人力资本对农村家庭贫困的影响研究

Study on the Influence of Human Capital on Rural Family Poverty

作者: 专业:社会学 导师:阙祥才 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 华中农业大学

Keywords

human capital, family poverty, rural areas

        贫困问题是全球性的社会现象,被联合国列为社会发展问题三大主题之首,也是长期困扰中国的重大社会问题,严重制约了中国经济和社会发展。其中,农村贫困人口众多,原因复杂、反贫难度大。深入研究农村家庭贫困、竭力推动反贫进程,对于促进农民全面自由发展和推动社会主义新农村建设意义重大。本研究立足于个人本位取向,从人力资本的角度解读农村家庭贫困。研究采用社会学的方法对人力资本概念进行操作化处理,以实证研究的方式,以家庭为分析单位,通过对湖北省秭归县农村贫困家庭与非贫困家庭的比较,从微观层面探讨社会转型背景下农村劳动者人力资本对其家庭贫困的影响。研究运用社会统计技术对问卷调查资料进行处理分析,并辅以个案访谈资料进行说明,从知识、技能、健康、迁移能力和思想观念等五个方面展开分析和论述,得出农村劳动者人力资本存量低下是导致其家庭贫困的重要原因的结论。研究认为,知识存量影响着劳动者对劳动环境、劳动工具、劳动对象及各要素互动过程的解读能力,技能存量则反映了劳动者在实践中改造劳动对象的能力,健康存量解决劳动者参与生产劳动的时间问题,迁移能力存量则解决劳动者参与生产劳动的空间问题,思想观念存量决定了劳动者主观能动性的发挥,它们共同合成劳动者的劳动能力,对劳动者的经济状况发生作用,从而影响劳动者所在家庭走向贫困的可能性。论文据此提出,应将增加人力资本投资作为解决农村贫困问题的根本途径,动员劳动者本人、政府部门和社会组织面向农村劳动者加强对其知识、技能、健康、迁移能力和思想观念等人力资本的投资。
    Poverty is a global social phenomenon, which is considered as the chief issue of the three social development problems by the United Nations. It’s a major social issue plaguing china for a long time and hampering economic and social development seriously. There are legion people in poverty especially in rural china which caused by complex reasons and difficult to change. It is significant to study the rural household poverty deeply and strive to promote the anti-poverty process for the promotion of peasants’free and full development and the acceleration of building the new socialist countryside.Based on the individual origin approach, this study analyses the rural family poverty from a human capital perspective. It operates the concept of human capital using one of the sociology methods. It compares the households’conditions in Zigui County of Hubei Province which are poor or not, as an empirical research analyzed by the unit of family, and study the influence of rural labors’human capital on their family poverty from the microcosmic view in the context of social transformation.The thesis is discussed in five aspects by analyzing the survey data from the questionnaires using the social statistics technology and explaining the case data from the deep interviews. It makes the conclusion that the stock of the rural labors’human capital including knowledge, skills, health, the ability of migration and ideas has an important influence on his family poverty in rural areas in China.The Study expound that the stock of knowledge reflecting the labors’ability of comprehension about the working environment, tools, objects and the process of interaction between each elements, the stock of skills which representing the labors’ ability of transforming the objects in laboring, the stock of health which is the determining factor of the laboring time, the stock of the ability of migration which is the decisive factor of the laboring space, and the stock of the ideas which influence the subjective initiative activeness synthesizes the quality of labor which affects the possibility of the labors walk up to poverty.According to the study, this article considers that increasing the investment in human capital is the fundamental way to resolve the problem of poverty. It is essential to enhance the stock of knowledge, skills, health, the ability of migration and ideas for the labors in rural areas in China accelerated by themselves, the government and the social organizations.
        

人力资本对农村家庭贫困的影响研究

摘要6-7
Abstract7-8
1 绪论9-25
    1.1 问题的提出9
    1.2 选题的目的与意义9-10
    1.3 国内外研究综述10-21
        1.3.1 关于贫困的研究10-16
        1.3.2 关于人力资本概念的研究16-18
        1.3.3 关于人力资本与农民收入的研究18-21
    1.4 研究设计21-25
        1.4.1 理论依据21-22
        1.4.2 研究思路与内容22-23
        1.4.3 研究假设23
        1.4.4 研究方法23-24
        1.4.5 核心概念界定24
        1.4.6 研究的可能创新点24-25
2 调查区域概况及样本特征25-28
    2.1 调查区域简介25
    2.2 调查样本特征25-28
3 知识存量对农村家庭贫困的影响28-34
    3.1 知识型人力资本概述28-29
    3.2 实证调查结果及分析29-33
    3.3 研究小结33-34
4 技能存量对农村家庭贫困的影响34-40
    4.1 技能型人力资本概述34-35
    4.2 实证调查结果及分析35-39
    4.3 研究小结39-40
5 健康存量对农村家庭贫困的影响40-47
    5.1 健康型人力资本概述40
    5.2 实证调查结果及分析40-46
    5.3 研究小结46-47
6 迁移能力存量对农村家庭贫困的影响47-53
    6.1 迁移能力型人力资本概述47
    6.2 实证调查结果及分析47-51
    6.3 研究小结51-53
7 思想观念存量对农村家庭贫困的影响53-60
    7.1 思想观念型人力资本概述53-54
    7.2 实证调查结果及分析54-59
    7.3 研究小结59-60
8 结论与建议60-64
    8.1 研究结论60-61
    8.2 讨论61-62
    8.3 对策建议62-63
    8.4 研究不足63-64
参考文献64-68
附录168-72
附录272-73
致谢73
        


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