论《八月之光》主人公乔·克里斯莫斯的异化与反异化

On the Alienation and Anti-alienation of Joe Christmas in Light in August

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:杨剑 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

theory of labor alienation, notion of race, alienation, anti-alienation

        本文根据马克思的劳动异化理论分析了《八月之光》中黑白混血儿乔这一人物异化和反异化的过程及原因。乔孤独的生活方式,被异化的行为、习惯以及他对家庭和爱情的冷漠态度无不表现出他被异化的性格。其异化的原因主要有三点:种族歧视,加尔文主义和女人对他的影响。在反异化的过程中,乔开始认识到自己肩负的责任,并接受了自己的身份。但是由于个人力量的薄弱,乔不得不屈服于社会的强大力量而成为牺牲品、替罪羊。通过对乔从异化到反异化过程的分析,本论文指出乔的人生悲剧是由复杂的个人原因和社会原因造成的。如果当时的南方社会能对乔这样的人持有一颗宽容之心,也许他的命运会截然不同。乔的悲剧并不局限于某个特定的时空,而是对整个人类都具有普遍的现实意义。真正的和谐社会,应该是对不同种族、思想和文化的尊重和融合。
    Based on Marx’s theory of labor alienation, this thesis analyzes the alienation and anti-alienation process of Joe, the mulatto in Light in August and the causes of this process. Joe’s isolated lifestyle, his alienated habits and behaviors and his apathetic attitude toward family and love, all demonstrate the alienation in his characters. Joe’s alienation can be attributed to three points: racial discrimination, Calvinism, and women’s influences on him. In the process of Joe’s anti-alienation, he realizes his responsibility and accepts his identity. However, as a poor creature facing the powerful social force, Joe has to surrender to the indifferent society and turns to be a victim, a scapegoat in it.Through analyzing the development of Joe’s alienation to anti-alienation, this thesis points out that Joe’s tragedy is due to complex internal causes and social causes. If the Southern society could hold a tolerate attitude towards Joe, his life journey might be totally different. Joe’s tragic story is not limited to a specific time and space, but has a universal, realistic significance to all human beings: the true harmoniousness in society is to respect and integrate different races, thoughts and cultures.
        

论《八月之光》主人公乔·克里斯莫斯的异化与反异化

Acknowledgements5-6
摘要6-7
Abstract7
Chapter 1 Introduction10-25
    1.1 Introduction to William Faulkner10-13
    1.2 Light in August13-21
        1.2.1 Background13-15
        1.2.2 The Main Plots15-17
        1.2.3 Literature Review17-21
    1.3 Marx’s Theory of Alienation21-25
Chapter 2 Joe’s Alienation25-40
    2.1 Joe’s Isolated Lifestyle26-30
    2.2 Joe’s Alienated Habits and Behaviors30-35
    2.3 Joe’s Apathetic Attitude toward Family and Love35-40
Chapter 3 The Causes of Joe’s Alienation40-61
    3.1 Internal Causes—Joe’s Identity Dilemma42-46
    3.2 Social Causes46-61
        3.2.1 Racial Discrimination46-50
        3.2.2 Religious Fanaticism50-57
        3.2.3 Women’s Influences on Joe57-61
Chapter 4 Joe’s Anti-alienation61-70
    4.1 Realization of His Own Responsibility62-65
    4.2 Acceptance of His Identity65-70
Chapter 5 The Causes of Joe’s Anti-alienation70-77
    5.1 Surrendering to the Indifferent Society70-73
    5.2 The Fate of Joe as a Scapegoat73-77
Chapter 6 Conclusion77-80
Works Cited80-83
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果83
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