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黑龙江省普通高校阳光体育运动开展情况的研究

"Sunlight Physical Exercise" Development Situation Research in General Universities of Heilongjiang

作者: 专业:体育教育训练学 导师:纪烈维 年度:2010  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

        2006年9月教育部、国家体育总局等部门发布的学生体质检测数据表明,我国青少年学生体质健康逐年下降。为全面贯彻党的教育方针,落实“健康第一”的指导思想,教育部、国家体育总局、共青团中央决定于2007年起在全国各级各类学校中广泛、深入地开展“全国亿万学生阳光体育运动”。阳光体育运动是新时期开展素质教育、加强青少年体育教育、增强青少年体质的战略举措,对于提高学生体育参与意识、养成终身体育锻炼习惯、切实提高学生的体质健康水平有着重要意义。阳光体育运动实施以来,关于黑龙江省普通高校阳光体育运动开展情况的调查研究有限,对策建议较少,由于黑龙江有其独特的地理位置和客观条件,所面临的问题与其他省市也不尽相同,因此对黑龙江省普通高校阳光体育运动开展情况进行研究具有一定的现实意义。通过研究,提出建设性对策和建议,为阳光体育运动的更好开展和实施提供可靠的参考依据,进一步促进阳光体育的深入发展。本论文以黑龙江省普通高校阳光体育运动开展的现状为研究对象,采用文献资料法、问卷调查法、访谈法、数理统计法,对黑龙江省10所普通高校的800名学生进行问卷调查,对80名高校体育教学方面的专家及一线教师进行访谈,获取相关信息。调查的主要内容包括:阳光体育运动的实施、监管和评价体系是否健全;学生参加阳光体育运动的时间、频率情况;学校体育社团与俱乐部开展情况;《国家学生体质健康标准》的执行情况;冬季阳光体育运动的开展情况和制约阳光体育运动开展的因素等。研究结果如下:1、24.37%的学生每天参加体育活动的时间在1小时以上,每天体育活动半小时以下的学生占16.25%,与阳光体育运动要求的“每天锻炼一小时”还有很大差距。出现这种现象的主要原因是学生缺乏运动参与时间、场地设施不足、没有体育锻炼的习惯、缺乏兴趣爱好和教师的指导。2、学生体育参与动机向多元化方向发展,参与的主要动机依次是强身健体、娱乐消遣、兴趣爱好、休闲娱乐、解压放松和发展技能。学生喜欢参与的项目依次是:篮球、排球、羽毛球、乒乓球、网球、游泳等,这些项目的俱乐部也受到广大学生的欢迎并且得到广泛的开展,促进了阳光体育运动的实施。3、黑龙江省冬季大规模体育活动的开展难于夏季,阳光体育运动的开展受到制约。冰上课以速度滑冰为主并得到传承,滑雪课还需要更广泛的开展。4、调查的10所高校中有7所学校全面实施了《国家学生体质健康标准》,但测试成绩很少与体育课成绩相结合,由于学生和测试教师重视程度不够使得测试成绩存在一定误差。5、场地器材缺乏;教师工作量大;体育安全意识差、安全教育不到位、场地器材存在安全隐患等因素制约了阳光体育运动的发展。由于阳光体育运动开展的时间较短,各项制度和措施还不完善,现阶段抓好阳光体育运动的实施问题能更有效的促进其发展。笔者针对高校阳光体育运动开展的现状,结合黑龙江省各高校实际情况,提出以下建议:组建阳光体育运动的实施系统;进一步完善的阳光体育运动监管体系;进一步完善的阳光体育运动评价体系;加强学生体育意识的培养;抓好冬季学生的体育锻炼;加强体育设施和师资力量的建设,从而促使阳光体育运动的开展,为学生的全面发展奠定基础。
    Physical fitness test data announced by the Ministry of Education and the State General Administration of Sport in September 2006 show that our young student’s health is declining. To fully implement the Party’s education policy and the "health first" guiding ideology, in 2007 the Ministry of Education, the State Sports General Administration, the Communist Youth League Central Committee decided to fully and deeply launch the "hundreds of millions of students nationwide The Sunlight physical exercises " at the types of schools of all levels. The Sunlight physical exercises is strategic measure to carry out quality education and enhance youth physical education、physical fitness, it is of great significance to enhance the students awareness of sports participation and the habit of lifelong physical activity and effectively improve the physical health of students.The Sunlight physical exercises has been implemented more than two years, because the research on the carrying out of The Sunlight physical exercises in Colleges and Universities of Heilongjiang Province is limited and the proposed measures are not too many and Heilongjiang has its unique geographical location and cultural environment, the problems with the other provinces are also not the same, the author hopes to propose constructive countermeasures and suggestions for policy-makers and implementers and provide true and reliable reference basis to further promote sports in The Sunlight physical exercises in depth.In this paper, the author take the carrying out of The Sunlight physical exercises in Colleges and Universities of Heilongjiang Province as research object, using literature method, questionnaire, interview, mathematical statistics to conduct a questionnaire survey to 800 students in 10 colleges and universities of Heilongjiang Province, and interview 80 experts and first-line teachers of college physical education to access to relevant information and research proposals. The survey mainly includes: The Sunlight physical exercises’implementation, monitoring and evaluation system is sound or not; time and frequency of students to participate in sports; school sports associations and clubs’launching situation; "National Students Health Standard" in implementation; the carrying out of The Sunlight physical exercises in winter and constraint factors. The results are as follows:1、24.37% of students participate in daily physical activity time in more than 1 hour a day, a half-hour physical activity accounted for 16.25% of students below, and there is a great gap from t The Sunlight physical exercises’require of "exercise one hour a day". The main reason for this phenomenon is that lack of time to exercise, venues and facilities are not adequate, physical exercise habits are not formed lack of interest and teacher guidance.2、Students’motivation of participation in sports has been the direction of diversification, fitness is still the main motive for participation in sports, basketball, volleyball, soccer, table tennis, badminton, tennis, swimming and other clubs are popular with students, in order to provide strong help to carry out The Sunlight physical exercises.3、Hei longjiang Province in winter is difficult to carry out large-scale sports than summer; carrying out The Sunlight physical exercises activities will be restricted. Ice speed skating is main ice class and get pass, ski lessons also need to be carried out more extensively. 4、Survey of 10 colleges has seven schools fully perform the "National Students Health Standard," but physical education achievement rarely linked with test scores, because students and teachers’attention are not enough, so there are some errors in the test scores.5、equipments are not sufficient, lack of teachers, poor sports safety awareness, safety education is not in place, hidden safety problems in the venue equipment.As the time to carry out The Sunlight physical exercises is too short, various systems and measures are not perfect, to resolve implementation issues in sports at this stage could promote their development more effectively. Therefore, the author propose the following suggesting: the formation of the implementary system of The Sunlight Sports; further improve the regulatory system of the sun sport; further improve the evaluation system of the sun sport; to strengthen to carry out The Sunlight physical exercises in winter sports in Heilongjiang Province; enhancing the building of sports facilities and teaching staff to cause the carrying out of The Sunlight physical exercises, in order to lay the foundation for the comprehensive development of students.
        

