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分步教学法在高校游泳选项课教学中的实践研究

The Experimental Study of Step by Step Teaching Method in Colleges and Universities Swimming Options Course

作者: 专业:体育教育训练学 导师:陈永欣 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

step by step teaching method, Colleges and universities, Swimming options, Breaststroke teaching Practice

        2002年教育部颁布了《全国普通高等学校体育课程教学指导纲要》,标志着新一轮体育课程改革的全面启动。全面提高教学质量,使学生能够更好地掌握体育课上的知识主体(即运动技术),为终身体育奠定基础,是当前高校公共体育课的重要任务之一。而教学法是实现体育教学目标的途径和手段,只有解决方法问题,才能高质量地完成体育教学任务。因此,近些年来,广大体育工作者纷纷对体育教学方法进行了大量的研究与探索。本研究借鉴程序教学、探究学习、以及合作学习理论等多种教学法,分别选取了其中的某一部分加以组合构建成分步教学法,并在蛙泳选项课教学中进行实践研究。本研究以佳木斯大学08级公共体育课学生为实验对象,运用文献资料法、问卷调查法、教学实验法等多种研究方法,尝试性地探索运用分步教学法在学生蛙泳选项课中对体育课程五大领域目标的影响程度,以期为游泳教学法提供理论与实践依据。通过教学实验,对所得的各种测试数据进行整理分析,研究结果表明:1.普通高校游泳选项课蛙泳教学运用分步教学法,能提高教学的效果和学生蛙泳技术成绩,使学生更好地实现运动技能目标。2.普通高校游泳选项课蛙泳教学运用分步教学法教学,能激发学生参与体育学习的意识、体育学习的兴趣,更好地实现运动参与目标。3.普通高校游泳选项课蛙泳教学运用分步教学法教学,通过小组同学之间互相交流、互相切磋,互教互学等合作探究活动,能增强学生的合作意识和社会交往能力。4.普通高校游泳选项课蛙泳教学运用分步教学法教学,与传统教学法相比较更有利于增进学生身体健康,从而使学生更好地实现身体健康目标。5.普通高校游泳选项课蛙泳教学运用分步教学法教学,有利于学生掌握游泳对心理健康的作用,理解游泳活动与自信的关系,增强学生克服困难的意志品质。6.通过教学实验和问卷分析证明,分步教学法在普通高校游泳选项课教学中运用是可行而且富有成效的,受学生喜爱。是一种较为理想的教学法。
    2002 the《The National College Physical Education Course Outline Education guidance》was promulgated, that marks a new round of physical education curriculum reform in a comprehensive way. Comprehensively improve the quality of teaching, make students to better grasp the body of knowledge on physical education (movement technology), lay the foundation for lifelong physical, is the important task of public sports colleges and universities. It provides a broad stage for the teachers "teaching innovation" that the implementation of the new curriculum,new courses to play down the traditional concept of one-sided utilitarian nature physical education, adhere to the guiding ideology of "health first", emphasize students comprehensive sustainable development, the new round of physical education curriculum reform stressed the need to change the past traditional methods that emphasis on the implementation of students to learn mechanical training physical education, promote students active to participation and willing to explore, develop students the ability to collect and process information, acquire new knowledge, analysis and problem-solving, as well as the ability of exchange and cooperation.This study use a variety of teaching methods as the teaching learning process, explore learning and cooperative learning theory, which were selected apart to be combined to build a certain part of the " step by step teaching method " to teaching in the breaststroke options study carried out in practice. In this study, the 08 students of public physical education in Jiamusi University as the research object, use the research methods of literature, questionnaire survey method, experimental method of teaching, tentative exploration of the "step by step teaching method" teaching methods course options for students breaststroke five objectives in the field effect, for swimming teaching methods with a view to provide theoretical and practical basis.Through teaching experiment, obtained and analyzed the test data, the results show that:1. Use the "step by step teaching method" to teaching in breaststroke swimming lesson options of college can improve teaching effectiveness and student techniques achievement. Realization of the field of physical education curriculum objectives and requirements for motor skills.2. Use the "step by step teaching method" to teaching in breaststroke swimming lesson options of college able to activate the students for sports participation, sports motivation, sports interest in learning and behavior, in order to achieve the goal of student sports participation.3. Use the "step by step teaching method" to teaching in breaststroke swimming lesson options of college, through the group students exchanges with each other mutual concern and evaluation, interactive exploration and other cooperative activities, can enhance the cooperation and interaction capabilities of the students. The competition between the two groups and within the group enhance the competition sense of students, so enhancing the social adjustment of students.4. Use the "step by step teaching method" to teaching in breaststroke swimming lesson options of college, enhance students concerned about the physical and health awareness, better than traditional teaching methods able to achieve the health objectives of the students.5. Use the "step by step teaching method" to teaching in breaststroke swimming lesson options of college, for students to master the role of swimming to mental health, to understand the relationship between swimming activity and self-confidence, strengthening the willpower of overcome to students , to enhance the mental health of students In these areas.6. Through teaching experiments and questionnaire analysis showed that step by step teaching method in colleges and universities use to teaching of swimming lesson options is viable and productive, that is superior to traditional teaching methods; it is an ideal teaching method.
        

