我国强制戒毒模式的发展与创新

—— 从劳动教养到强制隔离的转型
China’s Compulsory Treatment Model of Development and Innovation

作者: 专业:公共管理 导师:刘厚金 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 华东政法大学

Keywords

Detention, forced isolation, Drug, Transformation

        《禁毒法》产生前,我国实行劳动教养戒毒和公安强制戒毒两种强制戒毒模式并举的做法。长期以来,两种强制戒毒模式发挥着各自的优势,相互补充、相辅相成,为社会禁毒戒毒事业作出了贡献。但是,由于执行体制与矫治方法的发展途径不一致、适用对象法律依据不充分、部门利益冲突等各种原因,两种模式戒毒矫治效果已落后于时代发展的脉搏,并产生了部分不良社会影响。2008年6月1日,我国第一部全面规范禁毒和戒毒工作的法律《中华人民共和国禁毒法》正式施行,以法律形式废止了原有的劳动教养戒毒和公安强制戒毒,推行全新的强制隔离戒毒模式,这些举措重构了戒毒体系。本文的基本框架就是围绕强制隔离戒毒模式展开的:着重探寻在法律没有明确规定的情况下,强制隔离戒毒模式如何在劳教戒毒模式基础上一步步建立起来,并试图解决一些发展上的基本问题,如基于劳教模式建立的强制隔离戒毒模式在实践中如何运行,它的管理体制和机制如何,它哪些具有的特殊性和优越性,它今后的发展出路和前景如何等等。强制隔离戒毒模式从立法上的酝酿、论证、博弈、采纳,从实践上的试点、发展、完善、成熟,经历了数年的过程,劳教场所承担强制隔离戒毒职能有效地体现了强制隔离戒毒“帮助吸毒人员戒除毒瘾,教育和挽救吸毒人员”的基本宗旨,在工作理念、工作期限、基本工作方法上与强制隔离戒毒非常吻合,这充分证明了基于劳教戒毒模式之上建立的强制隔离戒毒模式的科学性和可行性。浙江省强制隔离戒毒工作开展历程是检验强制隔离戒毒模式在实践中收到良好效果的基本映证,笔者从浙江省强制隔离戒毒工作的实际情况与浙江省良渚强制隔离戒毒所(浙江省良渚劳教所)的样本数据入手,剖析了目前强制隔离戒毒的基本运行模式和工作体制机制。强制隔离戒毒毕竟不是劳教戒毒的简单更名,在执行模式、等级设置、工作重点等方面都有自己特定的要求。它把“劳教戒毒”从普通劳动教养中分离出来,在劳教场所内开辟强制隔离戒毒区域,改革为一种完全意义上的“强制隔离戒毒”措施,淡化其处罚色彩,进一步强调进行心理脱毒和不良行为矫治。它传递出来的立法意义与法律内在的价值追求,体现了“以人为本”的宪政理念,凸显了文明发展的进步气质,彰显着合法性、人本性、科学性和社会性。它发挥自身独特的工作职能优势,运用独到的工作方法,更加注重戒毒人员的人文关怀、法律保障、权利维护,不断增强戒毒矫治的实际效果。强制隔离戒毒模式的前景非常广阔,它具有以往强制戒毒模式无可比拟的优势。为了能够让它在戒毒的舞台上用其导向性地位发挥全方位的优势,今后的工作开展要注重配套法律与细则的颁布实施,进一步以法律的形式设置各部门的职能职责和工作权限,重视劳教戒毒向强制隔离戒毒的理念及工作方式的转变,在经费保障、队伍建设、工作制度配套等多方面支持劳教场所开展工作,同时在外界宣传、研究和康复等阶段给予积极配合,强制隔离戒毒一定会在国家禁毒戒毒事业中创造出更大的贡献。
    " Anti-drug Law " before, China’s reeducation through labor to implement a mandatory drug treatment and police enforcement modalities simultaneously two kinds of practice, both models have long played their respective strengths, complementary and mutually reinforcing for the community contribution to the cause of the drug. However, due to implementation of the system and the development of means of treatment methods are inconsistent, inadequate legal basis for the object, departments, conflict of interest for various reasons, correcting effect of two modes to play has been overtaken by the pulse of the times, while producing some adverse social effects . June 1, 2008, China’s first comprehensive anti-drug norms and drug laws work, "The People’s Republic of China Anti-drug Law" officially went into effect, to repeal the original legal form of labor re-education compulsory drug treatment and public security, issued a new mandatory modalities in isolation, these initiatives reconstruct detoxification system.The basic framework of this article is to expand around the forced isolation modalities: focus on exploring in the law does not specify where the compulsory segregation model of how the drug treatment modalities at the detention on the basis of a step by step set up, and try to resolve some of the development’s basic problems, such as the compulsory re-education model is built based on the isolation modalities in how to run in practice, it’s how the management system and operational mechanism, which has its particularity and superiority.Modalities in forced isolation from the legislative gestation, demonstration, game, from the practice of the pilot, development, maturity, experience a few years the process of reeducation through labor centers assume the functions of forced isolation and effective drug treatment reflects the forced isolation "to help drug addicts kick the drug addiction, education, and to save drug addicts, "the basic purpose of the work ethic, work duration, and basic working methods, isolation and compulsory treatment striking convergence, which fully proved that detention based on a compulsory drug treatment modalities on the establishment of modalities in the scientific nature of isolation and feasibility. Zhejiang Province, to carry out rehabilitation work forced isolation to test whether this pattern of forced isolation treatment received good results in practice the most basic proof, the author forced isolation from Zhejiang Province, the actual situation of rehabilitation work and Zhejiang Liangzhu compulsory isolation of the sample data Addiction Treatment Center start with analyzing the current treatment of forced isolation mode of operation and work of institutional mechanisms. Isolation is not a re-education compulsory drug treatment, after all, a simple name change, in the execution mode, class settings, focus, etc. have their own specific requirements. It is the "re-education detoxification" from ordinary labor camp in the separated areas can be set up at the detention forced isolation treatment area, and reform as a full sense of the "mandatory quarantine treatment" measures, to water down its punishment color, greater emphasis on psychological detoxification , and correcting bad behavior. It passed out of legislative significance and legal pursuit of intrinsic value, the concept of "people-oriented" the constitutional concept, highlighting the progress of civilization and the development of temperament reveals the legality, human nature, scientific and social. It plays its own unique advantages of job functions, using unique methods of work, greater emphasis on drug treatment personnel, humanistic care, legal protection, the right to maintain and constantly enhance the practical effect of drug correction.The prospect of forced isolation modalities are very broad, it has in the past forced drug treatment modalities incomparable advantages. To carry out future work should pay attention to supporting the implementation of laws and rules promulgated to further the form of law the obligation to set the functions of various departments and work rights, emphasis on education through labor drug treatment model to the concept of forced isolation and work to change the way of funds, security, team construction, work systems and many other ancillary support the work of reeducation through labor centers, while the outside advocacy, research and rehabilitation phases to cooperate, forced isolation at the national drug treatment drug will make new contributions to the cause.
        

