首页 > 硕士 > 历史学 > 正文

大连近代历史文化变迁与城市风格研究

Changes of Dalian Modern History Culture and the Study of the Urban Style

作者: 专业:中国近现代史 导师:喻大华 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 辽宁师范大学

Keywords

Dalian, Colonial rule, Historical culture, Urban style

        大连近代历史是一部帝国主义野蛮侵略并将其占为殖民地的历史,也是西方文化冲击东方文明的历史。大连又是伴随着帝国主义入侵而逐渐发展起来的典型城市之一。在沙俄和日本先后长达半个世纪的殖民统治期间,殖民者按照各自的城市设计方案对大连城市进行过规划建设,对当今大连的城市发展产生了重要影响。全文分共四章。引言部分:主要阐述该论文研究的选题意义和概念的厘清,重点介绍相关历史回顾,当前国内外研究的历史现状与拟解决的问题以及论文所运用的理论、研究方法等。第一章,主要介绍了近代大连城市形成的历史渊源、自然地理条件、历史文化根基和旅顺军港的建设。第二章,主要论述了俄国占领大连时期,在政治上实行封闭的军事管制,经济上实行自由开放制度的历史背景下,近代大连特殊的历史演变过程,即其城市发展和近代化程度是与殖民地化同步进行的。殖民者在大连城市建设中运用了国外先进的科学管理经验与城市规划方案,形成以外来建筑文化为基调的城市规划格局。到20世纪初,大连已经成为世界著名的港口城市,这对今天的城市风格形成都产生了重要影响。第三章,主要论述了日本侵略对大连长达40年的殖民统治,其在大连殖民统治机构经历了三个阶段的确立和演变。在其占领时期形成了洋风和色的特色建筑风格,尤其以中山广场为代表,与此同时日本殖民者推行殖民文化教育,广设舆论机构,通过满铁推行殖民政策,大力推行日本文化,进行殖民教育,期间城市布局是在沙俄的城建格局基础上进行的,城市基础设施趋于完备,逐渐形成近代都市文化。第四章,主要研究近代大连历史文化资源的开发和保护价值,并提出了城市风格设计方案。在大连的现代城市建设中,追求城市精神文化建设与文明的和谐统一,建设开拓进取、和谐精诚的城市观念文明,以提高市民的道德修养;建设内涵丰富、科学先进的城市知识文明,通过不断创新实现知识文化的更上一层楼;建设异彩纷呈、繁荣昌盛的城市艺术文明,增加城市的知名度,增强城市的吸引力。结语中,分析了外力对大连城市变迁的双重作用,并对近代大连城市发展和转型的原因进行了深入剖析,而今我们应以近代大连城市历史演变为借鉴,提出科学合理化的城市设计方案,在尊重历史、尊重自然、尊重多样性的前提下,以长远的眼光进行城市建设,提升大连的城市地位,为百姓提供一个能够安居乐业的美好城市环境。
    Dalian is a modern history of imperialist aggression and its accounting for the colony’s history, is also strongly into the impact of Western culture the history of Oriental civilization. Dalian is also accompanied by the invasion of modern imperialism gradually developed typical cities. In Tsarist Russia and the Japanese colonial rule for half a century, colonists in accordance with their respective urban design carried out in Dalian city planning and construction, the development of today’s Dalian city had a major impact. Full-text sub-total of four chapters.Introduction: The main thesis of the topics described the significance and clarify the concept, focusing on relevant historical review, current status and history of domestic and foreign research problems and to be used in the articles of the theory, research methods. The first chapter introduces the formation of the modern history of Dalian city, geography, history, cultural roots and the Port Arthur naval construction.The second chapter mainly discusses the occupied Dalian in Russia, the political practice closed military control of the implementation of free and open economic systems historical context, the recent evolution of Dalian special historical, that is, their degree of urban development and modernization is colonization simultaneously. Colonists in Dalian City Construction used the experience of the advanced scientific management and urban planning, architectural and cultural form for the tone than to the urban planning structure. To the early 20th century, Dalian has become the world famous port city, which is the formation of all of today’s urban style had a major impact.The third chapter mainly discusses the Japanese invasion in Dalian for 40 years of colonial rule, colonial institutions in Dalian has experienced three stages of the establishment and evolution. Formed in the occupied period style and color characteristics of Western architectural style, especially on behalf of Zhongshan Square, at the same time Japanese colonial of colonial education, by setting up public institutions to implement colonial policies through the South Manchuria Railway, vigorously promote Japanese culture, to colonial education, in Czarist Russia during the city’s layout is based on the pattern of urban construction, urban infrastructure nearing completion, the gradual formation of modern urban culture.Chapter IV, the main historical and cultural resources of modern Dalian development and protection of values, and proposed urban style design. Modern urban construction in Dalian, the pursuit of spiritual and cultural construction and urban harmony of civilizations and building a pioneering spirit, the concept of a harmonious civilization sincerely city to improve public morality; building rich content, scientific knowledge and advanced civilization the city, through continuous to achieve higher level of knowledge innovation culture; building colorful, prosperous and civilized urban art, to increase the visibility of the city and enhance the attractiveness of the city.Conclusion, analysis of the external force changes on the dual role of Dalian, Dalian and modern urban development and transformation of the reasons for in-depth analysis, now we should be the evolution of modern history to learn from Dalian City, made scientific rationalization of urban design program, respect history, respect for nature, respect for diversity, the premise of a long-term vision for urban development, improve the status of Dalian city, for the people to live and work provide a better urban environment.
        