黑龙江省普通高校阳光体育运动开展情况的研究

摘要5-7
Abstract7-9
第1章 绪论12-20
    1.1 选题依据12-13
    1.2 开展阳光体育运动的目的意义与背景13-16
    1.3 阳光体育运动的研究现状16-20
        1.3.1 开展阳光体育运动目的、意义的研究16
        1.3.2 开展阳光体育运动原因和作用的研究16-17
        1.3.3 影响阳光体育运动开展因素的研究17
        1.3.4 阳光体育运动开展现状和实施策略的研究17-20
第2章 研究对象和研究方法20-24
    2.1 研究对象20
    2.2 研究方法20-24
        2.2.1 文献资料法20
        2.2.2 访谈法20
        2.2.3 问卷调查法20-23
        2.2.4 数理统计法23
        2.2.5 逻辑分析法23-24
第3章 研究结果与分析24-61
    3.1 黑龙江省普通高校开展阳光体育运动的现状24-46
        3.1.1 阳光体育运动开展的基本情况24-30
        3.1.2 学生运动参与动机30-33
        3.1.3 学生参加体育锻炼的频率和时间33-36
        3.1.4 课外体育俱乐部与社团的开展36-38
        3.1.5 冬季阳光体育运动的开展38-40
        3.1.6 体育安全情况的调查分析40-42
        3.1.7 影响学生参加体育锻炼的主要因素42-46
    3.2 促进黑龙江省普通高校阳光体育运动开展的措施46-61
        3.2.1 组建阳光体育运动的实施体系46-48
        3.2.2 进一步完善阳光体育运动监管体系48-49
        3.2.3 体育教学改革对阳光体育运动的开展提供帮助49-51
        3.2.4 课外体育俱乐部的广泛开展促进阳光体育运动的实施51-52
        3.2.5 切实加强学生冬季的体育锻炼52-54
        3.2.6 加强体育场地设施和师资队伍的建设54-56
        3.2.7 制订合理的阳光体育运动评价体系56-61
第4章 结论与建议61-63
    4.1 结论61
    4.2 建议61-63
参考文献63-67
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果67-68
致谢68-69
附录69-73
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