后殖民视角下汤亭亭心路历程研究

—— 在《女勇士》、《中国佬》、《孙行者》中的体现
A Study of Maxine Hong Kingston’s Psychological Journey from the Perspective of Post-Colonialism

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:葛文婕 年度:2018 学位:硕士  院校: 天津理工大学

Keywords

Maxine Hong Kingston, Post-Colonialism, Chinese American, Psychological Journey

        美国华裔女作家汤亭亭作为美国华裔作家中的佼佼者,近年来备受关注。其作品在美国文坛中也有不可忽视的影响力,她的作品《女勇士》、《中国佬》、《孙行者》均获得了美国文学领域的奖项。这三部作品中反映了生活在美国白人主流社会中的美国华裔所面临的来自性别、种族、文化认同等方面的困扰。而后殖民主义理论正是强调西方世界对第三世界国家以及殖民地国家的文化侵略、知识渗透、语言控制以及文化霸权的一种具有强烈政治性和文化批判色彩的学术理论。由于作者汤亭亭华裔美国人的身份和其作品中所写到的美国华裔面临的困境,运用后殖民理论可以更好地研究汤亭亭作品中的深意。近年来,用该理论分析汤亭亭作品的学术成果并不少见,但将其前后三部作品进行分析,从而进一步分析得出随着时间的推移,汤亭亭内心的挣扎与成长的研究成果寥寥。因此,本文将从后殖民主义理论视角对汤亭亭前后三部主要作品进行分析研究,以探究汤亭亭写作过程中的心路历程。本文从以下几个部分进行论述:首先,对汤亭亭及其主要作品《女勇士》、《中国佬》、《孙行者:他的伪书》进行了简要介绍,对汤亭亭三部作品前人的研究进行综述,并阐明了本文的选题背景与研究意义。其次,对后殖民主义理论及该理论中的东方主义、后殖民女性主义、混杂性理论进行综述。再次,在后殖民主义视角下分别分析汤亭亭的三部作品,以得出她在不同时期作品中所反映出的内心状态。对《女勇士》进行后殖民女性主义视角下的研究,对无名女子、花木兰、蔡琰进行分析,得出汤亭亭在该作品中的内心历程。对《中国佬》进行东方主义视角下的分析,对中西方社会对东方男性的刻板印象、美国华裔在美的反“他者化”斗争以及美国华裔男性形象的重新树立进行研究,得出汤亭亭与之前不同的内心状态。对《孙行者:他的伪书》进行混杂理论视角下的分析,对生活在美国主流文化下的主人公所面临的华裔身份危机、多重困境下华裔对自身身份的探求以及重建进行研究,得出汤亭亭新的心路历程。最后,将汤亭亭在不同时期的作品中所展现的心路历程进行总结,进一步分析,得出随着时间的推移作者总的内心历程走向。
    As one of the most outstanding Chinese American writers,Maxine Hong Kingston attracts great attention in recent years.Her works have a profound impact on the American literary world.Her masterworks The Woman Warrior(1976),China Men(1981),and Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book(1990)received many literary awards.These three works reflect the sexuality,race and cultural identity predicament that Chinese Americans have to face.Post-Colonialism theory emphasizes the cultural invasion,knowledge penetration,language control,and culture hegemony that western world saddles on the third world counties and colonies.It is an academic theory of intensely political nature and literary critical nature.Because of Kingston’s Chinese American identity and the predicament of Chinese Americans mentioned in her works,Post-Colonialism theory is a good perspective to analyze her works.For years,Post-colonialism researches on Kingston’s works are fruitful.But,there are few achievements that study Kingston’s inner struggle and growth in chronological order by analyzing her works of different periods respectively.Therefore,to explore Kingston’s psychological journey,the thesis analyzes her three works of different periods from the perspective of Post-Colonialism.This thesis is divided into the following parts:Firstly,brief introductions to Maxine Hong Kingston and her three masterworks are given.The previous researches of Kingston’s three masterworks are also reviewed.Also,it expounds the background and significance of this thesis.Secondly,the thesis reviews the Post-Colonialism theory and its branch theories Orientalism,Post-Colonial Feminism Theory and Hybridity Theory.Thirdly,the thesis analyzes Kingston’s three works from the perspective of Post-Colonialism and finds out her inner state reflected in her works of different periods.To explore Maxine Hong Kingston’s psychological journey,the thesis gives Post-Colonial Feminism analysis of No Name Woman,Hua Mulan,Ta’ai Yen in The Woman Warrior;Orientalism analysis of Chinese American males stereotyped image,their revolt against being treated as “the other”,and their image rebuilding in China Men;and the Hybridity analysis of Chinese American identity crisis,exploration and reconstruction in Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book.Finally,the conclusion of Kingston’s psychological journey reflected in her works of different periods is given.It further analyzes the trend of her inner changes as time goes on.
        

后殖民视角下汤亭亭心路历程研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5
Chapter 1 Introduction7-16
    1.1 An Introduction to Maxine Hong Kingston7-8
    1.2 An Introduction to The Woman Warrior, China Men, and Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book8-11
    1.3 Literature Review11-13
        1.3.1 Research at Home11-12
        1.3.2 Research Abroad12-13
    1.4 The Purpose and Significance of the Thesis13-16
Chapter 2 The Theory of Post-Colonialism16-20
    2.1 An Introduction to Post-Colonialism16-17
    2.2 Important Concepts of Post-Colonialism17-20
        2.2.1 Edward W. Said: Orientalism17-18
        2.2.2 Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak: The Post-Colonial Feminism Theory18
        2.2.3 Homi K. Bhabha: The Hybridity18-20
Chapter 3 The Woman Warrior—Revolt of Women from Silence to Voicing20-30
    3.1 Silent Revolting — No Name Aunt20-22
    3.2 Revolt in Imagination— Hua Mulan22-25
    3.3 Break of Silence— Ta’ai Yen25-28
    3.4 Maxine Hong Kingston’s Psychological Journey in The Woman Warrior28-30
Chapter 4 China Men— Yell Across Gender30-39
    4.1 Stereotype of Chinese Males30-34
    4.2 The Fight Against the Stereotype of Chinese American Males34-36
    4.3 Image Rebuilding of Chinese Males36-37
    4.4 Maxine Hong Kingston’s Psychological Journey in China Men37-39
Chapter 5 Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book— Exploration of Chinese American Identity39-50
    5.1 Chinese American Identity Crisis in the American Mainstream Culture39-42
    5.2 Exploration of Chinese American Identity in the Cultural Dilemma42-46
    5.3 Chinese American Identity Reconstruction in the Multiculture46-48
    5.4 Maxine Hong Kingston’s Psychological Journey in Tripmaster Monkey: His Fake Book48-50
Chapter 6 Conclusion50-53
Bibliography53-55
发表论文和科研情况说明55-56
Acknowledgements56
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