大连近代历史文化变迁与城市风格研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5-6
引言9-15
第一章 大连古代历史和城市发展起源15-32
    第一节 大连的自然地理条件15-16
        一、地理位置15
        二、地貌15-16
        三、气象气候16
        四、行政区划16
    第二节 历史沿革和城市名称的由来16-20
    第三节 历史文化根基20-26
        一、古迹遗存20-21
        二、民俗文化资源21-26
    第四节 大连城市形成和发展起源26-32
        一、明朝对大连地区的军政统治和复州城的修筑26-28
        二、晚清旅顺口近代城市的形成28-32
第二章 沙俄租借时期的大连历史文化特征和城市风格初显32-40
    第一节 沙俄租借时期的历史变迁和殖民文化32-35
        一、沙俄市制的设置32-33
        二、近代特色欧式建筑遗存33-34
        三、沙俄的思想文化统治34-35
    第二节 沙俄租借时期大连近代城市风格的形成35-40
        一、大连自由港的建设—城市中心的转移35-36
        二、俄罗斯化的市区规划设计风格和城市空间格局36-38
        三、近代城市基础设施的建设38
        四、城市人口移民特征38-40
第三章 日本占领时期的大连历史文化变迁和城市风格40-53
    第一节 日本统治大连的政治机构变迁40-42
        一、军事管制(亦称“军事占领”)时期40-41
        二、军民合治(亦称“军政统治”)时期41
        三、军民分治(亦称“民政统治”)时期41-42
    第二节 日本占领时期的历史文化42-46
        一、现存日本占领时期的代表性建筑遗址—洋风和色的建筑风格42-43
        二、殖民文化教育43-46
    第三节 日本占领时期的城市风格转变46-53
        一、城市空间布局变化—沙俄城建格局的延续和市区的扩大46-47
        二、作为口岸城市的特点突出—“满铁”迁移大连和大连港的扩建47-48
        三、城市基础设施的完备—近代都市文化的形成48-51
        四、移民城市特征51-53
第四章 大连历史文化的现状和城市风格设计53-58
    第一节 近代历史文化资源的保护开发53
    第二节 城市风格设计方案53-58
        一、“旧街区”概念的特色54-55
        二、城市特征符号标识的运用55-56
        三、城市广场与城市色调56
        四、以现代化为主体的“商都”56
        五、城市文化与文明56-58
结语58-60
参考文献60-64
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况64-65
致谢65
        
点击下载


本文地址:

上一篇:20世纪70、80年代美国的能源外交
下一篇:明代两淮灶户社会生活

分享到: 分享大连近代历史文化变迁与城市风格研究到腾讯微博           收藏
评论排行
公告