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摆动的天平—《大海,大海》中查尔斯善与恶的平衡

Tipping of the Scale: the Balance Between the Good and Evil of Charles in the Sea, the Sea

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:于丽艳 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

关键词

平衡
Keywords

evil, Good, balancing

        默多克是英国著名的小说家和哲学家,她认为每个人的内心深处都蕴含着“善”,“善”也成为她小说永恒的主题。默多克通过描述《大海,大海》中主人公的内心由“恶”到“善”的转变过程,揭示了她对“善”的哲学理念以及如何达到“善”。基于默多克的哲学思想,本文从四个方面对主人的转变进行了分析:从自欺欺人到自我认识;从敌对到和解;从幻想到现实;从漠然到超然,通过描述主人公的变化过程,揭示了“善”是真实的,可以实现。达到“善”,需要人们放弃自我以及对他人的控制,学会去爱,去注意并肯定别人的存在。
    Murdoch is an eminent British novelist and philosopher, she believes there is a profound intuition of Good in every human being, and Good is the eternal theme of her works. As for The Sea, the Sea, through the protagonist’s transformation process from evil to Good, Murdoch presents her philosophical idea of Good and how to be Good. Based on Murdoch’s philosophical concept, the thesis has analyzed the conversion of the protagonist in four aspects: from self-deception to self-recognition; from confrontation to reconciliation; from fantasy to reality; from indifference to detachment. Through the analysis of the protagnist’s transformation, this thesis demonstrates that Good is real and we have access to it. To be Good, one must abandon one’s private self and the manipulation of others; to be Good, one should be able to love, to see, to affirm the reality of others.
        

摆动的天平—《大海,大海》中查尔斯善与恶的平衡

Acknowledgements5-6
摘要6-7
Abstract7
Chapter 1 Introduction10-22
    1.1 About Iris Murdoch10-14
    1.2 About The Sea, the Sea14-18
    1.3 Literature Review18-20
    1.4 The Structure of the Thesis20-22
Chapter 2 Tipping to the Evil22-43
    2.1 The Inner Evil22-33
        2.1.1 Jealousy22-26
        2.1.2 Manipulative Desire26-30
        2.1.3 Mental Confusion30-33
    2.2 The Outer Impacts33-43
        2.2.1 The Poorish Childhood33-36
        2.2.2 Failed Family Bonds36-38
        2.2.3 The Fictitious Theatre Life38-43
Chapter 3 Balancing—Evil vs. Good43-73
    3.1 How to be Good43-46
    3.2 Balancing46-66
        3.2.1 From Self-deception to Self-recognition46-51
        3.2.2 From Confrontation to Reconciliation51-54
        3.2.3 From Fantasy to Reality54-63
        3.2.4 From Indifference to Detachment63-66
    3.3 Redemption through Suffering66-73
        3.3.1 Afflicting Pain on Others67-70
        3.3.2 Afflicting Pain on Self70-73
Chapter 4 Tipping to the Good73-80
    4.1 James—the Catalyst of Transformation73-76
    4.2 The Eye of the “I”76-80
Chapter 5 Conclusion80-84
Works Cited84-88
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果88
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