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硕士研究生职业决策困难与职业自我效能感关系

The Relations Between Career Decision-making Difficulties and Career Self-efficacy of Postgraduates

作者: 专业:应用心理学 导师:王玉珅 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

postgraduates, career decision-making difficulties, career self-efficacy

        在当前激烈的就业竞争中,硕士研究生已经逐步失去了以往的就业优势,自身和社会的共同因素导致硕士研究生进入了就业难的尴尬境地,也使其在职业选择上遇到种种困难。以往的职业决策困难研究中,多数以本科生为对象,较少涉及到硕士研究生,而事实上职业决策困难对硕士研究生群体的职业发展同样有着重要影响,尤其面临国内硕士研究生大规模扩招,就业形势下滑,就业压力随之上升的局势,针对性的展开相关的实证研究势在必行,这对于改善个体职业决策水平,帮助其做出良好的职业决策意义重大。本研究以哈尔滨七所高校共计500名不同年级、不同专业的硕士研究生为研究对象,采用郝祥(2006)修订的硕士研究生职业决策困难量表、李亚真的职业自我效能量表为工具对其进行测查,多方面分析硕士研究生职业决策困难特点的同时,运用t检验、方差分析、相关分析、回归分析等统计方法,探讨其与职业自我效能感之间存在的关系。研究结果表明:1.硕士研究生的职业自我效能和职业决策困难在性别、生源地、婚姻状况、专业、以及是否受过专业指导等特征变量上差异不显著。职业自我效能和职业决策困难在是否毕业生上都存在显著差异,且毕业生的职业效能感显著高于非毕业生,职业决策困难水平毕业生显著低于非毕业生,说明非毕业生在职业选择上具有更高的困难程度。在职业自我效能及职业决策困难的各个维度上,不同特征变量的硕士研究生又有不同的特点;2.硕士研究生的职业自我效能和职业决策困难存在显著负相关,且职业自我效能的部分维度和特征变量中的部分对职业决策困难及其各维度有预测作用。
    With the intensely competition of obtaining employment, the graduate students are gradually losing the advantages of getting a job. Self factors, as well as the social factors lead to variety of difficulties for them in selecting jobs, and make them in an embarrassment place. The researches on career decision-making difficulties are using the undergraduates as the objects in previous investigations, but few graduates. However, the career decision-making difficulties for graduates is also important for their career development, especially with the increasing pressure of employment which is from the amount of graduates and the economic crisis, so the investigations which are aiming at graduates have to be done, which is significant for improvement of the level of individual decision.This investigation takes 500 graduates as object, all of whom are selected from 7 colleges in Harbin with different grades, different majors, and investigated by graduates career decision-making difficulty scale revised by Hao Xiang(2006) and career self-efficacy scale by Li Yazhen. The characteristics of graduates’career decision-making difficulties are analyzed from many aspects, and with the use of t-test, variance analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis etc., the relation between career decision-making difficulties and career self-efficacy is invested. The results are as follows:1.Postgrudates career decision-making difficulties and career self-efficacy in terms of gender,source place ,marital status ,the subject and professional guidance ,there is no significant difference, In the terms of ,whether graduates,there is significant difference,and the career self-efficacy level of postgraduates are higher than other students significantly. The career decision-making difficulties level of postgraduates are lower than other students, which shows that the postgraduates has lower difficult degree. Career decision-making difficulties and career self-efficacy are in various dimensions, the different characteristics of variables have different characteristics Master;2. Postgraduate career self-efficacy and career decision-making difficulties are in a significantly negative correlation, and career self-efficacy variable dimensions and characteristics of each postgraduate of the career decision-making and its dimensions are difficult to predict.
        

硕士研究生职业决策困难与职业自我效能感关系

摘要5-6
Abstract6-7
第1章 绪论11-15
    1.1 研究背景11-12
    1.2 问题提出12-13
    1.3 研究目的13
    1.4 研究思路、假设和创新13-15
        1.4.1 研究思路13-14
        1.4.2 研究假设14
        1.4.3 研究创新14-15
第2章 文献探讨15-34
    2.1 职业决策困难15-25
        2.1.1 职业决策困难的定义15-16
        2.1.2 职业决策困难相关概念界定16-17
        2.1.3 理论研究17-22
        2.1.4 实证研究22-25
    2.2 职业自我效能感25-32
        2.2.1 自我效能感及职业自我效能感的提出25-26
        2.2.2 职业自我效能感概念的界定26-27
        2.2.3 理论研究27-30
        2.2.4 实证研究30-32
    2.3 职业决策困难与职业自我效能感的关系研究32-33
    2.4 本章小结33-34
第3章 研究方法与结果分析34-54
    3.1 研究方法34-38
        3.1.1 研究对象34
        3.1.2 研究工具34-38
        3.1.3 数据分析方法38
    3.2 硕士研究生职业决策困难特征变量上的差异研究结果38-43
        3.2.1 硕士研究生职业决策困难在性别上的差异比较39-40
        3.2.2 硕士研究生职业决策困难在是否毕业生上的差异比较40-41
        3.2.3 硕士研究生职业决策困难在生源地上的差异比较41
        3.2.4 硕士研究生职业决策困难在婚姻状况上的差异比较41-42
        3.2.5 硕士研究生职业决策困难是否受过职业指导上的差异比较42
        3.2.6 硕士研究生职业决策困难在专业上的差异比较42-43
    3.3 硕士研究生职业自我效能特征变量上的差异研究结果43-49
        3.3.1 硕士研究生职业自我效能在性别上的差异比较44-45
        3.3.2 硕士研究生职业自我效能在是否毕业生上的差异比较45
        3.3.3 硕士研究生职业自我效能在生源地上的差异比较45-46
        3.3.4 硕士研究生职业自我效能在婚姻状况上的差异比较46-47
        3.3.5 硕士研究生职业自我效能在是否受过职业指导上的差异比较47
        3.3.6 硕士研究生职业自我效能在专业上的差异比较47-49
    3.4 硕士研究生职业自我效能与职业决策困难的关系研究49-50
    3.5 硕士研究生特征变量和职业自我效能对职业决策困难的影响50-53
        3.5.1 特征变量、职业自我效能对职业决策困难总分的回归分析51
        3.5.2 特征变量、职业自我效能对外部冲突的回归分析51
        3.5.3 特征变量、职业自我效能对内部冲突的回归分析51-52
        3.5.4 特征变量、职业自我效能对性格犹豫的回归分析52
        3.5.5 特征变量、职业自我效能对信息不足的回归分析52
        3.5.6 特征变量、职业自我效能对决策动机不足的回归分析52-53
    3.6 本章小结53-54
第4章 讨论与建议54-65
    4.1 关于职业自我效能感问卷应用的讨论54
    4.2 硕士研究生职业决策困难的特点54-58
        4.2.1 硕士研究生职业决策困难的总体特征54-55
        4.2.2 硕士研究生职业决策困难被试特征变量上的特点55-58
    4.3 硕士研究生职业自我效能感的特点58-61
        4.3.1 硕士研究生职业自我效能的总体特征58
        4.3.2 硕士研究生职业自我效能特征变量上的特点58-61
    4.4 硕士研究生职业自我效能感与职业决策困难的关系探讨61-63
    4.5 建议63
    4.6 研究不足和进一步展望63-64
    4.7 本章小结64-65
结论65-67
参考文献67-73
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果73-74
致谢74-76
附录76-78
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