首页 > 硕士 > 教育学 > 正文

功能性运动测试在大学生体质健康测试中的理论和应用研究

Theoretical Study and Applied Research of Functional Exercise Test on College Student Physical Fitness Test

作者: 专业:体育教育训练学 导师:黄文聪 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

College Student physical fitness test, Physical fitness, Functional exercise tests, Functional exercise capacity, National Student Physical Health Standard

        大学生体质健康测试,是学校体育工作中的重要环节,也是学校教育评价体系中的重要组成部分,是促进学生体质健康发展,激励学生积极进行身体锻炼的教育手段,是学生体质健康的个体评价标准,也是学生毕业的必备条件之一。为了提高大学生体质健康水平,教育部、国家体育总局在认真总结试行工作的基础上,于2007年发布《国家学生体质健康标准》,对《学生体质健康标准》进行了修改和完善,但仍有些问题没有得到解决,尤其是选测项目的相关性尤其是力量素质和柔韧素质测试项目的相关性问题。为此本研究试图将一种新的测试方法-功能性运动测试引入到大学生体质测试中以解决此问题。该研究属于探索研究,在借鉴前人体质测试的研究方法的基础上,从体质学、生物学、教育学以及功能性运动测试自身优点等方面,构建出将功能性运动测试运用到大学生体质健康测试中的理论基础和依据,研究结果如下:1)从体质学的角度分析,功能性运动能力是构成身体素质的基础是体质的组成部分之一,两者存在本质的联系。2)从在生物学角度分析,与柔韧素质和力量素质相关的各种因素属于肌肉组成的解剖学结构,是肌肉活动的外在表现。同一块(组)肌肉在活动过程中,柔韧素质和力量素质相互影响相互制约。柔韧素质和力量素质作为同一组选测项目是具有生物学依据的。3)通过对功能性运动测试各个测试项目的动作分析、测试目的及结果说明的研究中发现,功能性运动测试作为大学生体质健康测试的测试手段具有以下方面的优点:第一,对体姿、体型及身体对称性进行了评定;第二,全面测定了人体主要肌群和关节的运动能力,将柔韧素质和力量素质进行了融合;第三,测试方法简单,便于掌握和进行自测。第四,关注个体差异。4)从教育学的角度分析,功能性运动测试符合体质健康测试的本质意义,有助于增强大学生的体育意识,并且符合终身体育的思想。在对哈尔滨工程大学体质健康测试不同得分等级的本科生中进行了小范围的应用研究,研究结果如下:功能性运动测试与大学生体质健康测试所测得的等级结果基本一致,但在良好等级与及格等级中,成绩的离散程度最为明显,将功能性运动测试运用到大学生体质健康测试中,会使评定等级更加细化。目前的大学生体质健康测试没有完全涵盖功能性运动测试所涉及的相关体质内容,在大学生体质健康测试中加入功能性运动测试会更加科学、更加全面的反映出学生体质健康水平。1)大学生功能性测试成绩呈现正态分布的规律符合所选择的样本特点,说明功能性运动测试作为大学生体质健康的测试内容,难度适中基本符合目前的大学生体质健康测试的难度。2)测试成绩表明:与测试2有关的支撑腿的踝部、膝部和臀部的稳定性,以及臀部闭合运动链的伸展性;跨栏腿踝部开放运动链的背屈能力,以及膝部和臀部的前屈能力、平衡能力这些方面的能力较其他能力最低。测试2应优先考虑加入到大学生体质健康的测试内容中去。3)经过对不同性别学生的测试成绩得出,男生测试5主动直腿抬起和测试7旋转稳定性的相关能力较差,女生测试6躯干稳定性俯卧撑和测试1深蹲的相关能力较差。因此,在考虑性别差异的前提下,男生的测试项目应优先选择测试5和测试7,女生应优先选择测试6和测试1。
    College Student physical fitness test is the work of the school sports an important link in school evaluation system .The tests is an important component is to promote the healthy development of physical fitness of students. The test is the means of education to encourage students to actively carry out physical exercise. And the test is not only the individual assessment of student’s health standards, but also a necessary condition for graduation. In order to improve the physical health of university students and on the basis of the conscientious summary of trial work , Ministry of Education, the State Sports General Administration promulgated the "National Student Physical Health Standard" in 2007. It has modified and improved the "student’s health standards", but some issues are still unresolved, Especially, the relevance of the same set of test items. So this study attempts a new test methods - Functional exercise tests into College Student physical fitness test in order to solve this problem.This study belongs to explore and study. On the basis of the predecessors research methodology on physical fitness test, this study has build the theoretical basis and foundation of functional exercise test which applied to the physical health of college students test from the physical science, biology, education and its own merits. The results are as follows:1) From the physical point of view of science, functional exercise capacity is based on the physical fitness constitute an integral part of the constitution, there is the nature of the link between the two.2) From the biological perspective, the various factors related to flexibility and strength are all the external appearance belonging to the composition of the anatomical structures of muscles is the muscle activity. With a (group) muscle in the course of the activity, flexibility and strength of the quality of the quality of interaction checking the other. Flexibility and strength as the same set of test items is on the basis of biological Biology. 3) Through analysis in various test items and test objectives and results show of functional exercise tests ,the study found that functional exercise test as a College Student physical fitness test has the following merits: First, the right body posture, body shape was evaluated; Second, we determined the body’s main muscle groups and joints of the athletic ability. Flexibility and strength will be carried out the quality of integration; Thirdly , the test method is simple, easy to grasp and carry out self-test. Fourthly , attention to individual differences.4) From the point of view of pedagogy, functional exercise testing in line with the essence of the meaning physical fitness tests will help enhance the awareness of students of sports and in line with lifelong physical ideas. In Harbin Engineering University we carried out scores of small-scale applied research on undergraduate students of different levels of physical health test. The results are as follows:In good grades and passing grades, the achievement level is the most obvious discrete. Applied functional exercise test to college student physical fitness test had impact on student grades assessment. The current college student physical fitness test did not fully cover the relevant contents of functional exercise test. College student physical fitness test by adding functional exercise testing will be more scientificly, more comprehensively reflect the standards student’s fitness.1) Functional exercise test scores showed a normal distribution pattern consistent with the sample selected characteristics. Functional exercise testing as the test content of college student physical fitness test, moderate degree of difficulty in line with the degree of difficulty of current college student physical fitness test.2) Test results show that:the ability related test two(ankle knee and hip stability and hip extension of closed kinematic chains and open kinematic chains of hurdle leg ankle dorsiflexion ability and flexion capacity of knee and hip and balance the capacity of these areas) is the least competent than others. Test 2 should be give priority to join the college student physical fitness test. 3) In considering the premise of gender differences, boys test items should give priority to select the test 5 and test 7, girls should give priority to select the test 6 and test 1.
        

