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跨文化敏感度对跨文化交际能力的影响

A Survey of Impact of Intercultural Sensitivity on Dalian University of Technology Non-English Majors’ Intercultural Communication Competence

作者: 专业:外国语言学及应用语言学 导师:周刚 年度:2010  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

        随着全世界跨文化交流的增加,人际交流变得越来越国际化,跨文化交际已经变成了人们无法避免的交际行为。在这样的社会背景下,理解和接受文化差异的能力以及和具有不同文化背景的人们有效地交际的能力就显得尤为重要。在中国外语教育界,跨文化交际能力被公认为是外语教学的最终目标。作为跨文化交际能力一个重要组成部分的跨文化敏感度在成功的跨文化交际中也起到了非常重要的作用,因此对二者进行调查和研究变得十分必要。本研究对100名大连理工大学非英语专业二年级学生的跨文化交际能力和跨文化敏感度进行了问卷调查,并应用SPSS16.0软件对所得数据进行分析,数据分析结果在一定程度上反映了二者的现状及特点。研究结果表明跨文化交际能力和跨文化敏感度都处于中等水平。通过相关分析,得出二者之间存在明显的相关关系,即可以通过加强跨文化敏感度从而提高跨文化交际能力。在跨文化敏感量表的5个因素当中,差异认同感最强,其次是交际参与度,交际愉悦感和交际专注度,而交际信心最弱。通过多元回归分析得出了交际参与度是跨文化敏感度的最佳指示变量,意味要想通过跨文化敏感度来提高跨文化交际能力,最有效的是加强交际参与度,从而对跨文化交际能力产生影响。最后针对调查结果,提出了一些能够提高跨文化敏感度和培养跨文化交际能力的建议。本研究在理论上和实践上都具有一定的意义。理论上从新的角度研究了跨文化交际能力和跨文化敏感度的关系,从而丰富了国内跨文化研究的理论。实践上为国内跨文化交际能力和跨文化敏感度的研究提供了新的实证数据,同时对外语教学提出了一些可行的建议。希望此项研究能对如何培养跨文化交际能力有借鉴作用,并能引发对跨文化交际领域内课题更加深入的探讨。
    With intercultural communication growing increasingly all over the world, interpersonal communication has become more and more global. Intercultural communication has become a communicative act that people can not avoid. Within such a social context, the ability of understanding and accepting cultural differences and communicating effectively and appropriately with people of diverse cultural backgrounds seems very important. In the field of foreign language education in China, intercultural communication competence (ICC) has already regarded as the ultimate goal in foreign language teaching. As an important component of ICC, intercultural sensitivity (ICS) plays a critical role in successful intercultural communication. Therefore, it is of great necessity to investigate ICC and ICS.The questionnaire survey was conducted among 100 second-year non-English majors in Dalian University of Technology to investigate their current status of ICC and ICS. SPSS 16.0 was employed to fulfill the statistic work. The research results showed that both ICC and ICS are medium level. By conducting correlation analysis, the correlation relationship is found between ICC and ICS, which indicates that ICC can be improved by raising level of ICS. Among five factors of intercultural sensitivity scale, the score of respect for cultural differences is the highest, and follows are interaction engagement, interaction enjoyment, interaction attentiveness, and interaction confidence. The multiple regress analysis results show that interaction engagement is the best predictor of ICS. It indicates that the enhancement of interaction engagement is more effective to improve ICC by way of increasing ICS. According to survey results, some suggestions for cultivation of ICC and ICS were proposed at last.The survey is significant both theoretically and practically. Theoretically, it examined ICC and ICS from a new angle which enriched the relevant theory in China. Practically, it provided new data to empirical intercultural studies. Besides, it also gave some feasible suggestions on foreign language teaching. It is hoped that the findings can have illuminative function in developing ICC in college foreign language teaching, and generate further researches in China.
        

跨文化敏感度对跨文化交际能力的影响

摘要4-5
Abstract5
Chapter One Introduction8-11
    1.1 Research Background8
    1.2 Significance and Purpose of the Study8-10
    1.3 Outline of the Thesis10-11
Chapter Two Literature Review11-26
    2.1 Intercultural Communication Competence11-16
        2.1.1 Concept of Intercultural Communication Competence11-15
        2.1.2 Chen and Starosta's Model of Intercultural Communication Competence15-16
    2.2 Intercultural Sensitivity16-23
        2.2.1 Concept of Intercultural Sensitivity17-20
        2.2.2 Measurements of Intercultural Sensitivity20-23
    2.3 Relevant Empirical Studies on Intercultural Sensitivity23-26
        2.3.1 Relevant Empirical Studies Abroad23-24
        2.3.2 Relevant Empirical Studies in China24-26
Chapter Three Methodology26-31
    3.1 Research Questions26
    3.2 Participants26
    3.3 Instruments26-28
    3.4 Pilot Study28-29
    3.5 Procedure29-31
        3.5.1 Data Collection29
        3.5.2 Data Analysis29-31
Chapter Four Results and Discussion31-41
    4.1 Current Status of Intercultural Communication Competence and InterculturaSensitivity31-36
        4.1.1 Current Status of Intercultural Communication Competence31-33
        4.1.2 Current Status of Intercultural Sensitivity33-36
    4.2 The Relationship between Intercultural Communication Competence andIntercultural Sensitivity36-38
    4.3 The Best Predictor of Intercultural Sensitivity38-41
Chapter Five Conclusion41-46
    5.1 Major Findings42-43
    5.2 Implications43-45
        5.2.1 Strengthening Intercultural Education43-44
        5.2.2 Designing Extracurricular Activities44-45
        5.2.3 Providing Opportunities for Cultural Exchange45
    5.3 Limitations and Recommendations for Future Research45-46
Bibliography46-49
Appendix Ⅰ Test on Intercultural Communication Competence49-54
Appendix Ⅱ Intercultural Sensitivity Scale54-56
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况56-57
Acknowledgements57-59
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