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采石废弃地的景观恢复规划研究

Research on Landscape Restoration Planning of Wasted Quarrying Area

作者: 专业:园林植物与观赏园艺 导师:丰震 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 山东农业大学

Keywords

wasted quarrying area, landscape reconstruction planning, policy, protection mechanisms

        随着社会经济的不断发展,传统工业的日趋衰退及产业结构的不断调整,我国的工业化和城市化进程在得到迅猛发展之后,留下的是满目疮痍、千疮百孔的大地。曾经为社会的发展和建设作出贡献的采石场,如今也带来了诸如景观的破损、植被的退化消失、生态环境的破坏、环境污染和生物多样性遭到破坏等严重的环境和社会问题。尤其是在我国土地资源日趋紧张的状况下,对采石废弃地的景观重建成为迫在眉睫的问题。目前国内对采石废弃地的生态恢复和景观规划的一些研究和探索性的实践相继出现。但大部分都是从宏观角度对所有废弃地或者工业和矿业废弃地进行景观设计的研究,而对于其中的采石废弃地大多数都是以介绍案例的方式进行探讨的,生态学界则主要进行生态恢复技术方面的研究。与此同时,我们已经采取了关停采石场和控制其规模数量等行政管理措施,不断深入在采石废弃地的生态恢复工程技术方面的研究,在此基础之上更重要的问题是怎样通过景观重建规划把这些采石场由“废地”变为“宝地”?这是一直以来国内外专家们共同关注的焦点,它关系到人们生活质量的提高,关系到经济发展与环境保护的协调,意义重大。因此本论文将以我国的基本国情为出发点,从生态恢复、景观重建以及政策和管理开发模式等更深层面着手,对采石废弃地的类型特征以及其生态恢复和景观重建的基础理论进行重新的梳理和系统的研究,通过对国内外采石废弃地生态恢复和景观更新的成功案例的分析和总结,首次提出采石废弃地景观重建规划的策略—“四步一线法”,即规划原则、规划途径、改造模式、规划措施四步和保障机制—行政措施和开发运营模式对整个规划的一线贯穿,并且以山东省淄博高新区玉皇山生态恢复工程为例,将理论和实践相互论证和渗透,最后对采石废弃地的景观重建提出一些建议,对指导我国采石废弃地的综合治理具有一定的理论和实践意义。
    With the development of social economy, declination of traditional industries and adjustment of industrial structure, our country industrialization and urbanization has been rapid developed.However,our land had suffered serious damage. The quarry industry that did great contributiveness for the community development and construction, also brought serious problems about circumstance and society. As the sight disrepair, the vegetation was degenerated and disappeared, the animal habitat,destroyed, environment polluted, biodiversity destroyed and so on. Especially in the situation of increasingly scarce land resources in China, it is imperative to take landscape reconstruction planning for wasted quarrying area.Currently some researches and exploratory practices on ecological reconstruction and landscape planning of wasted quarrying area have appeared in our country. However ,most are opposite to researches on landscape planning of all waste or industrial waste and mine land from the macro point of view. Most of the wasted quarrying area are probed by the way of introducing cases. And ecologists mainly study the ecological reconstruction technical. Meanwhile, our govenment have taken administrative measures of closing quarry and controling the scale and quantity. And we continue studying the ecological reconstruction technical of quarrying waste. Additionally, the more important problem is how to change the quarrying waste from“waste land”to“precious land”by the way of landscape reconstruction planning. The problem is a focus that abroad experts have been common concerning. It is significant, because it is related to improving the quality of people’s lives and the coordination of economic development and environmental protection.Therefore, in the paper the type,features and theoretical basis on ecological and landscape reconstruction of wasted quarrying area will be rehackled and systematic studied through the deeper level, as ecological reconstruction and landscape reconstruction,policy and management development model according to China’s basic national conditions. This paper first provides the landscape reconstruction planning strategy - the "four-step first-line method", which Includes four-step- planning principles, planning ways ,transformation model and planning measures ;and the line that runs through the entire planning- protection mechanisms - administrative measures and development business model. And the theory and practice will be demonstrated and infiltration taking the ecological reconstruction of Yuhuangshan in Zibogaoxinqu of Shandong province as an example. Finally, some suggestions about landscape reconstruction planning of quarrying waste are proposed, which have some theoretical and practical significance in guiding China’s quarrying waste comprehensive management.
        

