from the perspective of Bildungsroman,and analyze The Girl’s inheritance of and deviation from the Victorian Bildungsroman in comparison with three representative works of Victorian Bildungsroman(Tess of the D’Urbervilles,Oliver Twist,The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn),with the aim to help readers have a better and deep understanding of the novel.The thesis consists of four parts.The introduction part mainly introduces the author Emma Carroll and her work The Girl,and the research status of the novel both at home and abroad.What’s more,this part will explain what the Bildungroman is as well as the relationship between The Girl and Bildungsroman.The introduction part paves the way for the whole paper,and reviews the development of Bildungsroman,expounding the connotation and traditional narrative mode of Bildungsroman.The paper believes that The Girl conforms to the traditional narrative pattern of Bildungsroman: the young protagonist leaves his/her home to a strange place.Suffered from various difficulties and hardships,the protagonist gradually becomes maturer and braver.The second part explores the novel’s inheritance of the traditional Bildungsroman,mainly from five aspects: 1)the inheritance of traditional narrative mode: the growth process of Louie conformed to the traditional narrative pattern of Bildungsroman: innocence—temptation—leaving home—confusion—ordeal—loss of innocence—epiphany—recognition of life and identity;2)the inheritance of individual and social identity seeking: Louie left homeland in order to find her proper place in the society and obtained her freedom and recognition;3)the inheritance of the expression of feminism: both Louie and her mother were controlled and oppressed by men under the patriarchal society;4)the inheritance of the contrast between the positive and negative characters: the different personalities of Mr Chipchase and Mr Wellbeloved shaped an obvious contrast,both of them had played an important part in Louie’s growth;5)the inheritance of the description and criticism of realism: capitalism developed rapidly in the Victorian period,and the gap between the rich and the poor was great.The descriptions of circus’ s performers revealed their hardship and poverty in daily life.The third part explores the novel’s deviation from the traditional Bildungsroman,for example: 1)the deviation from narrative structure: the protagonists in traditional Bildungsroman were always forced to flee by the circumstance,but Louie left her homeland on her own will in order to pursue her dream;2)the deviation from woman’s identity: in the patriarchal society,women were regarded as the accessories of men,but Louie bravely challenged and won her equality with male performers;3)the deviation from self-construction: the traditional protagonists were always helped by one or more kind people,Louie was different from them,she kept independent in the way of growth all the time;4)the deviation from language style: in traditional Bildungsroman,authors used acrid and ironic words to depict lower class’ s poor life.The Girl kept easy and comprehensible sentences to show poor conditions in that period;5)the deviation from theme expression: this novel had little words to criticize and satirize the social reality but attached great importance to the status of the dream,emphasizing the theme of the persistence of dream.The fourth part summarizes the whole paper.On the one hand,The Girl is a typical Bildungsroman,it conforms to the traditional narrative mode of Bildungsroman.On the other hand,The Girl is different from the traditional Bildungsroman,it has unique modern characteristics.The novel is easily understood,and every plot is closely connected.The novel deviates on the basis of the tradition,and it also expresses the tradition in the deviation.With the unique charm,the novel deeply attracts the readers.


Chapter One Introduction10-16
    1.1 Emma Carroll and The Girl10-11
    1.2 Literature Review both at Home and Abroad11-13
    1.3 Bildungsroman and The Girl13-15
        1.3.1 Origin and Development of Bildungsroman13-14
        1.3.2 The Girl and Bildungsroman14-15
    1.4 The Purpose of the Study15-16
Chapter Two The Girl’s Inheritance of the Victorian Bildungsroman16-34
    2.1 The Representative Works of Victorian Bildungsroman16-17
    2.2 The Girl’s Inheritance17-34
        2.2.1 Inheritance of Traditional Narrative Pattern18-20
        2.2.2 Inheritance of the Theme of Seeking Personal and Social Identity20-23
        2.2.3 Inheritance of the Expression of Feminism23-27
        2.2.4 Inheritance of Contrast Method Between Positive and Negative Characters27-30
        2.2.5 Inheritance of the Criticism of Realism30-34
Chapter Three The Girl’s Deviation from the Victorian Bildungsroman34-47
    3.1 Narrative Pattern Deviation: from the Protagonists’ Being Forced to Their Bravely Pursuing the Dream34-36
    3.2 Female Identity Deviation: from the Accessories to Being Equal with Men36-38
    3.3 Self-construction Deviation: from Being Helped to Growing up Independently38-40
    3.4 Language Style Deviation: from Being Ironic to Being Simple and Comprehensible40-43
    3.5 Thematic Expression Deviation: Focusing Mainly on the Persistence of Dream43-47



分享到: 分享《走钢丝的女孩》对维多利亚时期成长小说的继承与创新到腾讯微博           收藏