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泰山岱顶人文景观的历史演变研究

Humanities Landscape History Research for Dai Ding of Mount Tai

作者: 专业:园林植物与观赏园艺 导师:王洪涛 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 山东农业大学

Keywords

Dai Ding, cultural landscape, evolution, protection and development

        近年来,旅游热持续升温,泰山作为世界自然和文化的双遗产,自然成了人们心目中的旅游必选地。泰山,古称岱山,又名岱宗,岱岳,东岳,太岳,远古时候称大山,太山,乃五岳之首。1983年经国务院批准列入国家重点风景名胜区。1987年12月11日联合国教科文组织世界遗产委员会第11届全体会议正式接纳为自然文化遗产,成为我国著名的自然和文化双遗产。而岱顶作为泰山之巅,地势比较平坦,古迹众多,是泰山三重空间中“天堂仙境”的所在地,在整个泰山景区中占有重要的地位。但随着登顶人数的增多,岱顶的各种问题也逐步体现出来。本文分为九个章节,三个部分:第一部分为第一章到第四章,主要介绍岱顶的研究现状、概况以及岱顶的现状;第二部分包括第五章到第八章,主要讲岱顶的演变过程;第三部分是第九章,通过对岱顶演变过程的总结,提出岱顶目前存在的问题及问题出现的原因和解决措施以及对岱顶今后的发展提出相应的建议。本论文从岱顶的现状出发,立足岱顶的地理位置、直观形象和自然及人文景观等方面,结合所搜集的历史文献资料及图表规划资料等,对岱顶有一个系统全面地认识。整个岱顶的景观演变过程,可以根据中国社会历史的发展进程和泰山本身的发展因素分为四个部分:先秦到元朝时期——明清时期——中华民国到解放前——现代发展时期四个阶段。根据各个阶段的实际特征总结出每个阶段岱顶不同的发展背景、景观格局和功能,提炼出岱顶各个阶段的景观格局和分布情况。提炼出岱顶景观的演变规律,并根据得到的结论和实际的调查结果提出对岱顶未来的保护规划和发展切实可行的建议和对策。
    In recent years, touring continues to heat up, Mount Tai as a world double heritage of both nature and culture, naturally becomes the travel destination of the tourists. Mount Tai, anciently called as Daishan, also known as Daizong, Daiyue, Dongyue, Taiyue, in ancient times, is called the mountain, TaiShan, is the first in the Wuyue. In 1983, the State Council approved Mount Tai as the key national scenic spot. On December 11, 1987, the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO at its 11th plenary session officially accepted it as a double heritage of nature and culture, and has become the only heritage of both nature and culture in china. Dai Ding as the top of Mount Tai is the location of the“heaven and wonderland”in the SanChong space of Mount Tai, the topography is relatively flat with numerous monuments. The Dai Ding as the summit of Mount Tai occupies an important position in the whole scenic area of Mount Tai. With the increase of the number of tourists at the summit, the problems on Daiding have become increasingly evident.This article is divided into nine chapters, three parts: Part I including Chapter I to Chapter IV mainly introduces the current situation of the Dai Ding’s research, overview and the current situation and existing problems of Daiding; the second part includes Chapter V to Chapter VIII,mainly introduce the evolution process of DaidingThe third part is the ninth chapter, through the summary of the evolution process of Daiding, put forward the reason of the current issues in Daiding ,solutions and make recommendations for the futurul development of Daiding . This paper from the current situation of Daiding, on the basis of the geographical location of Dai Ding, visual image and the natural and cultural landscape, etc, in connection with the historical documents collected and chart planning information have a comprehensive and systematic view on Daiding, extract the law of the evolution of landscape in Daiding and propose the practical recommendations on the protection and development of Daiding in the future in accordance with the conclusion and the actual findings.The landscape evolution process of the Daiding, according to the degree of pattern’s change and social factors is divided into four phases: pre-Qin to the Ming dynasty ----Ming and Qing dynasty ----the period from the Republic of China to the liberation of the People’s Republic of China ----the period of modern development. the paper ,according to the actual characteristics of each stage summarizes the different patterns for each stage of Daiding landscape features and functionality.
        

泰山岱顶人文景观的历史演变研究

中文摘要6-7
英文摘要7-8
1 绪论9-15
    1.1 研究背景10-11
    1.2 研究对象的选择及目的和意义11
    1.3 研究内容11-12
    1.4 研究程序12-15
2.国内对泰山及岱顶的文献记载及研究15-19
    2.1 建国前国内对泰山及岱顶的研究15-17
    2.2 建国后国内对泰山及岱顶的研究17-19
3 岱顶景观概述19-21
    3.1 基本概念19
    3.2 岱顶景观类型19-21
4 岱顶景观现状21-28
    4.1 岱顶景观资源构成21-22
    4.2 岱顶景观空间分布状况22-28
5 先秦到元朝时期岱顶景观的演变过程28-40
    5.1 先秦到元朝时期岱顶自然人文景观发展的背景29-30
    5.2 先秦到元朝时期岱顶景观格局变化30-38
    5.3 先秦到元朝时期岱顶景观的主要功能38-39
    5.4 先秦到元朝时期岱顶景观演变总结39-40
6 明清时期岱顶发展的概况.40-55
    6.1 明清时期岱顶人文景观发展的背景40-41
    6.2 明清时期岱顶景观格局变化41-45
    6.3 明清时期岱顶景观的主要功能45-47
    6.4 明清时期岱顶景观演变总结47-55
7 中华民国到解放前岱顶的发展概况55-60
    7.1 发展背景55-56
    7.2 民国时期岱顶景观格局概述56-57
    7.3 民国时期岱顶的主要功能57
    7.4 民国时期岱顶景观演变总结57-60
8 现代发展时期60-71
    8.1 发展背景65-66
    8.2 随着城市的发展岱顶景观格局的变化66-69
    8.3 现阶段岱顶景观的主要功能69-70
    8.4 现阶段岱顶景观演变总结70-71
9 岱顶景观演变研究总结分析71-83
    9.1 岱顶演变过程总结71-72
    9.2 岱顶景观建设面临的问题72-77
    9.3 岱顶景观现状问题出现的原因77-79
    9.4 岱顶景观利用和保护对策79-83
参考文献83-86
致谢86-87
攻读学位期间发表论文与社会实践87
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