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黑龙江省普通高校体育课程内容资源开发与利用研究

Development and Utilization of PE Curriculum Content Resources in Universities of Heilongjiang Province

作者: 专业:体育教育训练学 导师:纪烈维 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

Physical Education curriculum, content resources, development, utilization, colleges and universities

        目前,我国普通高校为贯彻落实《全国普通高等学校体育课程教学指导纲要》精神,积极进行体育课程改革与建设工作,合理地开发利用体育课程资源成为体育课程改革的重点,其中,体育课程内容资源作为课程资源的一个重要组成部分日益受到人们的重视。结合高校现有体育师资、设施等条件,开发哪些体育课程内容资源,如何开发与利用并能进行准确的评价,直接关系到高校体育课程改革的成效。本文随机选取黑龙江省13所普通高校作为研究对象,采用文献资料法、专家访谈法、问卷调查法、数理统计法、逻辑分析法、实地考察法等,对黑龙江省高校体育教师和学生、民族民间体育课程内容资源开发、新兴体育运动项目的开发及冬季体育课程内容的开发与利用现状等几方面进行调查研究,分析目前开发与利用中存在的不足及影响因素,提出改进办法。明确体育课程内容资源的概念,并对其进行了更为系统的分类,深入阐述了体育课程内容资源开发与利用的途径、方法与原则,提出了针对黑龙江省普通高校体育课程内容资源开发与利用的建议及对策。调查研究结果显示,黑龙江省具有丰富的体育课程内容资源,其中包括户外体育课程内容资源,民族民间体育课程内容资源,冬季冰雪体育课程内容资源等。目前,有70%以上的高校对体育课程内容资源开发及利用的效果不太理想,主要表现在:体育课程目标导向性不明确,教学思想传统守旧;高校师生对体育课程内容资源的开发与利用意识不强;资金投入短缺,体育设施建设不完善;教师开发和利用课程内容资源经验不足,方法与手段单一,获取信息的途径少,工作不够深入,成效颇微;高校间学习交流机会少,未建成南北方、国内外高校经验交流的平台,国际现代大教育思想尚未形成。上述表现因素严重阻碍了高校体育课程改革的步伐。针对高校体育课程资源开发利用现状,结合黑龙江省各高校实际情况,本文提出体育课程内容资源的开发与利用的基本原则,即,健康性原则、目标导向性原则、广泛参与性原则、可接受性原则、内容多样性原则、经济实效性原则、社会发展需要性原则、资源共享性原则和安全性原则;明确了课程内容资源开发的方法与途径,即,引进法、改造法、创编法、整合法、筛选法。体育课程内容资源的开发要以学生感兴趣的、满足学生爱好需要的、具有教育目标意义的内容为重点,充分利用黑龙江省地域运动内容资源优势,进行季节性资源的开发工作,积极开发户外运动项目、民族民间传统体育内容、冬季冰雪运动内容,同时,加大教师课程培训力度,增加教师学习与交流机会,提高师生开发意识与能力,因时因地制宜地开发与利用现有体育课程内容资源,为高校体育课程改革与建设工作奠定坚实的基础。
    To implement the spirit of "National College of Physical Education Curriculum Teaching Instruction Program",all colleges and universities are developing active PE. Curriculum reform and construction, together with these activities, school curriculum resource development and utilization has been paying more and more attention, and Physical Education Curriculum Resources (PECR), as an integral part of the curriculum development and utilization of resources is particularly prominent. Based on the existing PE teachers in colleges and universities, facilities and other conditions, how to develop, use and evaluate the PECR is so important that it is directly related to the effectiveness of curriculum reform.In this paper,13 colleges and universities in Heilongjiang Province was selected randomly as investigation object, and the methods, such as literature, expert interviews, questionnaire survey, mathematical statistics, logic analysis, field trips law, were used to investigate the status of PE teachers and students, the development and utilizations of folk Physical Education curriculum resource, new project and winter sports.The paper analyzes the current shortcomings and the factors, then proposed ways to improve PECR, clear concept of PECR, gain a more systematic classification, put forward suggestions and countermeasures for PECR development and utilization in Heilongjiang Province.Survey results show that, there has rich content of PECR in Heilongjiang Province, including outdoor sports CR, folk sports CR, winter snow and ice sports CR, etc.Currently, there are more than 70% of the college sports curriculum resource development and utilization of results are not satisfactory, which mainly reflected in the following aspects, firstly, goal-oriented physical education curriculum is not clear, and the teaching ideas are traditional and old-fashioned; secondly, the awareness of using PECR of college teachers and students is not strong; thirdly, capital input shortages and inadequate physical facilities, and lack of experience and less access to information, work is not deep enough, the effectiveness of rather small;at last, colleges and universities to study opportunities for exchange between the small, North and South is not built, colleges and universities at home and abroad a platform for exchange of experience, the international modern large educational thinking not yet formed. The above factors have seriously hindered the pace of curriculum reform college sports.Aimed at development and utilization status of the high school PECR, and combined with the actual situation in colleges and universities in Heilongjiang Province, this paper presents the basic principles of PECR development and utilization, namely, health principle, object-oriented principles, the principle of broad participation, acceptability principle, the contents of the principles of diversity, the principle of economic efficiency, social development needs of the principle, the principle of resource sharing and security principles.The paper cleared ways and means of developing PECR, that is, the introduction of law, reform laws, Compiling method, integration method, and screening method.PECR development should focus on to students’interesting, and can meet the needs of educational goals, take full advantage of Heilongjiang Province, the content of regional movement resources to carry out the seasonal resource development, and actively develop outdoor sports project, folk traditional sports content, winter snow and ice sports content. At the same time, we should increase teacher training and exchange opportunities, raising awareness and capacity of teachers and students, and build a solid foundation for the development and use of the existing PECR for the college PE curriculum reform.
        

