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C.S.路易斯《纳尼亚传奇》中的人物和形象构造

The Character and Image Construction in C. S. Lewis’s the Chronicles of Narnia

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:姜怡 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

HCharacter and image, construction, dialogue, borrowing other stories, direct address, The Chronicles of Narnia

        文学作品中的人物和形象是特殊的并带有情感的语言现象。他们构造于作者的文学语言之上。同时提供对于文学作品的欣赏倾向。通过分析一部作品中的人物和形象,作者创作的背景和它的美学,艺术价值能够自然流露出来。本论文将探讨影响C.S.路易斯《纳尼亚传奇》书中人物和形象构造的因素。论文将试图从三个方面探讨相关有影响的因素。巴赫金的对话理论将首先被借助来分析《纳尼亚传奇》中的一些人物和形象与它们在《圣经》当中的原型形象的内在联系。作为读者进入纳尼亚奇幻世界的一个视角。论文不仅指出了发生在这些人物和形象身上的故事情节,还指出了影响其构造的因素。本论文探讨的另外两种有影响因素是:路易斯借用其它读者们熟悉的事物和故事穿插于他的七部作品中,另外一个是路易斯直接陈述的叙述手法。通过借用读者们熟悉的事物或象征,路易斯将想象的纳尼亚世界,主人公潘文西孩子们生活的英国和读者的真实世界联系起来,也因此建构它作品中的所有人物和想象。C.S路易斯使用了直接陈述手法,意在加强并丰富人物和形象的性格特征,如此的叙述手法也在读者脑中描绘出一幅动态的图景,同时帮助C.S路易斯在对人物和形象上的建构。这部儿童奇幻文学可以从多个视角进行分析。然而,人物和形象的角度是最容易也是最自然的一种。本论文中的主题部分第三章,第四章回答了影响C.S路易斯在其《纳尼亚传奇》中人物和形象构造的因素,及这些因素是如何影响Lewis人物和形象构造的核心问题。
    Character and image are the specific and emotional phenomena in literary works.They are constructed based on writer’s literary language. And they serve certain inclination of appreciation about literary works.By analyzing the character and image in one literary work, writer’s background of creating this literary work and the literary work’s artist value are able to come out naturally. This paper will explore the elements which affects Lewis’s character and image construction in C.S.Lewis The Chronicles of Narnia.This paper is intended to explore the influential elements from three aspects.Bakhtin’s dialogue theory is introduced, firstly, into helping to analyze the inter-connection between character and image in The Chronicles and its relative prototypal character and image in Bible. As one perspective to lead readers to come into imaginative Narnian world, this paper goes beyond figuring out what plots happened on those characters and images, also points out exactly influential elements from Lewis’s childhood experience to his lifetime faith.Lewis’s borrowing other stories which readers are familiar with and his narrative skill of direct address are the other two aspects this paper uses to explore his character and image construction elements. By borrowing the familiar stories or symbols, Lewis connected his creative his creative Narnian world with Pevensie’s England as well as our reader’s real world, in order to construct all the characters and images he needs in his seven Narnian books. Lewis’s direct address is an absolute narrative way to enhance and enrich his character and image’s characteristic and personality. Through using this specific narration skill, it also depicts a vivid pictures in reader’s mind, therefore helps Lewis to construct his character and image in The Chronicles.The Chronicles can be approached from a couple of perspectives and angles.However, the character and image way is one of the most easy and nature way. These three aspects are this thesis’main body part which answers a thesis core question. That is what elements has affected Lewis construct his character and image and answers the question of how they have been affected in The Chronicles of Narnia.
        

C.S.路易斯《纳尼亚传奇》中的人物和形象构造

摘要4-5
Abstract5
Chapter 1 Introduction7-9
Chapter 2 Literature Review9-22
    2.1 Introduction to Lewis9-11
    2.2 An overview of previous studies of The Chronicles of Narnia11-19
        2.2.1 Childhood and family influence12-13
        2.2.2 Christian images13-14
        2.2.3 Mythology and allusion14
        2.2.4 Feminism14-16
        2.2.5 Philosophical thoughts16-18
        2.2.6 Summary18-19
    2.3 Brief introduction to dialogism19-22
Chapter 3 C.S.Lewis's image and character construction in The Chronicles in Bakhtin'sdialogism22-32
    3.1 Bakhtin's own understanding of dialogue in literature22-25
    3.2 Lewis's application of dialogue in his The Chronicles25-26
    3.3 Aslan26-28
    3.4 Digory28-29
    3.5 The White Witch29-32
Chapter 4 C.S.Lewis's character and image construction in The Chronicles throughother narrative skill32-39
    4.1 Borrowing familiar stories32-33
    4.2 Direct address33-35
    4.3 Extreme truth and humanity beauty reflected from characters35-39
Chapter 5 Conclusion39-42
Bibliography42-44
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况44-45
Acknowledgements45-47
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