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豫东地区夏商时代文化研究

Research on Culture of Xia and Shang Dynasty in Eastern Henan

作者: 专业:考古学及博物馆学 导师:张国硕 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 郑州大学

Keywords

East of Henan, Xia and Shang Dynasty, Erlitou culture, Yueshi culture, Erligang culture, Yinxu culture

        豫东地区考古学文化自发现以来一直备受学界的关注,而这一地区夏商时期的考古学文化更是关注的焦点。此前,学界已涌现出许多有关豫东地区考古学文化的研究成果,尤其是近年新的发现和研究成果,为深入、全面研究豫东地区考古学文化奠定了基础。本文在前人研究的基础上,运用文化因素分析法、类型学、地层学及“多重证据法”等考古学方法,充分吸收新的考古发现和研究成果,对豫东地区考古学文化进行综合分析研究。全文共分为五部分,包括绪论、遗址介绍、考古学文化遗存分析、各文化之间的关系、反映的历史问题。文章认为,在夏商时代,豫东地区曾分布着二里头文化、岳石文化、下七垣文化、二里岗文化、殷墟文化等五种考古学文化。这五种考古学文化均与各自中心地区的考古学文化相似,但又有其自身的特点。其中二里头文化可以分为四期,岳石文化可以分为三期,两者的起始年代大体相当,并形成一种东、西对峙关系,但两者之间也有一些文化交流。到了二里头文化晚期,下七垣文化发展到这一地区,与岳石文化并存,并与二里头文化形成对峙关系,并有所交流。下七垣文化可分两期,约相当于二里头文化的三、四期。进入二里岗文化阶段以后,下七垣文化和二里头文化均消失,而岳石文化仍然分布于该地区。到二里岗文化四期之时,二里岗文化东扩,但只占据了豫东地区西部,岳石文化仍在此延续,两者之间也是一种对峙和交流关系。进入殷墟文化二期之时,殷墟文化已占据了豫东地区的全部范围,岳石文化在该地区基本消失。豫东地区考古学文化的面貌和相互关系,反映一定的史实。夏王朝早期势力较弱,且与东夷族关系修好,中期之时夏王朝开始向四周扩展,其中东扩至豫东地区西部地区。夏王朝晚期,商族开始南下,并与东夷族形成联盟关系,共同抵抗夏王朝。商王朝建立以后,因与东夷族有联盟关系一直没有东扩,至中丁之时,开始东扩,但没有完全控制豫东地区,直到武丁之后才完成东扩。
    East of Henan Province has been found archaeological culture from much academic attention, while the Xia and Shang period archaeological culture is the focus of attention. In particular, in recent years new discoveries and research results have emerged, for in-depth, comprehensive study of Yudong laid the foundation for regional archaeological culture.In this article, on the basis of previous studies, using cultural factors analysis, typology, stratigraphy and the "multi-Evidence Act" and other archaeological methods, to fully absorb the new archaeological discoveries and research, to undertake a comprehensive archaeological culture Yudong region analysis study. Full-text is divided into five parts, including the introduction, site description, archaeological and cultural analysis, the relationship between all cultures, reflecting the historical issue.According to the article, in the Xia and Shang Dynasties era, Yudong region has distributed Erlitou culture, Yueshi culture, and XiaqiYuan Culture, Erligang culture, the Yinxu culture of five archaeological cultures. These five archaeological culture are related to their respective central areas of the archaeological and cultural similarities, it has its own characteristics. In which culture can be divided into four two inside, Yueshi culture can be divided into three, roughly the same between the two initial years and to create a confrontation between East and West, but there are some exchange phenomenon. To the inside of the two cultures in the late Yuan cultural development of the next seven to the area, and Yueshi cultures co-exist.Both inside and the two cultures confrontation and exchange relations. Under Xiaqiyuan culture can be divided into two phases, about the culture inside the equivalent of two three or four. Two years into Erligang culture stage, XiaqiYuan Culture and Erlitou culture were removed and the culture is still Yueshi distribution and the region. Erligang culture, four to two years when, two years post cultural expansion, but only occupied the western East of Henan Province, Yue stone culture is still the continuity between the two is also a confrontation and exchange relations. After the two cultures into the Yin Ruins, the Yinxuculture occupied the full range of East of Henan Province, Yueshi the disappearance of culture.The relationship between archaeological culture at East of Henan, reflecting a certain degree of historical facts. Xia Dynasty Early power is weak, and the relationship with the Dong Yi ethnic reconciliation, began around the time of the medium-term expansion, including expansion to the east of Henan in the west. Xia Dynasty in the late Shang People began to move south, and the formation of alliances with the Dongyi family together against Xia dynasty. Since the establishment of the Shang Dynasty, because family has an alliance with the Dongyi eastward expansion has not been to the time of Zhong Ding began massive expansion, but not complete control Yudong region until after the completion of Wuding eastward expansion.
        

豫东地区夏商时代文化研究

中文摘要4-5
Abstract5
1 绪论8-19
    1.1 相关概念的界定8-14
    1.2 研究的历史与现状14-16
    1.3 研究的目的、意义和方法16-19
2 遗址概况19-30
    2.1 开封地区的遗址19-22
    2.2 商丘地区的遗址22-28
    2.3 周口地区的遗址28-30
3 文化遗存的初步分析30-59
    3.1 二里头文化遗存30-38
    3.2 岳石文化遗存38-47
    3.3 下七垣文化遗存47-52
    3.4 二里岗文化遗存52-55
    3.5 殷墟文化遗存55-59
4 文化之间的相互关系59-75
    4.1 二里头文化与岳石文化的相互关系59-65
    4.2 下七垣文化与岳石文化的相互关系65-70
    4.3 二里头文化与下七垣文化的相互关系70-73
    4.4 岳石文化与二里岗文化的关系73-75
5 结语75-88
    附表80-84
    参考文献84-87
    简历87-88
    致谢88
        下载全文需88


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