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新时期坚持党的群众路线优良传统研究

Research on Sticking to Fine Tradition of Mass Line in New Era

作者: 专业:马克思主义基本原理 导师:陈晓晖 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

New Era, Mass Line, Fine tradition

        群众路线是毛泽东思想活的灵魂之一,是中国共产党长期革命和建设经验的科学总结,是历史唯物主义的生动体现。群众路线的基本内容是“一切为了群众,一切依靠群众,从群众中来,到群众中去”。一切为了群众是党的群众路线的基本出发点,是无产阶级政党与其他一切政党的根本区别。一切依靠群众是党革命和建设的有效途径。从群众中来、到群众中去,是党最基本的领导方法和工作方法,是对辩证唯物主义认识论的创造性运用。在改革开放新时期,构建社会主义和谐社会、全面推进党的建设新的伟大工程、建设中国特色社会主义民主政治是中国共产党所肩负的重大战略任务。实践表明,在新的历史条件下中国共产党要想顺利完成这些艰巨任务就必须坚持群众路线。随着改革开放的不断深化和社会主义现代化建设的不断发展,党的群众路线呈现出服务对象多元化、工作方式多样化、工作环境复杂化等新的特点。同时,贯彻落实群众路线面临着思想观念、工作作风、运行机制等方面出现的新问题。历史经验证明:什么时候党的群众路线执行得好,党群关系密切,党的事业就发展顺利;什么时候党的群众路线执行得不好,党群关系受损,党的事业就会遭受挫折。因此,在新时期贯彻落实党的群众路线,必须针对群众路线的新特点和实施过程中出现的新问题,探索坚持群众路线的有效方法与途径,即重视群众利益、充分发挥人民群众的主体作用、完善执行群众路线的相关制度。群众路线是中国共产党的根本工作路线,也是党的根本政治路线和组织路线。在新的历史时期,群众路线不仅没有过时,而且应该始终是党分析、解决问题的基本观点和基本方法,要继承和发扬群众路线优良传统,开创中国特色社会主义事业新局面。
    Mass line is one of the living souls of Maoism. It scientifically summarizes the Chinese communist party’s experiences of long-term revolution and construction and it lively reflects historical materialism. The basic components of mass line are doing everything for the masses, relying on the masses, coming from the masses and going to the masses. Doing everything for the masses is the basic point of mass line. It is the biggest difference between the party of the proletariat and the other political parties. Relying on the masses is the basic way to revolute and construct. Coming from the masses and going to the masses is the basic method of leadership and work. It is creative use of theory of knowledge of dialectical materialism.In the new era, constructing socialistic harmonious society, comprehensively pushing forward the great new party-building project and constructing socialist democracy with Chinese characteristics are the major strategic tasks of the Party. Practice proves that to solve these tasks the Party must stick to the mass line in the new historical conditions. With the development of the reform and opening-up and the socialist modernization drive the mass line presents several new characteristics such as the target objects become more diverse, the way of working is diversified and the working environment is more complex. At the same time, sticking to the mass line is confronted with new problems in thought concept, style of work and operational mechanism. Historical experience has shown that whenever the effect of carrying out the mass line is excellent and the Party is close with the masses, the cause of the Party will develop smoothly; whenever carrying out the mass line is ineffective and the Party is in bad with the masses, the cause of the Party will suffer setbacks. Therefore, in the new era implementing the mass line should explore effective methods in view of the new characteristics and problems, such as valuing the interests of the masses, respecting the principal role of the masses and improving relevant systems.Mass line is the Party’s basic line of work, basic political line and organizational line. In the new era, it is not outdated and it should always be the fundamental view and method for the Party to analyze and solve problems. The Party ought to carry on and develop the fine tradition of mass line and create a new situation of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
        

新时期坚持党的群众路线优良传统研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5
1 绪论8-12
    1.1 选题意义8
    1.2 研究文献综述8-10
        1.2.1 关于新时期群众路线的特点研究9
        1.2.2 关于新时期坚持群众路线面临的问题研究9-10
        1.2.3 关于新时期贯彻落实群众路线的对策研究10
    1.3 研究思路10-12
2 党的群众路线理论概述12-27
    2.1 群众路线的内涵及理论渊源12-16
        2.1.1 群众路线的内涵12-13
        2.1.2 群众路线的理论渊源13-16
    2.2 群众路线的形成与发展16-19
        2.2.1 新中国成立前16-17
        2.2.2 新中国成立后17-19
    2.3 新时期坚持党的群众路线的意义19-27
        2.3.1 坚持群众路线是构建社会主义和谐社会的重要保障19-21
        2.3.2 坚持群众路线是加强新时期党的建设的重要途径21-24
        2.3.3 坚持群众路线是发展中国特色社会主义民主政治的重要支撑24-27
3 新时期党的群众路线的特点及面临的主要问题27-35
    3.1 新时期党的群众路线的特点27-30
        3.1.1 群众路线的服务对象多元化27-28
        3.1.2 群众路线的工作方式多样化28-29
        3.1.3 群众路线的工作环境复杂化29-30
    3.2 新时期坚持群众路线面临的主要问题及原因分析30-35
        3.2.1 思想观念方面的问题30-31
        3.2.2 工作作风方面的问题31-33
        3.2.3 运行机制方面的问题33-35
4 新时期贯彻落实群众路线的几点思考35-45
    4.1 重视群众利益,密切党群关系35-38
        4.1.1 关注群众合理的利益诉求35-36
        4.1.2 提升为民办事的能力36-37
        4.1.3 增强与人民群众的感情37-38
    4.2 充分发挥人民群众的主体作用38-40
        4.2.1 培养群众的主人翁意识38-39
        4.2.2 发掘群众的聪明才智39-40
        4.2.3 发挥基层群众组织的作用40
    4.3 完善执行群众路线的相关制度40-45
        4.3.1 党内外监督制度41-42
        4.3.2 调查研究制度42
        4.3.3 科学民主决策制度42-43
        4.3.4 利益协调制度43-45
结论45-46
参考文献46-48
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况48-49
致谢49-50
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