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新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划研究

The Study on the Planning of the Landscape of the Rural Park on the Background of New Socialist Countryside Construction

作者: 专业:园林植物与观赏园艺 导师:郭先锋 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 山东农业大学

Keywords

rural Park, the new rural construction, landscape planning

        随着新农村建设的步伐日益加快,城乡一体化、乡村现代化正在迅速改变着乡村原有的景观风貌,与此同时,乡村的发展也正面临着景观、生态与文化的三重危机。然而,在这种背景下,乡村公园这种集休闲娱乐、游憩健身、美化环境于一体的公园模式得到了新农村建设的广泛青睐。目前,由于缺乏体系化的乡村公园建设理论作为宏观指导,新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观建设出现了一系列的问题,阻碍了乡村生态文明建设的步伐,影响了新农村建设政策的落实。这就要求我们,在建设社会主义新农村的背景下,多角度的探讨乡村公园景观规划的思路,总结归纳出较为完善的乡村公园景观评价体系,建立起较为先进的乡村公园景观规划理论框架,力求卓有成效的指导乡村公园的景观建设,以建设出更为广泛的适合于我国新农村建设的乡村公园景观。论文在阐述新农村、乡村公园等一系列概念和对新农村建设背景下的乡村公园界定的基础上,探讨了新农村建设背景下乡村公园景观的表征与内涵,并对中外关于乡村公园景观规划理论的研究与发展作了简要回顾,并重点关注了景观资源评价理论、绿地景观规划理论、公园景观规划理论和新农村景观规划理论。在总结已有的景观规划理论和方法的基础上,针对新农村建设背景下乡村公园的特殊性,通过现场调查、随机采访、成功案例分析等方式,以对文化实体景观、自然环境景观和人文精神景观三方面的研究作为探讨新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划研究的新思路,总结归纳出了新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观资源评价体系,并将评价结果作为乡村公园景观规划的本底,创新性的提出了以空间、生态和文化作为切入点,来探讨以新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划理论内容,从宏观、中观和微观三个层面,按照宏观构架、中观落实、微观深化的思路构建乡村公园景观规划理论体系框架。新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划是一项实践性很强的技术,论文以招远市阜山镇吕家村公园景观规划为实例,结合新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观资源评价体系的评价标准和新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划理论的指导思想、规划理念,具体落实规划布局,图文并茂地探讨了新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划,指导了招远市阜山镇吕家村公园的景观规划实践。
    Follows the new socialist countryside construction step to speed up day by day, the combination of city and country as well as modernization of villages, are changing the rural original landscape style rapidly. At the same time, the rural landscape are facing the landscape, ecology and the cultural dual crises. However, in this context, the rural park, the park model which is a set of entertainment, recreation and gym, landscaping has been widely favored by the construction of new countryside. Currently, on account for the lack of systematic theory of the building as a rural park construction guide, under the context of the construction of new country, the rural landscape building of the village park yields a series of issues that hinder the pace of rural ecological civilization construction and affects the implementation of new rural development policy. And This requires us, in the context of building a new socialist countryside, talk the rural landscape planning from multiple perspectives, summarize a more comprehensive rural park landscape evaluation system, establish a more advanced landscape planning theory of rural park, seek the guidance of effective construction of rural park landscape in order to build a more extensive rural park landscape that suits the construction of new countryside.The paper, on the basis of summarizing the concept of the new rural areas, rural parks and the definition of the rural park on the background of new rural construction investigates the characterization and content of the landscape of the rural park in the context of the construction of new rural, briefly reviews the research and development of the landscape planning in rural park construction both inboard and abroad, and focuses on the theory of landscape resource assessment, green landscape planning theory, park landscape planning theory and the new rural landscape planning theory. On the foundation of summing up the existing theories and methods of landscape planning, in connection with the specialty.Of the rural park on the background for the construction of new countryside, through on-site survey, random interviews, the analysis of successful case and other methods, takes the landscape of human entity, the natural environment and the landscape cultural spirit as the new thinking to study the landscape planning of the rural park on the background for the construction of new countryside, and summarizes the rural park landscape resources evaluation system on the background for the construction of new countryside, moreover, the evaluation results are taken as a background of rural park landscape planning, the papers put forwards the rural park landscape planning theories at the core of the planning of space, ecological and cultural on the background for the construction of new countryside, from the macro, meso and micro levels, in accordance with the macroeconomic framework, in view of implementation, Construction of micro-deepening ideas Country Park Landscape Planning Theory Framework.The landscape planning of rural park on the background for the construction of new countryside is a technique with strong practicalness, the paper takes the Lvjia village Park landscape planning at Fushan town in the city of Zhaoyuan as an example, in connection with the criteria of the rural park landscape resources evaluation system evaluation and the guiding ideology, planning concept, the actual implementation of the layout of the rural park landscape planning theory on the background for the construction of new countryside, illustrates the landscapes planning of the rural park on the background for the construction of new countryside and guides the practice of landscape planning of Lvjia village at Fushan town in the city of Zhaoyuan.
        

