首页 > 硕士 > 法学 > 正文

中医大学生职业素质现状调查与培养对策研究

A Research on the Investigation and Cultivation of Occupational Quality of Undergraduates in Traditional Chinese Medicine

作者: 专业:思想政治教育 导师:袁毓玲 年度:2015 学位:硕士  院校: 广州中医药大学

Keywords

The full development of human, Occupational quality, Humanistic quality, Chinese medicine education

        随着社会的不断发展,生物一心理一社会一环境医学模式越来越被人们所重视,与此同时一轮又一轮的医学教育改革也在全世界范围内兴起。新的医学模式、新的医学教育对中医学生的素质提出了不同的要求。医生,担负着促进人民身体健康的任务,责任重大。作为一名中医大学生,应该具有哪些职业素质才能胜任中医医生的工作?同时,学校在这些素质培养方面存在哪些问题?基于此,本研究分为以下三个部分。首先,明确中医大学生职业素质的含义和要求,即中医学本科学生胜任中医医生工作所应具备的道德、知识和临床实践能力的组合,一共有28项职业素质要素。第二,在明确中医大学生职业素质含义和要求的基础上设计问卷,调查中医学生和中医医生对各职业素质要素重要性的认知状况,通过t检验分析比较两者的认知异同。接着,利用因子分析方法探索各职业素质要素之间的关系,发现28项职业素质要素可以进一步用8个维度来概括,分别是职业动机和信念、职业态度和个人特质、中医核心理论、中医辅助知识、西医基础知识、核心实践能力、人际关系能力和信息素质。第三,通过以上的实证分析,发现中医学生对职业道德、人文素质、临床能力特别是人际关系能力和信息素质等认识不到位,这折射出了学校在这些素质培养中存有问题。之所以存在这样的问题,是因为医德教育观念和方法落后,人文类课程设置不合理,临床实践安排不科学、内容不全面。针对以上的问题和原因,可以采取以下的措施:发挥中医药文化资源优势,增强医德教育的有效性;突出中医知识培养,强化传统文化素质;理论和实践相结合,着力于人际关系能力和信息素质的提高
    With the development of the society, Bio-Psycho-Socio-Environ medical mode is more and more valued by people. At the same time, the reform of medical education is in a round of the rise in the world scope. Chinese medical students are differently required by a new medical model, new medical education. Doctor charges with the task of promoting people’s health. As a Chinese Medicine student, which ability quality to be competent TCM doctors’ work? At the same time, which problem does exit in the cultivation of students’ ability? Based on this, this research is divided into three parts.First of all, define the meaning and requirement of the quality of TCM Students. It is the combination of the moral, knowledge and clinical practice ability of the undergraduate students in TCM should be possessed of the work of TCM doctors.At the same time, every level will build up the capability element, altogether 28.Secondly, on the basis of defining the meaning and requirement of TCM Students’ quality, the questionnaire is designed to investigate the cognitive status of the students and doctors of TCM to the importance of quality factors. Through t test, the comparison of the two cognitive differences are analyzed and compared. Then using factor analysis to explore the relationship between each capability element,28 ability elements can be further with 8 dimensions to summarize, career motivation and beliefs, professional attitude and personal qualities, the core theory of Chinese medicine, computer-aided knowledge of traditional Chinese medicine, western medicine basic knowledge, core practical ability, interpersonal relationship ability and information literacy.Lastly, through the empirical analysis, the students of TCM don’t realize clearly the professional morality, the humanistic quality, the clinical ability, the interpersonal relationship ability and the information literacy especially. It reflects the problems of the school in these qualities. The reason is that medical ethics education ideas and methods, humanities curriculum unreasonable, clinical practice arrangement unscientific, content is not comprehensive. The following measures can be taken for the above questions:playing the advantages of the cultural resources of Chinese medicine and enhancing the effectiveness of moral education; highlight the knowledge of traditional Chinese medicine culture, strengthen the traditional culture; the combination of theory and practice, efforts to improve interpersonal skills and information literacy
        

中医大学生职业素质现状调查与培养对策研究

摘要3-4
ABSTRACT4-5
引言8-9
第一章 绪论9-14
    第一节 研究的目的和意义9
    第二节 国内外文献综述9-12
    第三节 研究方法和技术路线12-14
        一、研究方法12
        二、技术路线12-14
第二章 中医大学生职业素质理论14-21
    第一节 马克思主义人的全面发展思想14-17
        一、马克思的人的全面发展思想14-15
        二、当代领导人关于人的全面发展思想15-17
    第二节 素质理论17-18
        一、素质的含义17-18
        二、素质要素结构18
    第三节 中医大学生职业素质的含义18-21
        一、中医大学生职业素质的概念18-19
        二、中医大学生职业素质的要求19-21
第三章 中医大学生职业素质现状调查与分析21-39
    第一节 问卷设计和调查实施21-22
        一、问卷设计21
        二、调查实施21-22
    第二节 描述性统计分析22-25
        一、中医学生问卷描述性统计分析22-23
        二、中医医生问卷描述性统计分析23-25
    第三节 信度与效度分析25-28
        一、中医学生问卷和中医医生问卷信度分析25-26
        二、中医学生问卷和中医医生问卷效度分析26-28
    第四节 独立样本t检验28-30
    第五节 因子分析30-35
        一、中医学生视角下的职业素质结构30-33
        二、中医医生视角下的职业素质结构33-35
    第六节 几点讨论35-39
        一、中医学生和医生对职业道德、知识、临床能力的认知状况35-36
        二、中医学生职业素质要素结构36-39
第四章 中医大学生职业素质培养中存在的问题和改进对策39-51
    第一节 中医学生职业素质培养中存在的问题39-41
        一、中医学生职业道德培养薄弱39-40
        二、人文素质特别是传统文化素养需要加强40-41
        三、临床能力特别是人际关系能力和信息素质重视不够41
    第二节 中医大学生职业素质培养问题的原因分析41-45
        一、医德教育观念和方法落后41-42
        二、人文类课程设置不合理42-43
        三、临床实践安排不科学、内容不全面43-45
    第三节 中医大学生职业素质培养的改进对策45-51
        一、发挥中医药文化资源优势,增强医德教育的有效性45-46
        二、突出中医知识培养,强化传统文化素养46-48
        三、理论和实践相结合,着力于人际关系能力和信息素质的提高48-51
结语51-52
参考文献52-56
附录56-58
在校期间发表论文情况58-59
致谢59
        下载全文需50


本文地址:

上一篇:新媒体影响下高校思想政治教育主体性研究
下一篇:最后一页

分享到: 分享中医大学生职业素质现状调查与培养对策研究到腾讯微博           收藏
评论排行
公告