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英汉校内通知信息流模式的对比分析

The Contrastive Analysis of Chinese "Tongzhi" and English Memos on Campus-from the Perspective of Information Flow Theory

作者: 专业:外国语言学及应用语言学 导师:刘卉 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

Campus Notices, the Information Flow, Contrastive analysis

        随着社会全球化的不断发展,国际间的交流合作日益增多。外国人的身影在中国的大街小巷随处可见。中国的校园中也能看见外国人的身影,他们有的在学校任教,有的是来中国求学的。校内通知是用于学校内部互相通知学校事项的公文。学校的员工,学生都可以通过阅读校内通知来获悉校内最近要发生的事情。但是很多来中国的外国人都不懂汉语,学校又没有与其通知相对应的英文版本,造成学校一些事件无法即使准确的传达给校内的外国人。如何解决这个问题,首先我们要了解国内外校内通知的形式,分类。本文从通知传达信息不同的角度,将汉英校内通知都进行好消息,坏消息,中性消息的分类,并运用信息流理论,对这三种类型的英汉校内通知做对比分析,旨在发现二者之间的差异。本文主要包括五大部分,第一部分介绍本文的研究背景,研究目的及研究方法;第二部分主要是了解英汉通知的定义,及分类,并在此基础上对汉语通知进行了新分类;第三部分是全文的理论框架部分,主要涉及到的理论包括信息理论,韩礼德的主位-述位结构理论,已知-未知信息结构理论,信息流理论以及功能对能。第四部分为本文的核心章节,首先要了解英文通知好消息,坏消息,中性消息的信息排列方式,在此基础上,将三种类型的汉语通知与英文通知做对比分析找出其差异。第五部分为本文的结论部分,除了对全文进行总结外,还提出文章研究的局限性以及对以后的研究提出建议。
    Along with the progressive of globalization, there is more and more international communication and cooperation. Foreigners can be seen everywhere in China. On campus, there are many foreigners, some of them are teachers and some are students. Campus notice is a kind of practical text used to inform school affairs within the school. All staff members and students get the information though reading the notices. Whereas, for many foreigners in China don’t understand Chinese, and there is no correspondent English version of it, all of these situations cause the information could not be conveyed to foreigners in time and correctly.In order to solve this problem, the first thing we should do is to know the form and classification of notices at home and abroad. In this paper, both the Chinese notices and English memos can be divided into good-news, bad-news and neutral notices from the perspective of messages conveyed in notices. Then the Information Flow theory is applied to make the contrastive analysis of Chinese notices and English memos. All of this aims at finding the differences between them.This paper includes 5 parts. The first part is the introduction part, research background, objective, and methodology are introduced here; in the second part we mainly get to know the definitions and classifications of Chinese notices and English memos, a new classification of Chinese notices is also suggested in this part; part three talks about the. relevant theories involved in this paper, including information theory, Halliday’s theme-rheme structure, given-new information structure, information flow theory and Functional Equivalence; the fourth part is the core part, the information arrangements of English good-news, bad-news and neutral memos should be obtained first, then contrastive analysis is applied to find out the differences; the fifth part is the conclusion part, it’s not only make a conclusion of this paper, the limitations and further study recommendations are suggested.
        

英汉校内通知信息流模式的对比分析

摘要4-5
Abstract5
Chapter 1 Introduction8-10
    1.1 Research Background8
    1.2 Research Objective8-9
    1.3 Research Methodology9
    1.4 Structure of the Thesis9-10
Chapter 2 Literature Review10-17
    2.1 Definitions of "Tongzhi"10-11
    2.2 Categorizations of "Tongzhi"11-12
    2.3 Definitions of Memos12-13
    2.4 Categorizations of Memos13-15
        2.4.1 in terms of the purpose of memos13-14
        2.4.2 in terms of the messages conveyed in memos14
        2.4.3 in terms of the information arrangement in memos14-15
    2.5 Overlapping Parts between "Tongzhi" and Memos15
    2.6 Suggested Categorization of Chinese "Tongzhi"15-17
Chapter 3 Theoretical Framework17-28
    3.1 Foundation of the Information Theory17-19
        3.1.1 Information function of language17-18
        3.1.2 The Information Theory18-19
        3.1.3 Information Translation19
    3.2 Discourse Analysis19-22
        3.2.1 Theme-rhemestructure20-21
        3.2.2 Given-New Information Structure21-22
    3.3 Information Flow22-26
    3.4 Functional Equivalence Theory26-28
        3.4.1 Roman Jakobson's Equivalence Theory26
        3.4.2 Eugene Nida's Equivalence Theory26-28
Chapter 4 Contrastive Analysis of Campus "Tongzhi"28-50
    4.1 Uses and Advantages of Memos28
        4.1.1 Uses of Memos28
        4.1.2 Advantages of Memos28
    4.2 Message Arrangement of Memos28-33
        4.2.1 Deductive Approach29-30
        4.2.2 Inductive Approach for Negative Messages30-32
        4.2.3 Inductive Approach for Persuasive Messages32-33
    4.3 Contrastive Analysis through Information Flow33-45
        4.3.1 Good-News "Tongzhi"34-38
        4.3.2 Bad-News "Tongzhi"38-42
        4.3.3 Neutral-News "Tongzhi"42-45
    4.4 Quantitative Analysis45-50
        4.4.1 Distribution of Messages45-47
        4.4.2 Distribution of Information Arrangement47-50
Chapter 5 Conclusions50-52
    5.1 Summary50-51
    5.2 Limitations and Recommendations for Further Study51-52
Bibliography52-54
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况54-55
Acknowledgements55-57
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