彩色背景下的颜色突显研究

Color Highlighting Research on Colorful Background

作者: 专业:应用心理学 导师:李宏汀 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 浙江理工大学

Keywords

Highlighting, Color Highlighting, Visual Search, Interface Design

        颜色突显是指在与视觉搜索任务有关的视觉显示中,采用颜色突出显示多个项目中的目标项目,从而提高视觉搜索效率的一种方法或技术。颜色突显的研究成果对提高界面可用性有着重大意义。在以往的研究中,有研究者对黑白颜色背景下的颜色突显规律进行了研究,而基于彩色背景下的颜色突显研究还较少涉及。但是随着科技的发展及生产力的提高,人机界面显示背景颜色也从原来较为单一的黑白颜色为主变为现在的彩色为主,因此基于理论和实践需要,有必要对彩色背景下的颜色突显进行研究。本研究主要包括三个实验。实验一研究黑色背景下前景颜色突显、背景颜色突显及方框颜色突显三种突显方式对被试搜索绩效的影响。通过比较这三种颜色突显方式下被试搜索绩效,确定一种最优的颜色突显方式。实验二在实验一研究结果的基础上研究单色背景下最佳的突显颜色。实验采用视觉搜索任务,以正确率和反应时作为绩效指标,通过比较单色背景下不同颜色突显的搜索绩效,来确定最优的突显颜色。实验三在实验一研究结果的基础上研究自然彩色背景和随机彩色背景下的最佳突显颜色。实验采用视觉搜索任务,以正确率和反应时作为绩效指标,通过比较自然彩色背景和随机彩色背景下不同颜色突显的搜索绩效,确定最优的突显颜色。本研究的主要结论是:(1)黑色背景下,前景颜色突显方式是最优的突显类型,其次是方框颜色突显方式,最后是背景颜色突显方式。(2)在浅蓝背景或浅绿的单色背景下,四种颜色突显条件均优于非突显条件,同时红色突显绩效最好,紫色突显绩效最差。如果受条件限制必须采用非突显设计时,在浅蓝背景下,干扰目标的颜色应为白色绩效较好,而在浅绿背景下,干扰目标的颜色应为黑色绩效较好。(3)自然彩色背景和随机彩色背景下,如果采用颜色突显设计,无论干扰目标颜色为黑色或白色,四种突显条件均优于非突显条件,同时黄色突显绩效最好;如果受条件限制必须采用非突显设计,干扰目标的颜色应为黑色绩效较好。根据实验结论,文章提出界面突显设计原则:(1)黑色背景下,前景颜色突显、方框颜色突显、背景颜色突显都可以作为一种有效的突显类型在界面设计中采用,推荐使用前景颜色突显;(2)在浅蓝背景或浅绿背景下,四种颜色突显均可以作为一种有效的突显方式,推荐使用红色突显;如果条件限制采用非突显设计,在浅蓝背景下,干扰目标颜色推荐使用白色,在浅绿背景下,干扰目标颜色推荐使用黑色。(3)自然彩色背景下,如果采用颜色突显设计,无论干扰目标颜色为黑色或白色,突显颜色推荐使用黄色;如果条件限制采用非突显设计,干扰目标颜色推荐使用黑色;对特定的彩色背景突显设计时要考虑到特异的情况,应该进行专门的研究。
    Color highlighting is a kind of method or technique, which can improve efficiency of visual search in visual search task related to the visual display. The research results of color highlighting can improve the usability of human interface significantly. At present, the color highlighting research based on color background are less involved. However, with the devel-opment of the technology and the improvement of productivity, the background colors of hu-man-machine interface display are now changing from original black and white color to co-lorful background, so it is necessary to study the color highlighting rules based on colorful background.This research includes three experiments.The first experiment tested the search performance of three kinds of color highlighting based on black background. The three kinds of color highlighting were foreground color hig-hlighting, background color highlighting and box color highlighting. The aim of this experi-ment was to define an optimal kind of color highlighting by comparing the search perfor-mances of the three kinds of color highlighting.The Second experiment studied the optimal highlighting color on the single colorful background based on the result of the first experiment. The aim of this experiment was to de-fine an optimal highlighting color by comparing the search performances in different color highlighting conditions on the single colorful background using the visual search task.The third experiment studied the optimal highlighting color on the natural colorful back-ground and random colorful background based on the result of the first experiment. The aim of this experiment was to define an optimal kind of highlighting color by comparing the dif-ferent color highlighting search performances on natural colorful background and random co-lorful background using the visual search task.The main conclusions of this study included:(1) According to the black background, the foreground color highlighting was the optim-al highlighting type, followed by the box color highlighting and the background color hig-hlighting.(2) According to the light blue background and light green background, the four types of colors highlighting conditions were all better than the non-highlighted condition, the red hig-hlighting was the best and the purple highlighting was the worst. If the condition was re- stricted using the non-highlighted design, on the light blue background, the interference target color should be white, on the light green background, the interference target color should be black.(3) According to the natural colorful background, if the color highlighting design was adopted, no matter interfere target color was black or white, four kinds of highlighting condi-tions were superior to non- highlighted condition, the yellow highlighting was optimal; if condition was restricted using non-highlighted design, the interfere target color should be black.According to the experiment conclusions, the article brings forward the interface hig-hlighting design principles: (1) According to the black background, the foreground color highlighting, box hig-hlighting color, and the background color could all be used in the interface highlighting de-sign as an effective highlighting type, the foreground color highlighting was recommended; on black background, the foreground color highlighting was the optimal highlighting type, followed by the box color highlighting and the background color highlighting.(2) According to the light blue background and light green background, the four types of color highlighting conditions could all be used to in the interface highlighting design as an effective highlighting type, the red color highlighting was recommended; If the condition was restricted using the non-highlighted design, on the light blue background, the interference target color should be white, on the light green background, the interference target color should be black.(3) According to the natural color background, if the color highlighting design was adopted, no matter interfere target color was black or white, the yellow highlighting was recommended; if it was restricted to use non-highlight design, the interfering target color should be black. The highlighting design on specific background color should be of special study.
        

彩色背景下的颜色突显研究

摘要4-6
Abstract6-7
1 背景10-17
    1.1 研究概述10-11
    1.2 颜色突显研究现状11-13
        1.2.1 有关突显效用性的研究11-12
        1.2.2 有关突显机制的研究12-13
    1.3 问题的提出13
    1.4 实验构思13-15
        1.4.1 第一阶段实验方案14
        1.4.2 第二阶段实验方案14-15
        1.4.3 第三阶段实验方案15
    1.5 研究的意义15-17
2 实验研究17-43
    2.1 实验一17-28
        2.1.1 实验目的17
        2.1.2 实验方法17-19
        2.1.3 实验结果19-26
        2.1.4 结论26-28
    2.2 实验二28-35
        2.2.1 实验目的28
        2.2.2 实验方法28-31
        2.2.3 实验结果31-34
        2.2.4 结论34-35
    2.3 实验三35-43
        2.3.1 实验目的35
        2.3.2 实验方法35-37
        2.3.3 实验结果37-41
        2.3.4 结论41-43
3 总讨论43-45
4 总结论45-46
参考文献46-48
致谢48-49
附录49-52
    附录一 实验三背景说明49
    附录二 突显研究综述49-52
攻读学位期间的研究成果52
        下载全文需10


本文地址:

上一篇:大学生就业通用胜任力模型的建构与验证
下一篇:双参照系地图的方位判断绩效研究

分享到: 分享彩色背景下的颜色突显研究到腾讯微博           收藏
评论排行
公告