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人际交往中权势关系的语言学研究

Linguistic Approach to Power Relations in Interpersonal Communication

作者: 专业:外国语言学及应用语言学 导师:孙启耀 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

power relations, critical discourse analysis, linguistic approach

        社会不是孤立的个体存在,而是不同社会群体间动态关系的形成。正是这些不同社会群体间的交流导致了权势关系的产生。然而,人们已经适应了常规的交流方式,并没有注意到人际交往中所隐含的权势关系。批评性话语分析关注语言中的权势关系和不平等,探讨话语和社会文化形态之间隐藏的权势关系,揭示话语中的意识形态和不平等。此外,许多系统功能语言学家为批评框架下的权势关系研究奠定了一定的理论基础。如韩礼德对情景语境的分类和对言语功能的研究,马丁对权势和地位的研究,以及哈桑对社会角色的系统分析等等。由于批评性话语分析学家大多关注从书面语篇的角度分析权势关系,对口语语篇中的权势关系分析甚少。本文采用了批评性的研究视角,在批评性话语分析和系统功能语言学的理论框架下,从不同的语言学角度,如语音学,词汇学以及语用学等角度剖析口语语篇中不同社会角色之间的关系,旨在通过分析不同类型的口语语篇来诠释人际交往中会话者所扮演的社会角色极其潜在的权势关系。
    Society is not the isolated individual existence in some stratified structure, but a dynamic formation of relationships between different social status. It is the communications between these various social statuses that gives rise to the formation of power relations. However, we simply take for granted the numerous ways we use language in our social interactions because they are so deeply embedded in our daily affairs. That’s why we are always unaware of the latent power relations in the communications around us. Critical Discourse Analysis (abbreviated: CDA), which concerns itself with relations of power and inequality in language, aims to unmask power relations hidden in discourse and how discourse is shaped by way of its relation with power and ideology. In addition, researches of many systemic-functional linguists laid a foundation for the critical framework of power relations, such as, Halliday’s classification of context of situation and researches of speech function, Martin’s researches on status and power, Hasan’s detailed analysis of social relations, and so forth.However, CDA has put much effort into the study of written discourses, but its exploration of spoken discourses is virtually scarce and neglected. The thesis adopts a critical view, and analyzes the hidden power relations between different social relations in various types of spoken discourses from the perspective of phonology, lexicology and pragmatics under the theoretical framework of critical discourse analysis and systemic-functional linguistics.
        

人际交往中权势关系的语言学研究

Acknowledgements5-6
摘要6-7
Abstract7
Chapter 1 Introduction10-19
    1.1 Background of the Thesis10-13
    1.2 Purpose and Significance of the Thesis13-16
    1.3 Organization of the Thesis16-19
Chapter 2 Literature Review19-28
    2.1 Definitions of Power19-20
    2.2 Power and Discourse20-22
    2.3 Related Theories on Power Relations22-28
        2.3.1 Theory of Critical Discourse Analysis22-24
        2.3.2 Theory of Systemic-functional Linguistics24-28
Chapter 3 Power as the Main Concern of Critical Discourse Analysis28-56
    3.1 Power: An Inherent Factor in Discourse28-33
    3.2 Interpretation of Power Relations in Different Types of Discourses33-50
        3.2.1 Power Relations Embodied in Gender Discourse34-36
        3.2.2 Power Relations Embedded in Generation Discourse36-39
        3.2.3 Power Relations Hidden in Professional Discourse39-46
        3.2.4 Power Relations Reflected in Corporate Discourse46-48
        3.2.5 Power Relations Displayed in Service Discourse48-50
    3.3 Additional Findings of Power Relations in Discourse50-56
        3.3.1 Role Exchange of Power Relations50-52
        3.3.2 Power Struggle in Discourse52-56
Chapter 4 Linguistic Approach to the Interpretation of Power Relations in Interpersonal Communication56-102
    4.1 Phonological Approach to Power Relations56-61
    4.2 Lexical Approach to Power Relations61-71
        4.2.1 Modal Expressions and Power Relations62-67
        4.2.2 Vocatives and Power Relations67-71
    4.3 Pragmatic Approach to Power Relations71-102
        4.3.1 Cooperative Principle and Power Relations72-81
        4.3.2 Interpretation of Power Relations from the Perspective of Conversational Structure81-102
Chapter 5 Conclusion102-105
Works cited105-110
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果110
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