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天津反日会研究(1928年8月-1929年6月)

Study on Tianjin Anti-Japanese Society (August,1928-June,1929)

作者: 专业:中国近现代史 导师:齐春风 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 辽宁师范大学

Keywords

Japanese goods merchant, Tianjin Anti-Japanese Society, Tianjin local party headquarters, Fund for saving country

        1928年5月,为阻止国民党军北伐,日本出兵山东,制造了震惊中外的济南惨案。日军的暴行激起了中国民众的极大愤慨,一时间各地掀起了轰轰烈烈的对日经济绝交运动。面对巨大的民族主义浪潮,出于掌控中国民众运动的目的,同时也为了对日本政府施加一定的压力,南京国民政府选择了领导广大民众来开展对日经济绝交运动的道路。天津是当时北方重要的港口和商埠,在津开展反日运动势必会加强中国反日运动的力度。于此重要关头,天津反日会秉承国民党天津市党部旨意而成立,并领导了天津的对日经济绝交运动。为了使这一运动能够顺利开展,天津反日会陆续成立了各种组织,做了大量工作,取得了一定的成绩,但在处理救国基金问题上却出现了一定的失误。在反日工作的开展过程中,天津反日会受到了一些来自于日货商人的阻力,但“高举民族主义旗帜”的天津反日会与“维护切身利益”的日货商人之间的博弈以天津反日会的胜利而告终。1929年3月28日《济案协定》签订后,南京国民政府对待反日运动的态度发生了很大变化,开始明令取缔各地的反日组织,收到天津市党部命令的天津反日会只能以匆匆改组而谢幕。
    Japanese army sent troops to Shandong, and made the world-shocking Jinan Massacre in May, 1928, in order to hold back the Northern Expedition of Kuomintang troops. This atrocity of Japanese army incensed the Chinese people and a powerful campaign of breaking off relations with Japan was surging all over the country. Facing the gigantic tide of Chinese nationalism, the National Government in Nanjing chose to lead the Chinese people in this campaign in order to control the Chinese mass movement and exert pressure on the Japanese government. Tianjin was an important harbor and a commercial port in North China; therefore, the anti-Japanese campaign developed in Tianjin was bound to expedite the progress of Chinese anti-Japanese movement. At that critical time, Tianjin Anti-Japanese Society was created in obedience to the order of Tianjin local party headquarters and led the campaign of breaking off relations with Japan in Tianjin. For the purpose of health development of this campaign, Tianjin Anti-Japanese Society gradually established various organizations and did a lot of work. It had great achievements while made certain mistakes in handling the fund for saving country. Although Tianjin Anti-Japanese Society encountered some resistance from Japanese goods merchant during the campaign, the fight between Tianjin Anti-Japanese Society who uphold the flag of nationalism and Japanese goods merchant who alleged to protect their essential rights was terminated with the victory of the former. After the Jinan Agreement was signed in March 28, 1929, the National Government in Nanjing turned around against the anti-Japanese organizations, and Tianjin Anti-Japanese Society ended itself up by hasty recombination in response to the order of Tianjin local party headquarters.
        

天津反日会研究(1928年8月-1929年6月)

摘要4-5
Abstract5
引言7-10
第一章 天津反日会的成立10-15
    第一节 天津反日会成立的背景10-12
    第二节 天津反日会的成立12-15
第二章 天津反日会的组织和制度15-24
    第一节 天津反日会的组织结构15-19
    第二节 天津反日会的规章制度19-24
第三章 天津反日会的活动24-48
    第一节 天津反日会的宣传活动24-28
    第二节 天津反日会的抵制日货活动28-41
        一、日货登记检查工作28-37
        二、救国基金的征收37-39
        三、有关日纸的问题39-40
        四、天津反日会的拍卖日货活动40-41
    第三节 天津反日会的提倡国货运动41-48
        一、提倡国货41
        二、创办五三工厂41-44
        三、成立国货研究所44-48
第四章 天津反日会的结束48-59
    第一节 天津反日会改名为天津废约会经过48-52
    第二节 天津废约会工作停止经过52-54
    第三节 天津反日会的遗留问题:救国基金的处置54-59
        一、救国基金的保管工作54-55
        二、天津市党政军三方的查账工作55-57
        三、救国基金的用途57-59
结语59-60
参考文献60-62
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况62-63
致谢63
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