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哈尔滨市普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动的可行性研究

The Feasibility Study on Carrying Out of Cheerleading in Extra-curricular Sports Activities in Harbin Universities

作者: 专业:体育教育训练学 导师:纪烈维 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

Harbin University, Extra-curricular sports activities, Cheerleading, Feasibility

        啦啦队运动是一项独具魅力的体育运动项目,得到世界各国人们的喜爱。中国啦啦队运动的发展在国际啦啦队联盟的支持下,在北京奥运会的推动下,大学生健美操艺术体操协会成员(CSARA)的共同努力下,已迅速成长起来。有关啦啦队运动的研究逐年递增,主要集中在高校啦啦队发展历史及现状的研究,尤其是对广西、广东和武汉等地区校啦啦队训练及竞赛的相关研究偏多,对于其在全国普通高校中普及和推广的研究较少,而涉及北方啦啦队运动的研究还未查及。本研究通过文献资料法、专家访谈法、问卷调查法、逻辑分析法,以啦啦队运动为研究对象,通过发放普通学生和参加过啦啦队学生的问卷,调查分析他们在啦啦队的认知、情感接纳、行为倾向上的差异和啦啦队运动对学生身心健康、社会适应能力等方面的影响,并发放教师问卷、访问国内外优秀啦啦队教练员和裁判员,从主客观两方面因素讨论哈尔滨市普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动的可行性,提出相应的实施建议,寄以希望本文的研究能促进啦啦队在普通高校中的推广和普及。研究结果表明:1、啦啦队运动有别于健美操、体育舞蹈、街舞和艺术体操等运动,它在运动理念、动作特点,技术风格和开展形式等都有其独特优势,开展啦啦队运动是对新兴项目有益的实践探索,它与原有同一项群的体育项目相辅相成,共同服务于提高学生身心素质、活跃校园体育文化。2、哈尔滨市普通学生对啦啦队运动的认知水平较低,不了解啦啦队运动的学生占总人数的65.61%,但情感接纳方面的调查统计表明普通学生对这项运动很感兴趣,非常期望去认识并参加啦啦队运动。这为啦啦队在普通高校的开展提供了良好的氛围。3、参加过啦啦队运动的学生,对其认知和行为倾向的程度比普通学生分别高出63.79%和37.75%个百分点,对啦啦队非常喜爱的人数也比普通学生多出51.34%个百分点。研究还表明,通过参加啦啦队运动后他们在身心素质和社会适应能力等方面都有不同程度的提高。4、哈尔滨市普通高校的教师对啦啦队的认知总体水平不高,参加过培训的教师在人数和次数上都很有限,但他们对于啦啦队运动热情很高,希望有更多的机会参加学习和培训,且愿意致力于啦啦队运动的推广和普及的工作。5、研究得出哈尔滨市普通高校具备开展啦啦队课外体育活动的客观条件,基本可以满足啦啦队运动的初级活动和训练。论文根据研究结果提出相应的建议。首先,普通高校应充分认识到学生对啦啦队运动的浓厚兴趣和啦啦队运动对高校学生身心健康的影响,并积极宣传和推广这项运动。第二、加强普通高校教师有关啦啦队运动理论和实践知识的培训,有助于高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动开展的科学化。第三、挖掘现有场馆设施,实行一馆多用、一室多用,提供适合啦啦队运动的场地,逐渐完善其场馆及场地设施,为开展更高水平的啦啦队运动做铺垫。第四、结合啦啦队运动的特点,在开展啦啦队课外体育活动的过程中,积极探索开展啦啦队课外体育活动的组织形式,并付之以实践研究,总结出可以供其他地区学校借鉴的理论和实践基础。
    The cheerleading is a unique and attractive new athletic sport and lots of people in the world have been fond of this sport .China has entered the early stage of the development of cheerleading with the help of the International Cheerleading League, the impetus of the BeiJing Olympic Games and the efforts of China College Students Gymnastics Rhythmic Gymnastics Association (CSARA). With all these help, the development of cheerleading in China’s has begun to take shape. The research on cheerleading campaign increases annually and is mainly in the development of college cheerleader’s status of theoretical research, especially focus on cheerleading skills training and competition studies in southern Guangdong and Guangxi provinces. And less attention to national universities and the research has not reached to the northern cheerleading sports.In this paper, the research object is the cheerleading sport, the literature method; the expert interviews, the questionnaire survey method and the logical analysis are being used. Based on the previous research results and combine the basic situation of universities in Harbin, the issuance of questionnaires to ordinary students and student who are participated in Cheerleading sport has carried out, analyze their cheerleading cognitive, emotional and behavioral tendencies to accept the differences and the impact of cheerleading exercise to student’s physical and mental health, social adaptation capacity. Furthermore, a questionnaire has handed out to teachers and had interviews with the experts such as domestic and foreign outstanding coaches and cheerleaders referees. And discussed the feasibility of cheerleaders in extra-curricular sports activities in schools in Harbin from the subjective and objective factors and came up with the implementation of relevant recommendations, hoping that this paper can increase the speed of the development and the popularization of the cheerleading sports in schools in Harbin.The results show that:1. Cheerleading is different from aerobics exercise, sports dancing, break dance and gymnastics and other related sports, it has unique advantages in philosophy in motion, features in action, , technological style and forms of conduct. It is not conflict to carry out cheerleading exercise and the other related campaigns at the same time but a useful exercise to explore new projects. The cheerleading exercise and the other related campaigns complement each other, both to help to improve the physical.2. There is only small promotion on cheerleading sport in schools in Harbin, students know little about cheerleading sport, about 65.61% students know nothing about the cheerleading sport, but the emotional acceptance survey showed that in general students are interested in cheerleading sport and students are looking forward to understand, to participate in cheerleading sports. These results provide a good atmosphere for the cheerleading sport is being conducted in schools in Harbin.3. The students who have participated in cheerleading sports are 37.75%, 63.79% and 51.34% higher than the ordinary students in their cognitive, behavior and likability tendency to cheerleading sport respectively. The study also shows that the quality of their physical, mental and social adaptability have different levels of increasing after participating in cheerleading sport.4. The cognition of cheerleading is not high among the teachers in schools in Harbin and there is only limited number of teachers are participated in the training. However, they are highly enthusiastic about cheerleading and are like to have more opportunities to participate in learning and training, and are willing to work for the promotion and popularization of cheerleading sports.5. The study shows that the objective conditions to conduct the cheerleading extra-curricular sports activities in universities in Harbin meet the basic cheerleading activities and training.The recommendations are made accordingly based on the findings in this paper. First of all, promote cheerleading sport vigorously and fully aware of the student interest in cheerleading sport and the impact of cheerleading exercise to student’s physical and mental health. Secondly, to strengthen the cheerleading sports training and learning to help colleges and universities to carry out cheerleading extra-curricular sports activities scientifically. Thirdly,To improve the cheerleading sports’ stadiums, venues and facilities and pave the way for a higher level of cheerleading. Fourthly, the effective implementation of the sun sports, make full use of the advantages of schools and universities and combine the cheerleading sport’s characteristics. To explore the cheerleading methods and forms of extra-curricular sports activities in the process of developing cheerleading sport in extra-curricular sports activities and put into practice study. Seek effective diversity of forms of organization based on specific conditions and to conclude the theoretical and empirical basis to let the other schools in the region to learn from.
        

