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基于意象图式理论的名词词义扩展研究

—— 以汉语“头”字为例
A Study of Meaning Extensions of Nouns Based on Image Schema Theory

作者: 专业:外国语言学及应用语言学 导师:袁菲 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

image schema, image schema transformation, cognition, perception

        作为身体体验与语言认知的纽带,意象图式被看作是认知语言学的支柱理论之一。众多学者围绕着意象图式的产生、描述、映射及转换进行了较为全面的研究与探讨。意象图式作为一种身体与外界进行感知互动的动态结构能够对空间运动知觉进行认知表述,因而意象图式理论被语言学家用于对介词、副词及少数动词的一词多义现象的阐释。本文在以往意象图式研究的基础上,以汉语“头”字的外延词义为例,试图说明名词词义的扩展同样是基于意象图式及其转换的。通过“容器”、“路径”、“中心-边缘”、“部分-整体”等主要图式及三种意象图式的转换,“头”字的原义被扩展为对空间、时间或抽象关系的表述。这一研究表明,意象图式对名词词义扩展的解释揭示了词义间内在联系的本质,并且可以提高我们对语言的认知能力。借助有限的意象图式我们可以更加简单有效地习得大量的单词。
    As the link of bodily experience and language cognition, image schema is regarded as a pillar theory of cognitive linguistics. Comprehensive studies and discussions concerning the emergence, profiling, mapping and transformation of image schemas have been made by many scholars. As dynamic patterns of the perceptual interaction between body and the environment, image schemas are able to cognitively represent the spatial movement perception, so image schema theory has been used to analyze the polysemy of prepositions, adverbs and a few verbs.Based on the previous studies of image schemas,the meaning extensions of Chinese character“tou”via image schemas and image schema transformations have been illustrated in this thesis. The original meaning of Chinese character“tou”is extended to represent both spatial, temporal and abstract relationships through the main types of image schemas like CONTAINER, PATH, CENTRE-PERIPHERY, PART-WHOLE and three types of image schema transformations. This study reveals that the analysis of meaning extension of a noun from the perspective of image schemas reveals the nature of the interrelated relationship of meanings, and will promote our ability of language cognition. And a large number of vocabularies can be acquired easily and efficiently through limited image schemas.
        

基于意象图式理论的名词词义扩展研究

Acknowledgements5-6
摘要6-7
Abstract7-8
Contents9-11
Chapter 1 Introduction11-15
    1.1 Image Schema in Cognition Process11-12
    1.2 Significance of the Study12-13
    1.3 Organization of the Thesis13-15
Chapter 2 Literature Review15-34
    2.1 Image Schema Studies Abroad18-29
    2.2 Image Schema Studies in China29-34
Chapter 3 Meaning Extensions of “tou”Based on Image Schema34-87
    3.1 Meaning Extensions of “tou”via Image Schemas34-77
        3.1.1 Extension via CONTAINER Image Schema36-42
        3.1.2 Extension via SOURCE-PATH-GOAL Image Schema42-47
        3.1.3 Extension via PART-WHOLE Image Schema47-51
        3.1.4 Extension via CENTRE–PERIPHERY Image Schema51-57
        3.1.5 Extension via FRONT-BACK Image Schema57-63
        3.1.6 Extension via SCALE Image Schema63-69
        3.1.7 Extension via Image Schema Transformations69-77
    3.2 Process of Meaning Extensions of “tou”based on Image Schemas77-83
        3.2.1 Sensory-Motor Experiences77-79
        3.2.2 Preconceptual Image Schemas79-81
        3.2.3 Projection of Image Schemas81-83
    3.3 Types of Extended Meanings of “tou”83-85
        3.3.1 Extended Meanings in Spatial Domain83-84
        3.3.2 Extended Meanings in Temporal Domain84
        3.3.3 Extended Meanings in Abstract Domain84-85
    3.4 Property of Extended Meanings of “tou”85-87
Chapter 4 Conclusion87-90
Note90-91
Works Cited91-97
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果97
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