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权势关系的语用分析

A Pragmtic Study on Power-Relation

作者: 专业:外国语言学及应用语言学 导师:孙启耀 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

power-relation, power superior, power inferior, expression of affective meaning

        本文的主要目的是从言语行为理论、合作原则、礼貌原则及面子理论的角度对权势关系进行语用分析,说明了权势关系在人际交流,尤其是情感表达中的影响作用,旨在对权势关系语境下的有效交流,即,如何使交流效果达到最佳,提供一些帮助。在现实社会中,每个人都占有一定的社会地位,与他人构成一定的社会关系。权势关系是与一致关系相对应的一种社会关系,几乎在生活中的各个方面均有体现。本文重点从语用学角度进行了语篇分析,指出在交际过程中,尤其在真正理解,亦或表明说话人意图时,权势关系是言语行为的重要的影响力来源和违反合作原则的解释焦点;在权势关系语境中,双方遵循礼貌原则和面子理论以维持良好和谐的关系。此外,本文进一步揭示了强调权势关系的重要意义。一方面,权势情感化能够构建人际的情感语境,造成情感发生的条件;另一方面,权势关系对情感意义的表达有制约作用。
    The primary objective of the study is to have a better understanding of the role of power-relation in communication, especially its influential role in the expression of affective meaning, by analyzing power-relation from the perspective of pragmatic principles: speech act theory, cooperative principle, politeness principle, and face theory, in order to communicate effectively with others and to achieve a maximum effect.In real society, everyone has his own social status and social relation with other people. Corresponding to solidarity, power-relation is a relationship that is almost embodied in every aspect of daily life. By making discourse analysis, the author analyzes power-relation from pragmatic perspective and gets some pragmatic functions: power-relation is an essential source of influence on speech acts and the focus of explanation of the reason why cooperative principle is violated. In power-relation context, people observe the politeness principle and face theory in order to maintain good and harmonious relation. In addition, this study makes further investigations into the implication of highlighting power-relation. On the one hand, emotionalized power-relation builds affective context and catalyze the production of affection. On the other hand, power-relation restrains the expression of affective meaning.
        

权势关系的语用分析

Acknowledgements5-6
摘要6-7
Abstract7
Chapter 1 Introduction10-14
    1.1 Purpose of Study10-12
    1.2 Organization of the Study12-14
Chapter 2 Literature Review of Power-Relation14-31
    2.1 Studies on Power14-15
    2.2 Definition of Power-Relation15-19
    2.3 Speech Acts Theory and Power-Relation19-22
    2.4 Cooperative Principle and Power-Relation22-26
    2.5 Politeness Principle, Face Theory and Power-Relation26-31
Chapter 3 The Pragmatic Functions of Highlighting Power-Relation in Communication31-65
    3.1 Obtaining the Implicit Meaning by Highlighting Power-Relation31-45
        3.1.1 Praising or Flattering Others by Compliments within Power-Relation Context33-40
        3.1.2 Getting Others to Take Action by Requests within Power-Relation Context40-45
    3.2 Implementing Effective Communication by Highlighting Power-Relation45-56
        3.2.1 Attaining the Object by Violating the Quantity Maxim47-49
        3.2.2 Expressing Emotions by Violating the Quality Maxim49-52
        3.2.3 Transferring Topics by Violating the Relevant Maxim52-54
        3.2.4 Expressing Opinions by Violating the Manner Maxim54-56
    3.3 Maintaining Harmony by Being Polite to Others and Keeping Other’s Face within Power-Relation Context56-65
Chapter 4 The Implication of Highlighting Power-Relation65-75
    4.1 Emotionalized Power-Relation Building Affective Context66-68
    4.2 Power-Relation Restraining the Expression of Affective Meaning68-75
        4.2.1 The Driving Force of Power Superiors and Power Inferiors68-71
        4.2.2 The Power Change of Power Superiors and Power Inferiors71-75
Chapter 5 Conclusion75-78
Works Cited78-82
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