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泰安市历史地段景观保护与提升研究

Research on the Protection and Promotion of the Landscape of Historical Sites in Tai’an

作者: 专业:园林植物与观赏园艺 导师:于东明 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 山东农业大学

Keywords

historical sites, urban landscape, urban memory, urban renewal, Tai’an

        城市是历史发展的产物,见证着人类文明史的发展,现代城市不仅仅是人类简单聚集生活的场所,还是一本记载人类历史文化发展的史书,是民族悠久历史的记忆载体。而城市历史地段则是一座城市历史沉淀积累最深的地方,是城市记忆依存的精华所在,它所记载的历史传承和信息,反映着城市整体特色,激发着城市整体活力。保护好一座城市历史地段的独特景观,实现历史地段有机更新,促使城市文脉发展延续,既是一座城市的健康发展需要,也是千万市民的内心精神需求。本研究主要从城市历史地段的相关理论研究入手,阐述了相关的概念和内涵,在参考和借鉴国内外有代表性的城市历史地段的保护与提升成功案例的基础上,对泰安市通天街至一天门历史地段进行了实地调研和相关文献研究,分层次系统的分析了该地段的文化背景和现状问题,构建出该地段景观保护与提升的总体理念,探讨如何从该历史地段的土地利用、整体风貌、遗迹、建筑、道路、植物等多方面进行文化景观的改造与提升,以实现该研究地段小规模、渐进式的有机更新。论文分为六个章节,绪论中简述了选题的背景、目的与意义,论文研究的范畴、方法、框架及目标。第二部分通过对国内外城市历史地段的相关概念、景观保护与提升的内容与模式以及国内典型实例进行了探讨;第三部分是对本文研究背景的归纳,通过对泰安、泰山、泰山文化轴线的自然概况及泰山文化、泰安文化的探讨,为研究泰安历史地段做好铺垫;第四部分对于研究地段的景观现状进行调查分析,把握地段的景观骨架、了解土地使用的特征、调研景观要素的不足、关注文化生活的影响以及分析该地段的景观价值特点,为提出措施做好准备;第五部分是论文的核心部分,针对以上对景观现状的调查分析,构建出理念,并分别提出了相应的景观保护与提升措施,包括:土地利用、整体风貌保护、遗迹保护与建筑改造、道路景观提升与设施美化、植物景观营造、文化产品开发等;第六部分,对于全文进行了总结与归纳。
    City is the result of historical development, which witness the development of human civilization. The modern city is not only a workplace of the simple aggregation of human life, but also a record of the historical development of human culture, is as well the memory carrier of a long history of the nation. The city’s historical sites is a place where the most historical sediment accumulates and the essence of urban memory. It records the history of heritage and information, reflects the general character of the city and stimulates the overall vitality of the city. To protect the unique landscape of historical area in a city, achieve organic renewal of historical sites and enable the continuation of the urban culture is not only the need of the health development in a city, but also the spiritual needs of millions of people’s heart.The content of the paper explains the relevant concepts and content from the related theory of the research in the urban historical sites, on the basis of the reference of representative and successful protection and transformation cases of historical sites among the world. Moreover it conducts field research and relevant literature research in the historical sites from Tongtian street to Yitian gate of Tai’an city , analyzes the cultural background and problem of current situation in this area from different aspects, builds up a overall concept of the protection and transformation and investigates on how the transformation and upgrading of the cultural landscape are carried out from the aspects of land use, overall appearance, monuments, buildings and streets, etc.It is in order to achieve organic update in historical sites on small-scale and gradually.The paper is divided into six chapters. The preface briefly introduces the background of the selected topic, the purpose and meaning, the scope of thesis research, methodology, framework and objectives. The second part mainly discusses about the related concepts of historic sites , the content and patterns of the landscape protection and enhancement and the typical examples in china; The third part as a induction of the background of this study, through the study and analysis of the natural profile on the axis of the Tai’an, Mount Tai, the culture of Mount Tai, and the discussion of the culture of Mount Tai,the culture of Tai’an paves the way for the study of the historical sites in Tai’an; the fourth part is the investigation and analysis of the current landscape situation of the sites studied, grasps the landscape framework, comprehends the characteristics of land use, investigates the defects of the landscape elements , Shows solicitude for the impact of cultural life and analyzes the characteristics of landscape values so as to prepare for the measures to be proposed; The fifth part is the core of the paper, in connection with the survey and analysis of the landscape current situation, builds a concept, and respectively propose the corresponding landscape protection and enhancement measures, including: land use, the overall style of protection, heritage conservation and building renovation, the enhancement of road landscape and facilities’landscaping, the designing of plant landscape , the development of cultural, product, which is a total of six respects , the sixth part is the summarization and categorization of whole paper.
        

泰安市历史地段景观保护与提升研究

中文摘要6-7
英文摘要7-8
1 绪论9-15
    1.1 选题背景9-10
    1.2 选题目的与意义10-11
    1.3 研究范畴11-12
    1.4 研究方法12-14
    1.5 研究框架14
    1.6 研究的目标14-15
2 国内外相关理论与实例分析15-34
    2.1 相关概念与理论研究15-29
        2.1.1 相关概念研究15-26
        2.1.2 城市历史地段景观保护与提升研究综述26-29
    2.2 国内典型案例分析29-34
        2.2.1 杭州清河坊历史地段30-31
        2.2.2 曲阜古泮池历史地段31-34
3 研究对象背景概况34-54
    3.1 自然地理条件34-38
        3.1.1 泰安市概况34-35
        3.1.2 泰山概况35-36
        3.1.3 泰山历史文化轴线概况36-38
    3.2 历史演变与文化内涵38-54
        3.2.1 泰山文化38-49
        3.2.2 泰安文化49-54
4 研究地段景观现状调查分析54-78
    4.1 景观骨架把握54-55
    4.2 土地使用特征55-56
    4.3 景观要素运用56-72
        4.3.1 道路56-59
        4.3.2 建筑59-62
        4.3.3 植物62-66
        4.3.4 古迹66-72
    4.4 生活文化影响72-76
        4.4.1 传统民俗72-74
        4.4.2 文化产品74-76
    4.5 景观价值特点76-78
        4.5.1 景观价值内容76-77
        4.5.2 景观价值分析77-78
5 研究地段景观保护与提升措施研究78-89
    5.1 理念构建78-79
    5.2 土地利用79
    5.3 整体风貌保护79-80
    5.4 遗迹保护与建筑改造80-83
    5.5 道路景观提升与设施美化83-85
    5.6 植物景观营造85-88
    5.7 文化产品开发88-89
6 结语89-92
    6.1 研究结论89-90
    6.2 研究创新90-91
    6.3 研究体会91-92
参考文献92-98
致谢98-99
附录99
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