采石废弃地的景观恢复规划研究

中文摘要8-10
英文摘要10-11
1 引言12-20
    1.1 研究的目的与意义12-13
    1.2 国内外研究现状与进程13-16
        1.2.1 国外研究现状与进程13-15
        1.2.2 国内研究现状与进程15-16
    1.3 研究的内容16-17
    1.4 研究方法和技术路线17-20
        1.4.1 研究方法17-18
        1.4.2 技术路线18-20
2 采石废弃地概述20-28
    2.1 相关概念解析20-21
        2.1.1 废弃地20
        2.1.2 工业废弃地20-21
        2.1.3 矿业废弃地21
    2.2 采石废弃地的概念21-22
    2.3 采石废弃地的类型22-24
        2.3.1 乡村采石废弃地22-23
        2.3.2 城郊采石废弃地23-24
        2.3.3 城市内采石废弃地24
    2.4 采石废弃地的特征24-28
        2.4.1 采石废弃地的生态特征25
        2.4.2 采石废弃地的景观特征25-26
        2.4.3 采石废弃地的文化特征26-28
3 采石废弃地景观重建规划的相关基础理论28-38
    3.1 生态恢复相关理论28-31
        3.1.1 恢复生态学28-29
        3.1.2 景观生态学29-30
        3.1.3 生态演替理论30-31
        3.1.4 矿区土地复垦理论31
    3.2 景观重建规划的概念31-33
        3.2.1 景观31-32
        3.2.2 景观重建32-33
        3.2.3 采石废弃地的景观重建规划33
    3.3 景观重建规划的理论依据33-38
        3.3.1 绿色设计理论33-34
        3.3.2 园林规划设计理论34
        3.3.3 城市规划理论34-35
        3.3.4 美学理论35-36
        3.3.5 旅游规划理论36
        3.3.6 可持续发展理论36-38
4 国内外采石废弃地景观重建规划的成功案例分析38-48
    4.1 国外采石废弃地改建成功案例38-40
        4.1.1 希腊狄俄尼索斯采石场38-39
        4.1.2 法国毕维利采石场生态和景观重建39-40
    4.2 国内成功案例40-45
        4.2.1 山东省日照市银河公园改建设计40-42
        4.2.2 绍兴东湖公园42-43
        4.2.3 河南缝山公园43-45
    4.3 借鉴与反思45-48
5 采石废弃地景观重建规划策略研究48-71
    5.1 采石废弃地景观重建规划的原则48-50
        5.1.1 生态设计原则48-49
        5.1.2 因地制宜,综合治理的原则49
        5.1.3 尊重场地与过程的原则49-50
        5.1.4 持续利用与资源循环原则50
        5.1.5 行政和运营管理模式优化原则50
    5.2 采石废弃地景观重建规划的途径50-51
        5.2.1 采石场开采前的规划先行法50-51
        5.2.2 采石场开采后的景观重建规划51
    5.3 采石废弃地景观重建规划的改造模式51-53
    5.4 采石废弃地景观重建规划的具体措施53-66
        5.4.1 采石废弃地自然景观重建规划措施53-64
        5.4.2 采石废弃地人文景观重建规划64-66
    5.5 保障机制——行政措施与运营管理模式的研究66-71
        5.5.1 建立有效的管理组织机构和完善的法律、法规66-67
        5.5.2 弹性规划的介入67
        5.5.3 公众参与性67-68
        5.5.4 多学科参与性68
        5.5.5 多元的资金筹措机制68-69
        5.5.6 采石废弃地的开发运营管理模式69-71
6 采石废弃地景观重建规划的实践研究——以山东省淄博市高新区玉皇山生态恢复工程为例71-87
    6.1 项目现状概况71-72
        6.1.1 地理位置71
        6.1.2 地质地貌71-72
        6.1.3 矿坑72
        6.1.4 道路72
        6.1.5 植被现状72
    6.2 规划主题与目标72-73
    6.3 规划原则73
    6.4 规划构思和结构73-74
    6.5 规划设计内容74-85
        6.5.1 山体采石坑生态恢复与改造规划74-77
        6.5.2 绿化规划77-79
        6.5.3 总体布局79-81
        6.5.4 水系规划81-82
        6.5.5 道路系统规划82-83
        6.5.6 景点景区规划83-85
    6.6 行政措施和开发运营模式85-86
    6.7 小结86-87
7 结语87-91
    7.1 结论87-88
    7.2 本研究的创新点88
    7.3 建议与展望88-91
        7.3.1 建议88-89
        7.3.2 展望89-91
参考文献91-96
致谢96-97
攻读学位期间发表论文与社会实践97
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