现代漆画的传承与创新

Inheritance and Innovation of Modern Lacquer Painting

作者: 专业:美术学 导师:张泽国 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨师范大学

Keywords

Traditional lacquer, modern lacquer painting, heritage, innovation

        本课题主要通过对传统漆艺材料运用中的材质特性、肌理效果、工艺特点等方面的探析,分析现代漆画出现的原因以及如何对传统的漆艺传承和创新的。现代漆画的发展现状及未来的发展趋势和前景。传统漆艺赋予了现代漆画家取之不尽的宝藏,而只有民族的才是世界的,这一名训,更是充分证明,只有继承传统中有用的,才能把漆画艺术发扬光大。而对传统中的不利于漆画发展的因素,要坚决的放弃。归纳和总结传统漆艺的系统架构,目的不是要形成漆画语言规则条例,而是为了完善现代漆画语言的体系,建立自身的质量系统和规则标准。如果没有传统漆艺的内在限制,现代漆画创作就失去了参照系。所以我们要研究、学习、理解传统漆艺的规律才能创作出真正的现代漆画艺术。今天的时代是一个文化多元的时代,仅仅拿传统技法和传统的材料、题材来表现现代漆画显然是不够的。只有随着时代不断改进,勇于创新才能把漆画艺术更好地发展。因此,在未来漆画的创作中,我认为,最好是在学习传统的基础上,加强对新材料、新技法的开发和利用。在尊重、吸取、提炼传统漆艺技法及表现手段的基础上,吸收各种新观念、新表现、新材料,从艺术的本质出发。如何更好地运用科学的手段将新材料作为载体来表现漆画艺术,如何在现代漆画创作中把人的艺术思想、内心情感、审美情趣更好地表现出来,成为现代漆画表现的核心问题。作为一个漆画创作者,只有掌握和熟悉漆画的特点及局限性,才能将现代思维、意识与传统质材中最能和现代艺术结合的部分相融合。从第十届和第十一届全国美展的漆画作品中我们就可以看出,现代漆画新的语言表现形式。无论是在材料上、技法上、题材观念上都有所创新和改观。现代漆画还是具有很大的发展潜力的,并且正在朝着多元方向发展。
    This issue primarily through the use of traditional lacquer material properties of the material, texture and process characteristics of the areas, analyze the causes of modern lacquer painting there and how to paint on the traditional arts heritage and innovation. Modern Lacquer status and future development trends and prospects.Traditional lacquer to give a modern paint artist inexhaustible treasure, which is the only nation in the world, this one training, it is proved that only succession tradition useful in order to carry forward the art of lacquer painting. The traditional lacquer painting in the development of unfavorable factors, to be determined to give up. Summary of the system architecture of traditional lacquer ware, lacquer is not intended to form the language rules and regulations, but to improve the language of modern lacquer painting system and establish their own standards for quality systems and rules. If there are no inherent restrictions on traditional lacquer ware, lacquer creation of modern frame of reference lost. So we have to study, learn and understand the rules of traditional lacquer to create a truly modern art of lacquer painting.Today era is a multicultural era, just take the traditional techniques and traditional materials, subject to the performance of modern lacquer painting is clearly not enough. Only with time continuous improvement and innovation to better development of the art of lacquer painting. Therefore, the creation of lacquer painting in the future, I think, the best in learning the traditional basis, to strengthen the new materials, new techniques development and use. Respect, learn, refine and performance of traditional lacquer technique means based on the absorption of new concepts, new performance, new materials, starting from the essence of art. How to make better use of scientific methods to the new material as a carrier of the performance of lacquer art, lacquer painting in contemporary art creation in the human thinking, inner feelings, aesthetic taste better performance out of the performance of the core of the modern lacquer painting problem. As a creator of lacquer painting, lacquer painting only the master and familiar with the characteristics and limitations, to the modern way of thinking, consciousness and quality of material in the most traditional and modern art combined with the integration of the part. From the tenth and eleventh National Art Exhibition of lacquer work, we can see, modern lacquer painting new language forms. Both in materials and techniques, the subject has the concept of innovation and change. Modern Lacquer is great potential and is moving in multiple directions.
        

现代漆画的传承与创新

摘要5-6
Abstract6-7
第一章 漆艺概述8-11
    一、漆的概念8
    二、漆的特性8-11
第二章 传统漆艺11-21
    一、传统漆艺的发展历程11-19
    二、传统漆艺的三种基本表现方式19-21
第三章 从传统漆艺到现代漆画的必然21-45
    一、从漆器到漆画的演变21-23
    二、现代漆画的发展现状23-31
        (一) 地域文化对漆画发展的影响28-31
        (二) 创作群体差异对漆画的影响31
    三、现代漆画的传承与创新31-45
        (一) 从材料上创新的表现32-39
        (二) 从技法上创新的表现39-41
        (三) 从造型上创新的表现41-42
        (四) 从创作题材观念上创新的表现42-45
第四章 现代漆画的精神内涵45-48
    一、现代漆画的本质内涵和拓展内涵45-46
    二、多元文化下现代漆画的发展风格46-48
结论48-50
参考文献50-52
攻读硕士学位期间发表的学术论文52-54
致谢54
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