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嵩山古建筑群研究

Historic Monuments of Mount Songshan

作者: 专业:考古学及博物馆学 导师:任伟 年度:2010  院校: 郑州大学

Keywords

        嵩山作为五岳之中的中岳,自古一直被人们认为是“天地之中”所在,从而成为人类活动的中心地带。古代人类对自然一直存在着崇拜敬畏之心,对“天地之中”也是如此,这种心理让人们尊嵩山为文化圣山,政治、宗教、科技、教育等活动都长期围绕嵩山为中心进行,继而成为了中国古代建筑分布最为密集的地区之一。各种用途的建筑种类齐全,数量众多,保留了各个历史时期的建筑特点。本文从文化上,宏观上将嵩山古建筑群从整体上加以研究,解释为什么有不同时期不同类型的建筑记录嵩山,将嵩山古建筑群作为一个整体,对其多样化完整性的形成原因进行粗略的探讨,并对其进行简单的分类研究。汇聚在嵩山的古建筑,基本可分为礼制、宗教、科技和教育建筑四个类型,而且都是同类建筑中的典型代表,深刻影响了中国内地的这几类建筑形式的形成和发展,在中国建筑史和世界建筑史上均具有独特的、不可替代的地位。嵩山古建筑有很多都是其所属建筑类型的最高代表,在建筑史以及宗教史、文化史、美术史上占据了多项“唯一”。嵩山古建筑群综合体现了我国文化的悠久历史和突出成就,真实、完整地反映了现存历史建筑的多样性和在地域上的集中性特点,记录了不同文化、种类的建筑,笔者认为这种现象产生的原因在于嵩山“天地之中”的圣山地位,和古人对与“天地之中”的崇拜。“天地之中”的理念,对于中国人来说有着不可磨灭的影响,渗透了中国人生活的方方面面。嵩山作为“天地之中”的代表和媒介,见证了各个历史时期的文化和思想的变化发展,并忠实的记录了下来。嵩山古建筑群是不可替代的文化遗产,是当今文化延续和发展的重要财富。
    As one of the Five Sacred Mountains,the mid-sacred mountain, Mount Songshan is the "center of the world" in Chinese ancient saying. It is the center of human activities. Ancient people glorified the reverential Nature as they glorified the "center of the world". This kind of thinking made people called it a holy mountain of civilization. Political, religious, technological and educational movements were all surrounded Mount Songshan, which made it became the most concentrated area with ancient architectures in China. Mount Songshan contained all type of monuments. There were huge amount of valuable historic spots which retained memories of each historic period.This paper objectively discusses the ancient building complex in Mount Songshan from macro-perspective. It explains how Mount Songshan retains history that different periods have various structures. Moreover, the paper includes a brief research on the whole ancient building complex and deeply explains the variety causes of the formation of it.Historical monuments in Mount Songshan basically can put into four categories: protocolary, religion, technology and education. They are typically among the best of those four groups. Monuments in Mount Songshan had deeply influence development and conversion of building style in mainland China. They have special and irreplaceable status in the Chinese history. Most constructions in the Mount Songshan ancient building complex are ranked among the top of architectonic. Those building hold many "the best" in the history of religion, civilization and art.Ancient building complex in Mount Songshan presents the general culture development and outstanding achievement of our country, and fully reflects the distinguishing and concentrically features of different cultures. Writer thinks the main reason for this phenomenon is based on the social status of the idea that Mount Songshan was "center of the world". The concept of "center of the world" affects all aspects of daily life, and has unbeatable influence on every Chinese people. Mount Songshan as the representation and medium of "center of the world". It witnessed the movements of all civilization and ideology, and retain as a treasurable history record. The ancient building complex in Mount Song is an irreplaceable cultural legacy, and also the wealth to continue the evolution of our civilization.
        

嵩山古建筑群研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5-6
1 绪论10-16
    1.1 嵩山古建筑群产生的自然与文化背景10-12
    1.2 前人研究成果12-15
    1.3 选题意义15-16
2 嵩山古建筑群概述16-61
    2.1 嵩山古建筑群的总体特征16-17
    2.2 各种文化领域交流融合的文化载体17-59
    2.3 中国多类型建筑的形制典范59-61
3 "天地之中"理念的确立与嵩山古建筑群61-76
    3.1 嵩山和其他文化名山文化特性的对比61-66
    3.2 宇宙哲学—“天地之中”理念的形成66-72
    3.3 "天地之中"理念与嵩山古建筑群72-76
4 结语76-78
附表78-98
参考文献98-100
个人简历100-101
致谢101
        下载全文需101


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