我国强制戒毒模式的发展与创新

摘要4-6
Abstract6-8
导言12-13
第一章 我国强制戒毒模式的变迁13-20
    第一节 《禁毒法》施行前我国采用的基本戒毒模式13-17
        一、劳教戒毒13-14
        二、公安强制戒毒14-16
        三、自愿戒毒16-17
    第二节 强制隔离戒毒模式的立法过程17-19
    第三节 强制隔离戒毒模式的实践过程19-20
第二章 从劳动教养转向强制隔离的可行性分析20-23
    第一节 公安强制戒毒模式先天不足20-21
    第二节 自愿戒毒模式改制难度大21
    第三节 劳教戒毒模式承担职能存在多方优势21-23
        一、两者工作期限基本一致22
        二、两者工作理念基本一致22
        三、两者工作方法制度等基本一致22-23
第三章 强制隔离戒毒的实践与运作模式23-31
    第一节 浙江省的工作开展情况23-24
    第二节 以某所为单位进行强戒人员基本情况与特征分析24-26
        一、呈现低龄化趋势25
        二、文化程度普遍很低25
        三、心理不健康25-26
        四、社会责任缺失26
        五、家庭亲情与伦理淡漠26
        六、对毒品存在认知误区26
    第三节 工作模式26-29
        一、基本目标26-27
        二、运作条件27-28
        三、管理特征28-29
        四、等级设置29
    第四节 以心理教育矫治为核心的工作机制29-31
        一、以素质教育为中心提高强戒人员适应能力30
        二、以文化理念为载体提高强戒人员综合素质30-31
        三、以增强防控能力为目标提高强戒人员认知水平31
第四章 现行强制隔离戒毒模式的优势分析31-37
    第一节 理念上的进步特征31-33
        一、强制戒治的合法性32
        二、专业戒治的科学性32
        三、开放戒治的社会性32-33
    第二节 注重强戒人员的权利保障33-35
        一、严格限定强戒人员范围33-34
        二、严格设置决定程序、通知程序和权利救济程序34
        三、法律保障强戒人员相应的人道待遇34-35
    第三节 三大主要工作优势35-37
        一、以医疗保护为基础35
        二、以心理康复为中心35-36
        三、以科学评估为标准36-37
第五章 制约强制隔离戒毒工作开展的因素分析37-41
    第一节 制度衔接上的因素37-39
        一、《禁毒法》配套政策法规滞后37-38
        二、执法过程不统一38-39
        三、其他戒毒机构各自为政39
    第二节 具体工作中的因素39-40
    第三节 其他方面的因素40-41
        一、外界环境负面影响40-41
        二、医疗及戒毒科学研究水平落后41
第六章 完善强制隔离戒毒模式的对策与建议41-47
    第一节 统一划分职责权限,支持司法行政履行职能41-42
        一、明确劳教场所的工作主体地位41-42
        二、强化公安禁毒职权的同时规范审批职权42
        三、整合其他行政部门职能资源42
    第二节 拓展工作思路,健全创新工作机制42-44
        一、迅速完成角色转换和观念更新42-43
        二、针对心理毒瘾大力倡导场所戒治文化43-44
        三、优化强制隔离戒毒工作方式方法44
    第三节 加强场所外禁毒的宣传、协作、研究等工作44-47
        一、通过深层次宣传教育增强公民禁毒意识44-45
        二、广泛动员,加强社会各方联合协作45-46
        三、开展康复医学等新兴领域的戒毒研究46-47
参考文献47-50
在读期间发表的学术论文与研究成果50-51
        下载全文需10


本文地址:

上一篇:我国非营利基金会发展模式探讨
下一篇:上海“两个中心”建设视野下的海关服务体系构建研究

分享到: 分享我国强制戒毒模式的发展与创新到腾讯微博           收藏
评论排行
公告