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儒家文化普及经验及其当代价值研究

Research on the Popularity of Confucian Culture and Its Contemporary Value

作者: 专业:马克思主义理论·思想政治教育 导师:刘宏伟 年度:2010  院校: 大连理工大学

Keywords

        二千多年来,儒家文化作为中国传统文化的主干,在促进中国“大一统”局面的形成、促进多民族的团结融合、促进爱国主义精神形成过程中,发挥了极其重要的作用。正所谓“问渠那得清如许,为有源头活水来。”儒家文化自汉武帝“罢黜百家,独尊儒术”后,成为中国影响最为深远的理论体系。渗透到社会生活的每一个角落,以至用它的价值观念和行为方式影响到社会的风俗习惯,尽管在这个过程中也经受着其他思想学说和外来文化的挑战和冲击,但是其核心却始终未曾发生变化。它的普及传承经验于当代仍有巨大的理论价值和实践价值。本研究对儒家文化的普及传承从其缘起和普及发展的过程进行分析,从中探析其普及历程,并总结出三方面的普及经验。首先,儒家文化注重维护其核心价值:以人为本的人文情怀,重视血缘的家庭伦理;其次,儒家文化注重社会传播和渗透:政府的官方推广,教育的融合渗透,儒生的贯彻与弘扬;最后,儒家文化注重内外交流和开放革新:儒家文化借鉴包容本土诸学;儒家文化吸收消融外来文化。上述普及经验对于儒家文化的普及推广发挥了重要作用。本研究于最后总结归纳出儒家文化的当代价值,主要体现在理论和实践两个方面。理论价值包括构建以人为本的目标体系;关注家庭伦理道德建设;坚持与时俱进的精神。实践路径包括加强政府的宏观引导;落实教育的改革与创新;提升教师队伍的综合素质。
    In two thousand years, Confucian culture played an extremely important effect as the backbone of traditional Chinese culture. Confucian culture has played a significant role in the promotion of China’s "universal" situation of the formation and multi-ethnic unity and integration, and during the formation of the spirit of patriotism. As the saying goes, "asked him that so clear, as there is water flowing". The Chinese Confucian culture penetrated into various fields since the Han Dynasty "To abandon hundreds, Only Confucianism", which became the most profound theoretical system of China. It affected social customs with whose values and behavior, however, suffering from the challenges and the impact of other ideological doctrines and foreign culture, whose core has always not been changed. Its heritage and popularity experience is still valuable for contemporary theoretical and practical construction.This paper makes a comprehensive analysis of the popularity and the process of historical development of Confucian culture. From which to grasp the universal history, to summarize the historical experience of its popularity:first, the implicit method of humanities and home blood-based; second, the dominant universal means of government-based advocacy and the infiltration of education,; The third is strong ablation-based updates and regeneration by the enhancement of scholars and other schools and foreign culture.The contemporary value of universal experience of the Confucian is mainly enlightenment for the construction of socialist core value system. From its internal tension, this needs to focus on people-centered objectives and concerned about the construction of family ethics. From its specific universal means, which need the efforts of government to promote, and reform and innovation of education. From the point of regeneration and update mechanism, which needs to strengthen the team building of teacher and stick with the times.
        

儒家文化普及经验及其当代价值研究

摘要4-5
Abstract5
引言8-9
1 前言9-12
    1.1 选题目的和研究意义9-10
        1.1.1 选题目的9
        1.1.2 研究意义9-10
    1.2 研究现状概述10-11
        1.2.1 儒家文化普及历程的研究10
        1.2.2 儒家文化普及经验的研究10-11
        1.2.3 儒家文化普及经验当代价值的研究11
    1.3 研究方法和创新点11-12
        1.3.1 研究方法11
        1.3.2 创新点11-12
2 儒家文化的产生与普及历程12-19
    2.1 儒家文化的缘起12-14
        2.1.1 儒家文化产生的内在要素12-13
        2.1.2 儒家文化创立之初的外部环境13-14
    2.2 儒家文化的普及过程14-16
        2.2.1 汉代的罢黜百家和独尊14-15
        2.2.2 自汉以后被尊为正统思想15
        2.2.3 对外来文化的消融和吸收15-16
    2.3 儒家文化普及的成效16-19
        2.3.1 儒家文化成为古代教育的主要内容17-18
        2.3.2 儒家文化成为普通民众的价值认同18-19
3 儒家文化普及经验的梳理19-32
    3.1 儒家文化注重维护其核心价值19-20
        3.1.1 以人为本的人文情怀19-20
        3.1.2 重视血缘的家庭伦理20
    3.2 儒家文化注重社会传播和渗透20-23
        3.2.1 政府的官方推广20-21
        3.2.2 教育的融合渗透21-23
        3.2.3 儒生的贯彻与弘扬23
    3.3 儒家文化注重内外交流和开放革新23-27
        3.3.1 儒家文化借鉴包容本土诸学24-25
        3.3.2 儒家文化吸收消融外来文化25-27
    4.1 儒家文化普及经验的理论价值27-29
        4.1.1 构建以人为本的目标体系27-28
        4.1.2 关注家庭伦理道德建设28-29
        4.1.3 坚持与时俱进的精神29
    4.2 儒家文化普及经验的实践路径29-32
        4.2.1 加强政府的宏观引导29-30
        4.2.2 落实教育的改革与创新30-31
        4.2.3 提升教师队伍的综合素质31-32
结论32-33
参考文献33-35
攻读硕士学位期间发表学术论文情况35-36
致谢36-38
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