中英篮球新闻报道中隐喻的对比研究

—— 基于Indurkhya的互动理论
A Comparative Study of Metaphor in English and Chinese Basketball News Reports

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:梁红 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

metaphor, basketball, news reports, Indurkhya, Interactionist Theory

        隐喻是一种非常常见的语言现象,并被研究探索了很长时间。隐喻研究有不同的角度:比较理论;互动理论;映射理论和概念整合理论。如今隐喻研究呈现出跨学科的趋势。本论文基于Indurkhya的互动理论,比较地研究了中英篮球新闻报道中隐喻使用的异同。本论文选取《中国日报》和《中国体育报》关于2008到2009赛季NBA和CBA的报道中出现的隐喻,将这些隐喻按照Indurkhya互动理论从不同的角度进行分类,并做比较分析,以找出中英篮球新闻报道中隐喻使用的异同及其原因。通过分析发现,在中英篮球新闻报道中,隐喻使用的相同之处在于隐喻的来源以及相同的认知环境,而不同之处则来源于不同的文化和语言使用。这些证实了Indurkhya的理论中一个方面,即隐喻是概念世界和现实世界互动的结果;而本论文的分析结果则没有体现出Indurkhya理论中创造相似性的隐喻是认知的基础这一方面。
    Metaphor is a common linguistic phenomenon, which has been studied for a long time. Metaphor has been studied from different approaches: comparison theory, interaction theory, mapping theory and conceptual blending theory. Now it shows the interdisciplinary trend. This thesis studies the similarities and differences of the usages of metaphors in English and Chinese basketball news reports from the aspect of Indurkhya’s Interactionist Theory. This study objects are selected from basketball news reports in China Daily and Sports Daily during 08-09 season of NBA and CBA, and then classified according to Indurkhya’s Interactionist Theory. Then the frequency and occurrence of the different metaphors are analyzed so as to find out their similarities and differences in Chinese and English news reports and the reasons.This study finds out that in English and Chinese basketball news reports, the similarities in use of metaphors come from metaphor origins and same cognitive surroundings, while the differences come from the different cultural and language use. The results show that Indurkhya’s theory is suitable partially, that is, metaphors are the result of interaction between conceptual world and reality, while the other aspect of the theory----similarity-creating metaphors are the basis of the cognition cannot be proved.
        

中英篮球新闻报道中隐喻的对比研究

Acknowledgements5-6
摘要6-7
Abstract7
Chapter 1 Introduction11-13
    1.1 Background Information11-12
    1.2 Significance of the Thesis12
    1.3 Structure of the Thesis12-13
Chapter 2 Literature Review13-27
    2.1 The Study of Metaphor Abroad13-18
    2.2 Indurkhya’s Interactionist Theory18-23
    2.3 The Study of Metaphor in China23-27
Chapter 3 The Empirical Study of Metaphor in English and Chinese Basketball News Reports27-31
    3.1 Research Subject27-28
    3.2 Research Method28
    3.3 Data Collection28-31
        3.3.1 English Data Collection29
        3.3.2 Chinese Data Collection29-31
Chapter 4 Data Analyses and Discussions31-88
    4.1 Similar and Different Use of Metaphor from the Aspect of Indurkhya’s Classification of Metaphor31-49
        4.1.1 Result of Data Classification31-32
        4.1.2 Similarities32-42
        4.1.3 Differences42-49
    4.2 Similar and Different Use of Metaphor Based on Original Meanings of Metaphors49-73
        4.2.1 Result of Data Classification49-51
        4.2.2 Similarities51-66
        4.2.3 Differences66-73
    4.3 Similar and Different Use of Metaphor from the Aspect of the Location in Titles of News Reports73-81
        4.3.1 Result of Data Classification73-74
        4.3.2 Similarities74-78
        4.3.3 Differences78-81
    4.4 Similar and Different Use of Metaphor Based on the Classification of Part of Speech81-85
        4.4.1 Result of Data Classification81-82
        4.4.2 Similarities82-84
        4.4.3 Differences84-85
    4.5 Other Reasons for Different Use of Metaphor85-86
    4.6 Summary86-88
Chapter 5 Conclusion88-90
Works Cited90-92
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果92
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