哈尔滨市普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动的可行性研究

摘要5-7
Abstract7-9
第1章 绪论12-21
    1.1 选题依据12-13
        1.1.1 提高当代学生体质健康水平迫在眉睫12
        1.1.2 课外体育是学校体育的重要组成部分12-13
        1.1.3 啦啦队运动的开展有利于丰富校园体育文化13
    1.2 选题的目的意义13-14
    1.3 相关定义14
    1.4 国内外研究现状14-16
    1.5 国内外发展现状16-21
第2章 研究对象与方法21-24
    2.1 研究对象21
    2.2 研究方法21-24
        2.2.1 文献资料法21
        2.2.2 问卷调查法21-23
        2.2.3 专家访谈法23
        2.2.4 数理统计法23
        2.2.5 逻辑分析法23-24
第3章 研究结果与分析24-51
    3.1 哈尔滨市普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动的价值和意义24-31
        3.1.1 开展啦啦队运动是对新兴项目的实践探索24-29
        3.1.2 开展啦啦队课外体育活动具有创新性29-30
        3.1.3 开展啦啦队运动课外体育活动促进阳光体育运动的实施30
        3.1.4 普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动有利于推广啦啦队运动30-31
    3.2 哈尔滨市普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动可行性主体性因素分析31-45
        3.2.1 哈尔滨市普通高校学生对啦啦队运动概念认知情况分析31-32
        3.2.2 哈尔滨市普通高校学生对啦啦队运动认知内容情况分析32-33
        3.2.3 哈尔滨市普通高校学生对啦啦队运动认知途径分析33-34
        3.2.4 哈尔滨市普通高校学生对啦啦队运动的情感接纳程度分析34-36
        3.2.5 普通学生对参加啦啦队课外体育活动的行为倾向调查分析36
        3.2.6 参加过啦啦队的学生参加啦啦队课外体育锻炼态度和兴趣调查分析36-37
        3.2.7 啦啦队运动对学生身体素质的影响37-39
        3.2.8 啦啦队运动对学生心理素质的影响39-42
        3.2.9 啦啦队运动对学生社会适应能力的影响42-45
    3.3 哈尔滨市普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动可行性的客观因素分析45-51
        3.3.1 普通高校开展啦啦队运动学习资料的广泛来源45-46
        3.3.2 普通高校教师对开展啦啦队运动的态度46-49
        3.3.3 普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动对场地器材的要求49
        3.3.4 普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动的时间49-50
        3.3.5 普通高校开展啦啦队课外体育活动的形式50-51
第4章 结论与建议51-53
    4.1 结论51
    4.2 建议51-53
参考文献53-57
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果57-58
致谢58-59
附录59-64
    附录A 问卷(I)59-61
    附录A 问卷(II)61-63
    附录A 问卷(III)63-64
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