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父母团体训练对儿童的问题行为改变之效果研究

The Effects of Parent Training for the Child’s Problem Behaviors

作者: 专业:应用心理学 导师:钟思嘉 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

parent training, child, problem behaviors

        本研究参考国内外相关研究设计出针对儿童的问题行为的父母团体训练方案,并探讨此父母团体训练对儿童的问题行为改变的影响。研究对象为哈尔滨市某小学一年级自愿参加的8名学生家长为实验组,同年级的8名学生家长为对照组。实验组接受4次父母团体训练课程;对照组不接受任何相关课程。实验组和控制组均进行前测、后测以及追踪测,以修订Barkley编制的《干扰行为障碍量表—父母版》为研究评量工具,检验实验组和对照组的问题行为的改变效果,并采用实验组家长的反馈问卷探讨此团体训练的质性效果。本研究结果显示,父母团体训练有立即效果,在训练结束时他们孩子的行为的改变有显著性差异,如儿童的注意力变得更加集中、多动冲动的行为减少、与父母和睦相处等。同时,父母团体训练也有延续效果,在训练后四周他们孩子的问题行为仍持续减少中。此外,从父母对培训课程的反馈问卷中亦证实他们基本掌握了父母团体训练的核心内容,对孩子的态度变得心平气和,更乐于倾听孩子,并懂得使用家庭记点系统鼓励孩子。最后,本研究分别对研究结果进行讨论,并对父母教育、父母团体训练及未来研究三方面提出具体的建议。
    The purpose of the study was investigated the effects of the parent training for the parents who had child s’ problem behaviors. There were eight parents in the experimental group who had a 4-session parent training program and the other eight parents in the control group who had not it. Those parents both came from a primary school in Harbin, and their children were in the first grade.The revised Barkley’s Disruptive Behavior Rating Scale was administrated at the beginning and end of the training, as well as four weeks after training. And the qualitative data of the trainees’ feedbacks questionnaire was collected.The major results of the Analysis of Covariance were that the parent training had the immediate positive effects on the children’s attention and obedience behaviors.Furthermore, the parent training also had longitudinal positive effects on the children’s attention and obedience behaviors.In addition, the parents’ feedbacks also confirmed that they basically had grasped the core issues of the parent training, and their attitude to child became more heartsease, and more liked listening to their child as well as used the family billiard-marker system to encourage their child.Based on the results,the suggestions of the parent education, parent training group, and the future research were respectively discussed.
        

父母团体训练对儿童的问题行为改变之效果研究

摘要5-6
Abstract6
第1章 绪论9-12
    1.1 研究背景9-11
    1.2 研究目的11
    1.3 研究意义11-12
第2章 文献探讨12-22
    2.1 儿童的问题行为的概念12-13
    2.2 儿童的问题行为的父母团体训练之相关研究13-20
        2.2.1 儿童的问题行为的父母团体训练方案之相关研究13-16
        2.2.2 儿童的问题行为的父母团体训练效果之相关研究16-20
    2.3 现有研究的不足20-21
    2.4 本章小结21-22
第3章 研究方法22-41
    3.1 被试22
    3.2 父母团体训练带领人22-23
    3.3 研究工具23-24
    3.4 研究过程24-25
    3.5 实验材料25-40
        3.5.1 儿童的问题行为的父母团体训练方案25-31
        3.5.2 招募宣传单和知情同意书31
        3.5.3 父母培训课程反馈表31-32
        3.5.4 训练讲义32-40
    3.6 资料收集与整理分析40
    3.7 本章小结40-41
第4章 研究结果41-46
    4.1 量化资料收集与整理分析41-43
        4.1.1 实验组和对照组的后测协方差分析的比较结果42-43
        4.1.2 实验组和对照组的追踪测协方差分析的比较结果43
    4.2 质性资料的收集与整理43-45
    4.3 本章小结45-46
第5章 讨论与建议46-50
    5.1 父母团体训练对儿童的问题行为改变之效果讨论46-47
    5.2 父母团体训练方案改进的讨论47-48
    5.3 建议48-49
        5.3.1 对父母教育的建议48
        5.3.2 对父母团体训练的建议48-49
        5.3.3 未来研究方向49
    5.4 本章小结49-50
结论50-51
参考文献51-58
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果58-59
致谢59-60
附录60-107
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