黑龙江省普通高校体育课程内容资源开发与利用研究

摘要5-7
Abstract7-8
第1章 绪论13-28
    1.1 选题背景13-14
        1.1.1 普通高校体育课程教学指导纲要的要求13
        1.1.2 高校扩招凸显出体育课程资源短缺问题13-14
    1.2 研究目的及意义14-16
        1.2.1 完善体育课程内容资源开发与利用理论14-15
        1.2.2 丰富高校体育课程内容,激发学生体育运动兴趣15
        1.2.3 充分挖掘利用黑龙江省季节性体育课程内容资源优势15-16
        1.2.4 发挥资源优势,形成本校体育特色16
    1.3 相关概念的界定16-22
        1.3.1 课程资源的概念16-18
        1.3.2 课程内容的概念18-19
        1.3.3 体育课程资源的概念19-20
        1.3.4 体育课程内容资源及其开发的概念20-22
    1.4 国内外研究现状22-27
        1.4.1 国外研究现状22-24
        1.4.2 国内研究现状24-27
    1.5 研究内容27-28
第2章 研究对象与方法28-33
    2.1 研究对象28
    2.2 研究方法28-33
        2.2.1 文献资料法28
        2.2.2 专家访谈法28-29
        2.2.3 问卷调查法29-31
        2.2.4 数理统计法31
        2.2.5 逻辑分析法31
        2.2.6 实地考察法31-33
第3章 研究结果与分析33-74
    3.1 体育课程内容资源分类33-34
    3.2 黑龙江省高校体育课程师生现状分析34-44
        3.2.1 高校体育师资情况分析34-40
        3.2.2 普通高校学生情况调查分析40-44
    3.3 民族体育课程内容资源的开发与利用44-46
        3.3.1 高校开展情况调查44
        3.3.2 可开发利用分析44-46
    3.4 新兴体育运动资源的开发与利用46-51
        3.4.1 开发与利用的现状46-48
        3.4.2 开发与利用的条件及手段48-51
    3.5 冬季体育课程内容资源的开发与利用51-54
        3.5.1 开发与利用的现状分析51
        3.5.2 开发与利用的条件51-54
    3.6 体育课程内容资源开发与利用的原则54-57
        3.6.1 健康性与广泛参与性相结合原则54-55
        3.6.2 目标导向性原则55
        3.6.3 可接受性原则55-56
        3.6.4 经济实效性与内容多样性原则56
        3.6.5 资源共享性原则56-57
        3.6.6 社会发展需要性原则57
        3.6.7 安全性原则57
    3.7 体育课程内容资源开发与利用的途径、方法57-63
        3.7.1 引进法60
        3.7.2 改造法60-61
        3.7.3 创编法61
        3.7.4 整合法61-62
        3.7.5 筛选法62-63
    3.8 体育课程内容资源开发与利用的制约因素分析63-67
        3.8.1 教育目标的导向性63-64
        3.8.2 传统课程观束缚开发的进程64
        3.8.3 学生经验背景影响课程内容资源的开发64-65
        3.8.4 教师开发意识、师资能力水平的限制65-66
        3.8.5 开发利用所需基础条件不完善66
        3.8.6 部门领导的重视程度66
        3.8.7 学生课程内容开发参与积极性66-67
    3.9 体育课程内容资源开发与利用的对策67-71
        3.9.1 开展培训提高教师专业素质67-68
        3.9.2 开发成果列为科研工作考核指标68
        3.9.3 建立开发评价体系68-69
        3.9.4 加大地区、高校财力资源投入69
        3.9.5 体现地域、民族和文化特征69-70
        3.9.6 形成体育活动联系网70
        3.9.7 建立开发与利用网络平台70-71
        3.9.8 加强国际交流,促进教育国际化71
    3.10 体育课程内容资源开发与利用中应注意的几个问题71-74
        3.10.1 体育与健康教育内容的统筹发展71-72
        3.10.2 符合社会对学生发展的需要72
        3.10.3 内容开发要具有针对性72
        3.10.4 符合学校的实际条件72
        3.10.5 民族传统体育与竞技体育协调发展72-74
第4章 结论与建议74-77
    4.1 结论74-75
    4.2 建议75-77
参考文献77-81
攻读硕士期间发表的论文以及取得的科研成果81-82
致谢82-84
附件1 黑龙江省普通高校体育课程内容资源开发与利用调查问卷Ⅰ84-87
附件2 黑龙江省普通高校体育课程内容资源开发与利用调查问卷Ⅱ87-90
附件3 黑龙江省普通高校体育课程内容资源开发与利用调查问卷Ⅲ90
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