新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划研究

中文摘要8-10
英文摘要10-11
1 绪论12-21
    1.1 研究背景12-13
    1.2 研究的意义和目的13-14
    1.3 国内外相关理论研究和实践概况14-18
        1.3.1 景观规划理论形成阶段14-15
        1.3.2 景观规划理论扩展到城市阶段15-17
        1.3.3 景观规划理论蔓延到乡村阶段17-18
    1.4 研究内容、研究方法及技术路线18-21
        1.4.1 主要研究内容18-19
        1.4.2 主要研究方法19-20
        1.4.3 技术路线20-21
2 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划概述21-32
    2.1 概念辨析和研究对象的界定21-23
        2.1.1 新农村概念辨析21
        2.1.2 乡村公园概念辨析21-23
        2.1.3 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园的界定23
    2.2 景观资源评价理论23-26
    2.3 现代公园景观规划理论26-29
        2.3.1 空间规划理论26
        2.3.2 景观生态理论26-27
        2.3.3 人本主义理论27-28
        2.3.4 可持续发展理论28
        2.3.5 文脉主义理论28-29
    2.4 新农村景观规划理论29-32
3 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观资源评价32-45
    3.1 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观资源研究32-36
        3.1.1 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观资源特征32-34
        3.1.2 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观资源类型34-35
        3.1.3 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观评价体系35-36
    3.2 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观资源评价36-45
        3.2.1 文化实体景观评价36-38
        3.2.2 自然环境景观评价38-40
        3.2.3 人文精神景观评价40-41
        3.2.4 景观资源综合评价41-45
4 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划45-61
    4.1 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划理论框架构建45-46
    4.2 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划宏观层面46-49
        4.2.1 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园空间特征分析46-47
        4.2.2 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园生态系统分析47-48
        4.2.3 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园文化主题提炼48-49
    4.3 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划中观层面49-54
        4.3.1 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观空间规划49-50
        4.3.2 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观结构规划50-52
        4.3.3 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园生态环境规划52-53
        4.3.4 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园文化景观空间场所选择53-54
    4.4 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划微观层面54-60
        4.4.1 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园视线体系规划54-55
        4.4.2 新农村建设背景下的公园道路景观规划55-57
        4.4.3 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园绿化景观规划57-58
        4.4.4 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园文化景观规划58-60
    4.5 新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观规划理论框架与新农村建设背景下的乡村公园景观资源评价体系的对应性60-61
5 实例研究——以山东省招远市阜山镇吕家村公园为例61-77
    5.1 吕家村公园项目概况分析61
    5.2 吕家村公园总体规划理念及规划原则61-63
        5.2.1 总体规划理念61-62
        5.2.2 吕家村公园总体规划原则62-63
    5.3 吕家村公园定位63
        5.3.1 公园性质定位63
        5.3.2 公园形象定位63
    5.4 吕家村公园各功能分区概述63-66
        5.4.1 地方文化特色展示区63-64
        5.4.2 休闲娱乐功能开发区64-65
        5.4.3 乡村特色民俗活动区65
        5.4.4 乡村村民休闲健身区65
        5.4.5 乡村山林观赏游憩区65-66
    5.5 吕家村公园景观规划研究66-73
        5.5.1 吕家村公园景观规划的宏观方面66-67
        5.5.2 吕家村公园景观规划的中观方面67-70
        5.5.3 吕家村公园景观规划的微观方面70-73
    5.6 吕家村公园景观资源评价73-77
        5.6.1 吕家村公园景观资源类型73-74
        5.6.2 吕家村公园景观资源综合评价74-77
6 结论与展望77-80
    6.1 结论77-78
    6.2 讨论78-79
    6.3 展望79-80
参考文献80-86
致谢86-87
附录87-91
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