分步教学法在高校游泳选项课教学中的实践研究

摘要5-7
Abstract7-9
第1章 绪论13-20
    1.1 问题的提出13-14
    1.2 体育教学方法研究现状14-17
        1.2.1 体育教学方法概念研究现状14-15
        1.2.2 体育教学方法分类研究现状15-16
        1.2.3 体育教学方法优化组合研究现状16-17
    1.3 研究的目的和意义17-18
    1.4 概念界定18-20
        1.4.1 教学法18-19
        1.4.2 体育教学法19
        1.4.3 分步教学法19-20
第2章 研究对象与研究方法20-26
    2.1 研究对象20
    2.2 研究方法20-26
        2.2.1 文献资料法20
        2.2.2 实验研究法20-24
        2.2.3 问卷调查法24-25
        2.2.4 访谈法25
        2.2.5 数理统计法25-26
第3章 研究结果与分析26-52
    3.1 分步教学法理论依据26-30
        3.1.1 巴班斯基的教学思想26-27
        3.1.2 运动技能形成规律27-28
        3.1.3 合作学习理论28-29
        3.1.4 杜威的探究学习理论29-30
    3.2 分步教学法的指导思想30
    3.3 分步教学法的教学目标30-31
        3.3.1 基本目标31
        3.3.2 发展目标31
        3.3.3 可持续发展目标31
    3.4 分步教学法各阶段教学任务31-32
        3.4.1 “学懂”阶段的教学任务31
        3.4.2 “学会”阶段的教学任务31
        3.4.3 “学乐”阶段的教学任务31-32
    3.5 分步教学法的教学评价32
        3.5.1 诊断性评价32
        3.5.2 形成性评价32
        3.5.3 终结性评价32
    3.6 分步教学法的操作程序32-38
        3.6.1 分步教学法总体操作程序设计33-34
        3.6.2 分步教学法的单元划分及教学程序34-35
        3.6.3 分步教学法的课次基本教学过程35-38
    3.7 分步教学法在高校蛙泳选项课中的实验结果结果与分析38-52
        3.7.1 实验班和对照班在实现身体健康目标方面的测试结果与分析38-41
        3.7.2 实验前后实验班和对照班蛙泳技术测试结果与分析41-44
        3.7.3 实验后实验班与对照班关于运动参与目标方面测试的结果与分析44-46
        3.7.4 实验班和对照班在实现心理健康目标方面的测试结果与分析46-48
        3.7.5 实验班和对照班在实现社会适应目标的测试结果与分析48-50
        3.7.6 实验后教学情况学生问卷调查结果与分析50-52
第4章 结论与建议52-54
    4.1 结论52
    4.2 建议52-54
参考文献54-58
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果58-59
致谢59-60
个人简历60-61
附件 A61-67
附件 B67-70
附件 C70-71
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