功能性运动测试在大学生体质健康测试中的理论和应用研究

摘要5-7
Abstract7-9
第1章 绪论12-19
    1.1 选题背景及意义12-13
    1.2 文献综述13-19
        1.2.1 国外研究现状13-15
        1.2.2 国内研究现状15-19
第2章 研究对象与方法19-23
    2.1 研究对象19
    2.2 研究方法19-23
        2.2.1 文献资料法19
        2.2.2 实验法19-22
        2.2.3 数理统计法22-23
第3章 研究结果与分析23-54
    3.1 功能性运动测试运用到大学生体质健康测试中的理论研究23-44
        3.1.1 功能性运动测试作为大学生体质健康测试内容的体质学依据23-26
        3.1.2 功能性运动测试作为大学生体质健康测试内容的生物学依据26-29
        3.1.3 功能性运动测试作为大学生体质健康测试内容的优点29-39
        3.1.4 功能性运动测试作为大学生体质健康测试内容的教育学依据39-43
        3.1.5 理论研究小结43-44
    3.2 功能性运动测试在大学生体质健康测试中的应用研究结果与分析44-54
        3.2.1 功能性运动测试对大学生体质健康评价结果的影响与分析44-48
        3.2.2 大学生功能性运动能力的分析48-53
        3.2.3 在应用测试中所发现的问题及解决方法53-54
第4章 结论与建议54-56
    4.1 结论54-55
    4.2 建议55-56
参考文献56-60
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果60-61
致谢61-62
附录62-73
    附录A62-67
    附录B67-70
    附录C70-73
        下载全文需50


本文地址:

上一篇:哈尔滨市普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动的可行性研究
下一篇:黑龙江省普通高校体育课程内容资源开发与利用研究

分享到: 分享功能性运动测试在大学生体质健康测试中的理论和应用研究到腾讯微博           收藏
评论排行
公告