我国船舶企业环境责任法律问题研究

The Research on Legal Issues of Ship Corporate Environmental Responsibility

作者: 专业:经济法学 导师:丁玮 年度:2010 学位:硕士  院校: 哈尔滨工程大学

Keywords

ship enterprise, environmental responsibility, environmental protection

        目前国际社会对环境保护日益重视的大环境下,中国的造船业发展迅猛,在世界造船市场上形成“三分天下有其一”之势。仅手持的订单份便已上升至全球订单的17%左右。同时,国内的大船东也纷纷定购船舶以扩充运力。虽然目前情况下,我国船舶企业环境责任问题未至严重凸显,但基于维护船舶企业发展和国家环境利益、发展航运经济以及保护海洋和内河环境之考虑,对于船舶企业环境责任的研究已是迫在眉睫。加强法律适用等方面问题的调查和研究,探寻我国亟需制定的适合国情的船舶企业环境责任承担机制成为法学框架下环境法领域的挑战之一。本文除绪论和结论外,共分为四个部分围绕船舶企业环境责任问题进行论述。从船舶企业环境责任所应当涉及的基本问题着手,研究船舶企业、企业社会责任、企业环境责任的一般理论,以及船舶企业环境责任承担与一般环境责任的比较分析,进一步论述了船舶企业环境责任的特殊性所在。从我国实际情况出发,结合我国船舶企业环境责任的具体问题,讨论船舶企业环境责任问题研究具有的现实意义和相当的必要性,揭示目前船舶企业存在的环境污染问题以及该问题产生的后果,并研究了国际相关船舶企业环境责任问题的研究成果与相关的法律制度,对各国先进的相关做法进行评介的同时对国际上船舶企业环境责任问题的研究特点进行总结,为我国适用国际船舶企业环境责任管理模式,找出需要解决的问题和提供法律转换的技术支撑。最终,笔者通过研究,对我国船舶企业环境责任制度提出了适合我国国情的的构建设想,结合法学视域下对于该问题法律研究的应有理念和应当遵循的基本原则,提出相关立法建议。
    Under the increasing attention toward environmental protection form current international community, Chinese shipbuilding industry has increased substantially and become one of the most important makers in the world. China now holds 17% of the total orders around the world. At the meantime, a large number of ship owners have increased its orders to enhance the transport capacity. Although the china’s shipbuilding enterprises have not suggest a serious attention over environmental responsibility, considering the maintenance of ship-based enterprise development and national environmental benefits, the development of maritime economy and environment protection of the marine and river, it is necessary to start the research for corporate environmental responsibility. It is challenging to strengthen the legal and other aspects of the application of investigation and research, based on the exploration over the suitability of conditions in China which required by the development of corporate environmental mechanism under environmental law.This article is divided into four parts which discusses around the ship enterprise environmental responsibility excluding the introduction and conclusion. Corporate environmental responsibilities from the ship should progress with the basic issues involved in research ship business, corporate social responsibility, the general theory of corporate environmental responsibility, and comparison between the differences of the ship enterprise environment with the general environmental responsibility, with further analysis over corporate environmental responsibility in the shipbuilding industry. Considering the realistic facts in China, the essay discussed the environmental responsibility of shipbuilding enterprises on specific issues which based on the responsibility for the enterprise environment that the industry has considerable practical significance and the necessary to reveal the importance of the business pollution problems and the consequences. With studies of international issues related to corporate environmental responsibility in the ship research according to relevant legal system from the practices of leading countries, reviewing international issues of corporate environmental responsibility to sum up the characters and the business environment in building international shipping liability management model in china, which also identify existing problems and provide technical support for legal changes.In the end, the essay gives the structure of corporate environmental responsibility system based on the industry facts of china’s shipbuilding, combined with Economic Perspective on current issues on which point should legal research concepts and basic principles to be followed and relevant legislative proposals being made.
        

我国船舶企业环境责任法律问题研究

摘要5-6
ABSTRACT6-7
第1章 绪论11-18
    1.1 论文研究的背景、目的和意义11-12
    1.2 国内外研究现状12-16
        1.2.1 国外研究现状12-13
        1.2.2 国内研究现状13-16
    1.3 主要研究方法和创新之处16-18
        1.3.1 论文的研究方法16
        1.3.2 论文的创新之处16-18
第2章 我国船舶企业环境责任的基本问题18-30
    2.1 船舶企业环境责任的一般理论18-25
        2.1.1 船舶企业的界定及“责任”的探讨18-20
        2.1.2 企业社会责任20-22
        2.1.3 企业的环境责任22-25
    2.2 船舶企业环境责任承担的特殊性25-29
        2.2.1 船舶企业环境责任与一般环境责任的共同点25-26
        2.2.2 船舶企业环境责任的特殊性26-29
    2.3 本章小结29-30
第3章 我国船舶企业环境责任问题的探析30-44
    3.1 我国船舶企业存在的环境污染问题及后果分析30-34
        3.1.1 噪声的污染方面存在的问题和后果分析30-31
        3.1.2 固体的废弃物方面存在的问题和后果分析31
        3.1.3 大气污染物排放方面方面存在的问题和后果分析31-32
        3.1.4 污水的排放方面存在的问题和后果分析32-33
        3.1.5 材料使用对海洋的污染方面存在的问题和后果分析33-34
    3.2 我国环境保护的现行制度及存在的问题34-37
    3.3 船舶企业环境责任问题研究的紧迫性37-41
        3.3.1 现实状况的危机37-38
        3.3.2 经济发展的保障38-41
    3.4 海洋开发利用的重要性与船舶企业环境责任价值与意义41-43
    3.5 本章小结43-44
第4章 国外船舶企业环境法律责任问题研究44-50
    4.1 国外船舶企业环境责任问题研究产生的背景44-45
    4.2 国外船舶企业环境责任问题的研究现状45
    4.3 国际船舶企业环境责任研究的特点和不足之处45-47
    4.4 国外船舶企业环境责任研究对我国的启示47-48
    4.5 本章小结48-50
第5章 我国船舶企业环境责任制度的构建设想50-70
    5.1 完善我国船舶企业环境责任的相关立法50-51
    5.2 舶企业环境责任问题研究的应有理念51-52
        5.2.1 体系把握的理念51
        5.2.2 程序控制的理念51
        5.2.3 规范内化的理念51-52
        5.2.4 资本管理的理念52
    5.3 确立船舶企业环境责任法律制度应遵循的基本原则52-56
        5.3.1 合法性与科学性相结合原则53-54
        5.3.2 法的稳定性与法的创建性相结合原则54-55
        5.3.3 正确运用立法技术原则55-56
    5.4 建立我国船舶企业环境法律责任配套法律制度56-69
        5.4.1 健全政府主管部门的监管机制56-59
        5.4.2 推进船舶企业绿色标准的实施59-61
        5.4.3 完善船舶企业市场准入与退出机制61-64
        5.4.4 健全船舶企业环境责任赔偿制度64-65
        5.4.5 完善强制船舶企业环境责任保险制度65-67
        5.4.6 健全船舶企业环境责任许可制度67-69
    5.5 本章小结69-70
结论70-72
参考文献72-76
攻读硕士学位期间发表的论文和取得的科研成果76-77
致谢77
        下载全文需10


本文地址:

上一篇:破产重整中债权人利益保护法律问题研究
下一篇:简易破产程序研究

分享到: 分享我国船舶企业环境责任法律问题研究到腾讯微博           收藏
评论排行
公告