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论弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫小说《达洛卫夫人》中的时间概念

Time in Virginia Woolf’s Mrs. Dalloway

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:秦明利 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

Time, Woolf, Mrs.Dalloway

        时间是伍尔夫小说中的一个重要主题。与传统文学作品重视物理时间而忽视内心时间的结构模式相反,伍尔夫的小说往往在心理时间内探索人物内心的真实。她认为,心理时间与物理时间不同,没有人为规定的精准单位,而是由无数个瞬间相互渗透构成的有机整体,它承载着一个延绵不断的意识之流,因而更接近人物内心的真实和生活的本质。在心理时间内,人们可以通过回忆自由地穿梭于过去、现在和未来之间,从而解开了传统时间观念的线性发展的死结。伍尔夫对时间的探索贯穿于她的成名作《达洛卫夫人》的始终。在这部小说中,时间不仅具有结构层面的意义,也在主题表达上起到了重要作用。伍尔夫完全脱离了传统的小说创作轨道,形成了自己独特的创作风格。小说没有令人激动的情节发展,没有栩栩如生的人物刻画,甚至没有明确的结局,但整部小说内在结构严谨,以达洛卫夫人的晚宴为线索,在有限的客观时间内利用无限的心理时间讲述了克拉丽莎,赛普蒂默斯,彼得等不同人物一生的阅历和感触,同时折射出小说对人生的深入思考。本文重点探讨伍尔夫小说《达洛卫夫人》中独特的时间概念。首先,通过对传统时间观念和现代主义时间观念的对比研究,本文总结了伍尔夫与众不同的心理时间观念。另外,本文通过细致的文本分析,探讨了小说《达洛卫夫人》所呈现的四种时间框架,即钟表时间,内心时间,历史时间和宇宙时间,及其如何表达了小说的主题。这四种时间框架不但在结构上完成了对传统小说的创新,也体现了作者对死亡、自由、战争和博爱等主题的思考与探索。本文从时间意识的角度对上述主题进行分析,以期更好地理解伍尔夫的创作思想和人生态度。
    Time is an important theme in Woolf s novels.In contrast to the traditional way of handling time which emphasizes physical time while neglecting inner time, Woolf s novels tend to explore the inner truth of human lives within the framework of psychological time. She highly emphasizes that reality lies in inner time, which is a flux of life composed of a series of moments of elasticity exerting different influences upon human lives.Time flows in uninterrupted succession, and the individual carried along by time can use memory to travel back and exist in the past before entering into the future.Woolf’s exploration of time runs throughout her first well-known novel Mrs. Dalloway, in which time has not only structural meanings, but also important thematic functions. The novel is characterized by its temporal non-plot structure and disjointed character development. All the events narrated in Mrs. Dalloway take place in a single day in mid-June, yet Woolf s unique time treatment in this novel enables it to reveal the inner experience of the entire life of the main characters, such as Clarissa Dalloway, Septimus Warren Smith and Peter Walsh, etc.,as well as the novel’s deep reflections about the meaning of life.This thesis aims to study time in Woolf’s novel Mrs. Dalloway. First, through a comparative study of the traditional and modern treatment of time, Woolf s special time perception is presented. Besides, a detailed textual analysis of time in Mrs. Dalloway is carried out, and it’s found that there are four kinds of time frameworks in the novel, namely clock time, inner time, historical time and cosmic time, serving not only to construct a special and innovative plot structure, but also to reveal the main themes of Mrs. Dalloway, including the novel’s reflection about death, freedom, war and love. Hopefully, the research in this thesis can fill the gap between the studies on time and studies on the main themes of Mrs. Dalloway, and thus contribute to a better understanding of Woolf s ideas as a writer and a thinker.
        

论弗吉尼亚·伍尔夫小说《达洛卫夫人》中的时间概念

摘要4-5
Abstract5
Chapter 1 Introduction7-9
Chapter 2 Literature Review9-19
    2.1 Woolf studies in the West9-11
    2.2 Woolf studies in China11-14
    2.3 Studies on Mrs. Dalloway14-16
    2.4 Studies on time in Mrs. Dalloway16-19
Chapter 3 Woolf s Perception of Time19-28
    3.1 A contrast between traditional and modern treatment of time19-22
    3.2 Woolf's perception of time22-28
        3.2.1. Inner time over clock time24-25
        3.2.2 Moments of being25-26
        3.2.3 Unity of the past and present26-28
Chapter 4 Time Frameworks in Mrs. Dalloway28-35
    4.1 Clock time28-30
    4.2 Inner time30-32
    4.3 Historical time32-33
    4.4 Cosmic time33-35
Chapter 5 Analysis of the Themes from the Perspective of Time35-42
    5.1 Death and clock time35-36
    5.2 Freedom and inner time36-38
    5.3 War and historical time38-40
    5.4 Love and cosmic time40-42
Chapter 6 Conclusion42-45
    6.1 Major Findings42-43
    6.2 Implications43
    6.3 Limitations43-44
    6.4 Recommendations44-45
Bibliography45-48
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况48-49
Acknowledgements49-51
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