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哈尔滨市普通高校体育教学安全问题研究

The Research of the Security Issues of the Physical Education Teaching in Unversities in Harbin City

作者: 专业:体育教育训练学 导师:纠延红 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

Harbin City, University, Teaching Physical Education, Security

        学校体育是普通高等学校教育中的重要组成部分,体育教学是学校体育重要主成部分。体育教学是以身体活动和锻炼为主的一种活动,所以具有潜在的风险性,近年来,经常有学生由于在参加学校体育活动发生意外伤害事故的现象,由此而引发的经济、法律纠纷也随之而来,不但影响学校体育教学工作的正常进行,同时也给学生、家长造成了极大的伤害,甚至给体育教师也带来了很大的麻烦。普通高校体育教学的安全问题一直是体育教学中的最引人关注的问题。因此对普通高校体育教学的安全问题进行研究就显得尤为重要。本文采用了文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法、逻辑分析法、案例分析等研究方法,对哈尔滨市普通高校体育教学安全问题进行研究,并对所存在的问题进行系统的研究和分析,提出确实可行的建议、解决方案,消除普通高校的体育教学过程中存在的不安全因素。通过对哈尔滨市普通高校中体育教学过程中所涉及的人的因素、物质因素、管理因素进行调查研究,总结出目前哈尔滨市普通高校体育教学中有如下几个方面的问题。学生缺乏良好的安全意识和良好的安全行为习惯,安全知识缺乏;身体素质下降、心理承受力较弱;教师的安全意识和安全知识缺乏,体育教师上课不认真,责任心不强;场地、器材均存有隐患;由于地理因素的原因,还有不良气候的影响;学校的安全管理不完善,教师的在课堂管理也存在问题。针对哈尔滨市普通高校体育教学中存在的问题提出解决对策:加强教师和学生的安全教育,提高教师和学生的体育安全意识和体育安全知识的培训;体育教师要合理的组织教学,提高学生身体素质和心理素质;学校主管部门要增加体育经费投入,保障体育教学的需要;定期对体育场地、器材进行检修,消除潜在的安全隐患;建立专门的安全机构,加强体育教学的监督、检查和评价;完善学校体育意外伤害事故的责任认定制度;建立相应的安全管理制度、处理体育意外伤害的步骤,具有体育意外伤害事故的应急预案;鼓励学生参加体育意外保险,是化解学生人身意外伤害事故风险的有效途径,有利于维护学校的正常教育教学秩序,减少事故对学校的干扰和影响。
    Physical education in university is an important part of higher learning. Teaching Physical Education is an important part of the school sports. However, physical education is based on physical activity and exercise, so has potential risks.In recent years, the students have injure accident usually in teaching physical education.it lead to a lot of questions:econometrical problem,law of contradiction. it not only affects the normal school physical education teaching work carried out, but also affects students, parents and caused great harm. the physical education teachers also have been brought a lots of trouble. It is important that the College Physical Education issue has been teaching the most cause for concern. Therefore, the safety of physical education research is particularly important.The author used the literature, questionnaire survey method, mathematical statistics, logic analysis, case analysis and other research methods in this paper, studying the problem of the safety in universities about teaching physical education in harbin city. The author study the problem in teaching physical education systematically and trying to make a practical proposal and resolved program which eliminat insecurity factors in teaching PE.though the research the Physical education security issues in the universities in harbin city. there is three main factors which affect the Physical education security issues: the human factors, material factors, and management factorsl. summed up the current physical education in universities in Harbin in the following several aspects:Students: poor safety awareness, the lack of good security habits. The lack of safety knowledge. The quality of students in physical and psychological is poor;teachers: the physical education teachers are not serious, is not strong sense of responsibility in the classroom;Physical aspects: the ground and equipment both have potential insecuity factors.there is the impact of adverse climate Because of geographical factors. Management: the management in university is not perfect and the teachers in classroom management is also problematical.The measuers of the solve the teaching PE security issues in the universities.As to students:strengthen safety education to teach students to sports safety knowledge,improve theirself-protection. Improve students physical, psychological qualities.as to Teachers: physical education teachers should be enhance safety awareness. Enhance the sense of responsibility for teaching physical education and improve student’s physical and mental qualities; as to the material: School authorities should increase the physical capital investment and ensure the needs of the normal teaching physical education and check stadium and device regularly which eliminate potential insecurity factors. as to the management:the school authority should be establish special security agency to strengthen the supervision, inspection and evaluation about the teaching physical education and improve the school responsibility injuries identified system for accidental injuries. the school authority should be establish appropriate safety manament system and the contingency plans that deal with accidental injuries.To encourage students to participate in sports accident insurance which is the effective way to decrease the risk of teaching PE injuries. This approach is conducive to maintaining normal school education and teaching order, and reduce the incidents of school disruption and impact.
        

哈尔滨市普通高校体育教学安全问题研究

摘要5-7
Abstract7-8
第1章 绪论11-18
    1.1 选题依据11-13
        1.1.1 人的安全需要11-12
        1.1.2 确保体育教学完成“健康第一总目标”的需要12
        1.1.3 加强高校体育教学安全问题研究的需要12-13
        1.1.4 国家相关的法律法规13
    1.2 研究意义与目的13-14
        1.2.1 研究意义13-14
        1.2.2 研究目的14
    1.3 文献综述14-18
        1.3.1 国外研究现状14-15
        1.3.2 国内研究现状15-18
第2章 研究对象和研究方法18-21
    2.1 研究对象18
    2.2 研究方法18-21
        2.2.1 文献资料法18
        2.2.2 问卷调查法18-20
        2.2.3 访谈法20
        2.2.4 数理统计法20
        2.2.5 逻辑法20-21
第3章 研究结果与分析21-44
    3.1 相关概念的界定21-22
        3.1.1 安全21
        3.1.2 学校体育21
        3.1.3 体育教学21
        3.1.4 学校体育教学安全21-22
        3.1.5 普通高校体育教学安全问题概念的界定22
    3.2 体育教学安全问题的特点22-24
        3.2.1 体育教学安全的重要性22
        3.2.2 体育教学安全的复杂性22-23
        3.2.3 体育教学安全的多样性23
        3.2.4 体育教学安全与体育教学内容之间的矛盾性23-24
    3.3 哈尔滨市普通高校体育教学安全现状24-25
        3.3.1 哈尔滨市普通高校学生在体育教学过程中发生安全问题的次数24
        3.3.2 不同运动项目的教学安全状况24-25
    3.4 影响哈尔滨市普通高校体育教学安全的因素25-39
        3.4.1 人的因素26-32
        3.4.2 物质因素32-35
        3.4.3 管理的因素35-39
    3.5 提高哈尔滨市普通高校体育教学安全问题的对策研究39-44
        3.5.1 加强安全教育,提高高校体育教师和学生的体育安全意识,掌握体育安全知识39
        3.5.2 合理的组织教学,提高学生身体素质和心理素质39-40
        3.5.3 增强体育经费投入,保障体育教学的需要,定期对体育场地、器材进行检修,消除潜在的安全隐患40-41
        3.5.4 建立专门的安全机构,加强体育教学的监督、检查和评价41-42
        3.5.5 完善学校体育意外伤害事故的责任认定制度42
        3.5.6 建立相应的安全管理制度、处理体育意外伤害的步骤,具有体育伤害事故的应急预案42
        3.5.7 鼓励学生参加体育意外保险42-44
第4章 结论与建议44-47
    4.1 结论44-45
    4.2 建议45-47
参考文献47-51
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果51-52
致谢52-53
附件53-66
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