首页 > 硕士 > 历史学 > 正文

洋教习与晚清新式学堂的建立

Foreign Teachers and the Establishment of New Schools in the Late Qing Dynasty

作者: 专业:中国近现代史 导师:隋丽娟 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨师范大学

Keywords

foreign teachers, New Schools in the Late Qing Dynasty, westernization education, modernization

        中国近代教育兴起于晚清洋务派创办的新式学堂——洋务学堂。它的创办和建设冲击了传统的封建私塾教育,导致了晚清教育的变革。学必有师。新式学堂为效仿西法以自强,引进洋教习解决当时新学堂缺师的燃眉之急。来华从教的洋人在中国历史舞台上得到了一显身手的机会,并以先行者的身份在新式教育中扮演了特殊重要的角色。本文论述洋教习在新式学堂建立中,以教师身份所付出的努力工作。重点阐述洋教习在晚清新式教育兴起之际,为改变中国传统教育乃至社会风气所带来的潜移默化影响,特别是全面客观的定位洋教习在晚清新式学堂教育中的历史地位。全文主要分为五个部分:第一部分对晚清新式学堂兴起及引进洋教习的总体情况进行概述,重点阐述聘请洋教习的原因乃是晚清社会发展的必然趋势。第二部分论述洋教习在各新式学堂中的具体活动,以京师同文馆、福州船政学堂为例,具体分析洋教习对新式学校的建立所作出的贡献。第三部分传教士作为新式学堂的教习主体,通过介绍他们在教会学校中的工作,从侧面反映出传教士以教师身份参与晚清新式教育所起的导向作用。第四部分论述洋教习的西学翻译事业,着重介绍京师同文馆、江南制造总局译书机构,从西学传播中反映出洋教习对新式教育与西学发展所付出的努力。第五部分从文化传播、教育现代化等角度入手,深入剖析洋教习在晚清新式学堂建立过程中的历史地位,肯定洋教习为中国教育迈向近代化做出了巨大贡献。本文以洋教习在晚清新式学堂中的活动为切入点,力求客观评价处于社会转型时期的特殊群体在新式学堂教育中所起到的作用。
    Modern education emerged from new school founded by the Westernization Faction in the late Qing Dynasty Faction. Its founding and construction shocked traditional feudal private school education, which leading to changes in the late Qing. School must have teacher. In order to be self-improvement, new schools followed the western calendar. Meanwhile, the introduction of foreign teachers solved the urgent problems of lacking teachers. Foreign teachers had an opportunity to show their ability in the stage of Chinese history, they played a special important role in the new education as pioneers.This article discussed the foreigners worked as teachers in the establishment of new schools, especially on the imperceptible change of traditional Chinese education and society atmosphere by foreign teachers in the rise of modern education in Late Qing Dynasty. The history position of foreign teachers was evaluated comprehensively and objectively in modern school education of the late Qing Dynasty. The article consists of five parts as follows:The first chapter discussed the general situation of introducing foreign teachers and the rise of new schools on the late Qing Dynasty, focusing on the reasons to hire foreign teachers but inevitable development trend of the late Qing Dynasty.The second chapter discussed the specific activities of foreign teachers in the New Schools, such as the School of Combined Learning and Fuzhou Shipping School. Meanwhile, the contribution of foreign teachers to the establishment of new schools was specially discussed.The third chapter introduced the work of missionaries as the teaching subject in new schools, which reflected the guiding role of missionaries as teachers participate in new schools in the late Qing Dynasty.Chapter IV discussed the western learning translation of foreign teachers. Meanwhile, the translation secretariats of the School of Combined Learning and Jiangnan Manufacturing Bureau were introduced with an emphasis. The spread of the Western culture reflected the efforts of foreign teachers made to the development of Western culture as well as modern education. Chapter V objectively evaluated the history status of foreign teachers in the process of building new schools in the late Qing starting from culture transmission and education modernization. Meanwhile, the contributions to the modernization of Chinese education made by foreign teachers were defined.In this paper, foreign teachers in the activities of the New Schools in the Late Qing Dynasty was used as a starting point, an objective evaluation of the effects of the special groups in the New school education in social transition was made.
        

洋教习与晚清新式学堂的建立

摘要6-7
ABSTRACT7-8
第一章 绪论9-13
    一、该课题研究的意义与价值9-10
    二、国内外研究现状述评10-11
    三、研究的缘起及研究方法11-13
第二章 新式学堂的兴起与洋教习的聘用13-19
    一、新式学堂兴起的背景13-16
        (一) 传统士大夫的觉醒——从“师夷长技以制夷”到“师夷长技以自强”13-14
        (二) 国际外交形势迫使清政府学习西文西语14-15
        (三) 国内洋务企业大量人才的需求15-16
    二、洋教习入主新式学堂16-19
        (一) 清政府招聘洋教习的标准16-17
        (二) 受聘洋教习的待遇、薪水17-19
第三章 洋教习与各新式学堂19-28
    一、洋教习与京师同文馆19-22
        (一) 同文馆的成立19-20
        (二) 丁韪良与京师同文馆的改造20-22
    二、洋教习与福州船政学堂22-26
        (一) 船政学堂的成立23
        (二) 洋教习与船政学堂的建设23-26
    三、洋教习与上海广方言馆26-28
第四章 传教士与新式学堂教育28-32
    一、传教士参与晚清新式教育的背景28-29
    二、传教士以教师角色入主新式学堂29-32
        (一) 兴办科学教育带给新式学堂的启示29-30
        (二) 为洋务运动培养近代人才30-31
        (三) 传播西学解放中国人思想31-32
第五章 洋教习与新式学堂中的西学翻译事业32-39
    一、京师同文馆译书处32-35
        (一) 西学图书的翻译32-34
        (二) 丁韪良与西书的翻译34-35
    二、江南制造局翻译馆35-39
        (一) 翻译馆的创建35-36
        (二) 傅兰雅与西书的翻译36-37
        (三) 翻译馆的深远影响37-39
第六章 洋教习参与新式学堂教育的历史地位和影响39-45
    一、从西学文化引进角度看洋教习的传播桥梁作用39-40
    二、从教育近代化角度观洋教习的导向示范作用40-42
    三、从雇佣双方自身探晚清聘请洋教习的得失42-45
        (一) 引进洋教习对清政府的财政负担42
        (二) 洋教习本身素质的不同42-45
结论45-46
注释46-50
参考文献50-56
攻读学位期间发表的学术论文56-58
致谢58
        下载全文需50


本文地址:

上一篇:万历朝的市民运动
下一篇:论冷战期间日本对华政策中的“政经分离”原则(1952-1964)

分享到: 分享洋教习与晚清新式学堂的建立到腾讯微博           收藏
评论排行
公告 
相关硕士文献推荐