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《归家》的解构主义解读

A Deconstructive Study on Harold Pinter’s the Homecoming

作者: 专业:英语语言文学 导师:袁小华 年度:2015 学位:硕士  院校: 南京理工大学

Keywords

Pinter, The Homecoming, Deconstruction, Binary opposition, Differance, Rhizome

        哈罗德·品特是英国荒诞派戏剧最重要的戏剧家之一,他的作品《归家》发表于1965年,是品特的“记忆的戏剧”杰作之一。学者们运用各种批评理论对《归家》进行解读,包括精神分析理论,福柯的话语权力理论,女性主义和后现代主义等层面,但对《归家》的解构主义角度研究尚属空缺。近年来,随着学界对解构主义的关注,反二元对立,延异以及解构式阅读成为文学研究的新热点。本文试图从解构主义视角对这部作品进行解读,通过揭示女性在男性为中心的世界中的生存状态和心理,旨在采用新的视角探讨品特作品中的解构主义特色,为《归家》的研究提供了一个新的角度和思路。本文从三个章节来论述戏剧《归家》中体现的解构主义思想。第一章从“家”的结构入手,集中探讨《归家》中反二元对立的手法,揭示品特对传统“家”的消解。德里达的解构思想并不单是将从属的一方转变为支配的一方,而是为了推翻二元对立下的等级秩序,直至该等级秩序不再出现。第二章主要探讨“家”的延异,分别从人物角色、人物身份、以及结局等角度分析“家”在语意上的不确定性。即“家”在不断延异和自我解构的活动中重新建构之后新的语意。第三章以德勒兹的“块茎”理论为框架,论证戏剧中女主人公归家即离家,离家就是归家的辩证关系。本文的结论是,品特的《归家》虽然消解了“家”的结构,但是并没有消失“家”的关系,相反,《归家》延异了“家”的意义。“家”的意义和关系在“块茎”的作用下呈现出相互联结,相辅相成的态势,打破了西方传统形而上学意义上“家”的逻各斯中心主义。
    Harold Pinter (1930-2008) is one of the most distinguished British dramatists. His play The Homecoming was published in 1965, which was one of his "memory plays." Scholars apply various critical theories to interpret The Homecoming, such as Psychoanalytic theory, Foucault’s Discourse Power theory, Feminism, and Postmodernism. However, there is a vacancy on the study of The Homecoming from the perspective of deconstruction theory. With the increasing attention to the research of deconstruction, binary opposition, differance and deconstmctive reading strategies have become the new focus on the study of literature in recent years. Through revealing the living and psychological state of female in the dominance of male world, the writer attempts to analyze this play from the perspective of deconstruction and aims to adopt a new perspective to explore the deconstruction characteristics in Pinter’s play, which provides a new angle and thought for the study of The Homecoming.This thesis adopts three chapters to interpret The Homecoming from the perspective of deconstruction. Chapter one starts from the structure of "home", focusing on the techniques of the subversion of binary opposition in The Homecoming to further reveal Pinter’s deconstruction toward the traditional home. The thought of Deconstruction is not simply to subvert the inferior one into the superior one, but to overthrow the hierarchy order until such levels are no longer established. Chapter two mainly concentrates on the differance of home and analyzes the uncertainty of "home" in the level of language meaning from the aspects of the role play, the character’s identity, the open ending respectively. That is to say that the "home" reconstructs and forms into the new language meaning in the process of differance and self-deconstruction. Chapter three applies the "Rhizome" theory by Deleu framework to demonstrate the dialectic relationship of the homecoming of the female character in this play that homecoming is home-out, and home-out is homecoming.To sum up, although Pinter’s The Homecoming deconstructs the structure of "home", it does not demolish the relationship of "home". On the contrary, The Homecoming is to differance the meaning of "home". The meaning and the relationship of "home" demonstrate the state of mutually interrelated and complemented and overthrow the logocentrism of "home" in western traditional metaphysics.
        

《归家》的解构主义解读

摘要5-6
Abstract6
Introduction8-18
Chapter One Subversion of Binary Opposition in The Homecoming18-28
    1.1 Male and Female19-23
    1.2 Sense and Sensibility23-25
    1.3 Ethic and Desire25-28
Chapter Two Differance in The Homecoming28-36
    2.1 The Ambiguity of the Role Play29-31
    2.2 The Uncertainty of Character's Identity31-33
    2.3 The Openness of the End33-36
Chapter Three The Rhizome Relationship of Home in The Homecoming36-45
    3.1 The Deterritorialization of Home37-39
    3.2 The Deterritorialization of Cultural Code39-42
    3.3 Dialectic Relationship between Homecoming and Home-out42-45
Conclusion45-47
Acknowledgements47-48
Works Cited48-51
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