《我弥留之际》中的象征主义

Symbolism in As I Lay Dying

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:李宝峰 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

As I Lay Dying, symbolism, themes

        威廉·福克纳的小说《我弥留之际》是当代美国文学作品中的杰作。小说中象征手法的运用赋予了这部作品更为深刻的象征意义,正确解读小说中的象征符号对理解作品起着重要作用。论文拟对《我弥留之际》中的象征主义进行具体分析。论文首先综合介绍了作家、作品和象征主义,其次详细分析了小说中地点、人和物的象征意义,最后,从象征角度出发,对《我弥留之际》的主题进行解读。《我弥留之际》中象征主义的运用使得小说主题更加丰富,寓意更为深刻,拓展读者对作品的解读视角,反映了福克纳对于生命的深刻思考和对人类生存状态的深切关注。
    William Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying is generally recognized as one of the masterpieces in modern American literature. The application of symbolism granted the novel with profound symbolic meanings. Interpretation of the symbols plays a vital role in understanding the novel. The thesis attempts to elaborate a systematic study of symbolism in As I Lay Dying. First, a comprehensive introduction to the author, his works and symbolism are synthesized; moreover, the symbolism of settings, human figures and inhuman figures in the novel are respectively analyzed in detail; finally, the universal themes of the novel are interpreted and illuminated from the perspective of symbolism. Through the elaborate analysis, the thesis comes to the conclusion that the application of symbolism makes the theme richer and the novel more meaningful, and enriches people’s understanding of the novel. It also reflects Faulkner’s deep contemplation about life and his concern to the living state of human beings.
        

《我弥留之际》中的象征主义

Acknowledgements5-6
摘要6-7
Abstract7
Chapter 1 Introduction10-22
    1.1 William Faulkner and His Works10-12
    1.2 Literature Review12-17
    1.3 Symbol and Symbolism17-22
Chapter 2 Symbolism in Settings22-28
    2.1 Yoknapatawpha: Backwardness22-25
    2.2 Jefferson: Modernization25-28
Chapter 3 Symbolism in Figures28-52
    3.1 Symbolism in Human Figures28-38
        3.1.1 Addie and Anse: Threatened Existence and Identity28-32
        3.1.2 Darl, Dewel Dell and Vardaman: Spiritual Degeneration32-34
        3.1.3 Cash and Jewel: Emotional Paralysis34-38
    3.2 Symbolism in Inhuman Figures38-52
        3.2.1 Flood and Fire: Purification and Destruction38-41
        3.2.2 Animals: Humanity and Spiritual Substitution41-45
        3.2.3 Addie’s Coffin: Dysfunction and Imbalance45-46
        3.2.4 Cash’s Tools: Individuals and Conventions46-52
Chapter 4 Symbolic Interpretations of the Themes52-66
    4.1 Sacrifice53-56
    4.2 Suffering56-58
    4.3 Endurance58-61
    4.4 Alienation61-66
Chapter 5 Conclusion66-69
Works Cited69-72
攻读硕士学位论文期间发表的论文及科研成果72
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