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解读《一九八四》中的极权主义

Interpretation of Totalitarianism in Nineteen Eighty-four

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:雷萍 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

Nineteen Eighty-Four, George Orwell, totalitarianism

        作为一部典型的反对极权主义的警世小说,乔治·奥威尔的《一九八四》对现代社会影响深远,并享有国际盛誉。本文以极权主义的相关理论研究为基础,力求全面而深入地解读极权主义,从而引起人们对现代极权主义主题的思考和重视。本文主要从运行机制,运行效果和现代启示三方面详尽解读《一九八四》中的极权主义。并最终将极权主义的现代启示意义作为本文的落脚点和归宿,阐明极权主义在社会各领域无所不在、根深蒂固的特性,力图唤醒人们对现代极权的关注和思考。
    As a typical anti-totalitarian cautionary novel, Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell, exerts profound influence on modern society and enjoys widespread reputation in the world. This paper, grounded on concerned theories of totalitarianism in past researches, attempts to interpret totalitarianism deeply and completely so as to provoke people’s thought and cause their attention on the theme of modern totalitarianism. The paper expounds totalitarianism in Nineteen Eighty-Four from three perspectives: operation mechanism, operation effect and modern revelation. It finally takes the modern significance of totalitarianism as the stance and end-point of the paper and demonstrates the ubiquitous and deeply-rooted characteristics of totalitarianism in various social fields to arouse people’s attention and deliberation on modern totalitarianism.
        

解读《一九八四》中的极权主义

Acknowledgements5-6
摘要6-7
Abstract7
Chapter 1 Introduction10-26
    1.1 George Orwell and Nineteen Eighty-Four10-17
    1.2 Critical Researches on Nineteen Eighty-Four17-19
    1.3 A Brief Introduction to Totalitarianism19-22
        1.3.1 The Concept of Totalitarianism19-20
        1.3.2 The Origin and Development of Totalitarianism20-22
    1.4 The Approaches of the Paper22-26
Chapter 2 Operation Mechanism of Totalitarianism in Nineteen Eighty-Four26-54
    2.1 Ubiquitous Control26-29
    2.2 Designed Poverty29-35
        2.2.1 Inefficiency of the Economy30-32
        2.2.2 Scarcity of Food32-35
    2.3 Mind Control35-41
    2.4 Elimination of Privacy41-45
    2.5 Strict Hierarchy45-49
        2.5.1 Hierarchy in Architecture46-48
        2.5.2 Hierarchy in Possession48-49
    2.6 Alteration of Language49-54
Chapter 3 Operation Effect of Totalitarianism in Nineteen Eighty-Four54-67
    3.1 Spiritual Degeneration in physical torment54-61
        3.1.1 Winston’s Failure to Self-fulfillment55-58
        3.1.2 Winston’s Final Downfall58-61
    3.2 Road to Instinct Rebellion and Betrayal61-67
Chapter 4 Modern Revelation of Totalitarianism67-74
    4.1 Realism of Totalitarianism67-69
    4.2 Modernity of Totalitarianism69-71
    4.3 Warning Significance of Totalitarianism71-74
Chapter 5 Conclusion74-76
Works cited76-79
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果79
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